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The Napoleon Gallery or, Illustrations of the life and times of the emperor of France

The Napoleon Gallery
or, Illustrations of the life and times of the emperor of France
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Title: The Napoleon Gallery or, Illustrations of the life and times of the emperor of France
Release Date: 2018-07-11
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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Some corrections have been made. The names of places mentionedhave been left as spelled in the original. Bounaparte has been corrected to Buonapartewhere it appeared in the text.

List of Illustrations
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(etext transcriber's note)

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THE

N a p o l e o n   G a l l e r y

OR,
Illustrations of the Life and Times
OF THE
Emperor of France
ENGRAVED BY REVEIL, AND OTHER EMINENT ARTISTS, FROM ALL
THE MOST CELEBRATED PICTURES IN FRANCE


PUBLISHED BY
E S T E S   &   L A U R I A T
BOSTON
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Copyright, 1888.
By Estes & Lauriat.
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

I.The Action at St. Roche’s
II.Entering Milan
III.“What a Lesson for Man!”
IV.The Battle of Rivoli
V.Napoleon at Lonato
VI.Defending the Redoubt of Monte Legino
VII.Preliminaries of the Peace of Leoben
VIII.Crossing the Bridge at Arcola
IX.The Cisalpine Republic
X.The Battle of the Pyramids
XI.The Revolt of Cairo
XII.The Fight at Benouth
XIII.The Speech at the Pyramids
XIV.“All whom I command are my Children”
XV.Buonaparte pardoning the Rebels at Cairo
XVI.The Plague of Jaffa
XVII.“You are the Greatest of Men!”
XVIII.Napoleon inscribing his Name on Mount Sinai
XIX.Napoleon at Malmaison
XX.The Battle of Marengo
XXI.The Battle of Aboukir
XXII.The Review by the First Consul
XXIII.Buonaparte at Mount St. Bernard
XXIV.The Death of Desaix
XXV.The Coronation of Napoleon
XXVI.The First Corps crossing the Maine
XXVII.The Fourth Corps at Donawerth
XXVIII.The Emperor’s Arrival at Augsburg
XXIX.Napoleon crowned King of Italy
XXX.Napoleon crossing the Rhine at Kehl
XXXI.The Fourth Corps entering Augsburg
XXXII.Napoleon addresses the Army
XXXIII.The Surrender of Ulm
XXXIV.Napoleon receiving the Keys of Vienna
XXXV.The Morning of Austerlitz
XXXVI.Presentation of Austrian Ensigns to the French Senate
XXXVII.The Seventy-sixth Regiment recovering its Colors
XXXVIII.The Night before the Battle of Austerlitz
XXXIX.The Battle of Austerlitz
XL.Napoleon’s Interview with the Austrian Emperor
XLI.Statues on the Column of the Grand Army
XLII.The Duchess of Weimar and Napoleon
XLIII.Napoleon receiving the Deputies of the Senate
XLIV.The Sword of Frederick the Great
XLV.The Battle of Jena
XLVI.Marshal Ney at Elchingen
XLVII.Napoleon’s Clemency
XLVIII.The Field of Battle at Eylau
XLIX.The Battle of Friedland
L.The Simplon Pass
LI.Battle of Essling
LII.Napoleon wounded at Ratisbon
LIII.“The Combat at Somo Sierra”
LIV.Napoleon’s Interview with the Prussian Queen
LV.The Retreat from Moscow
LVI.The Death of the Duke of Montebello
LVII.Napoleon at the Tomb of Frederick the Great
LVIII.The Peasant of the Rhine
LIX.The Redoubt of Kabrunn
LX.“Is it True that Things are going so badly?”
LXI.The Battle of Moscow
LXII.The Skirmish
LXIII.“Every one to his own Calling”
LXIV.The Death of Poniatowski
LXV.Napoleon at Lutzen
LXVI.The Battle of Montmirail
LXVII.Napoleon at Montereau
LXVIII.Napoleon’s Farewell at Fontainbleau
LXIX.The Battle of Hainau
LXX.Napoleon at Arcis-sur-Aube
LXXI.Filial Anxiety of a Conscript
LXXII.The Turnpike of Clichy
LXXIII.The Return from Elba
LXXIV.Napoleon at Charleroi
LXXV.Napoleon at Waterloo
LXXVI.Napoleon saluting Wounded Foes
LXXVII.Napoleon in 1815
LXXVIII.Taking the Oath of Allegiance
LXXIX.A Soldier’s Farewell
LXXX.A Soldier at Waterloo
LXXXI.A Field Hospital
LXXXII.Arc de Triomphe de l’Etoile
LXXXIII.Death-bed of Napoleon
LXXXIV.Napoleon as Lieutenant-Colonel
LXXXV.The Triumphal Column
LXXXVI.Statue of Napoleon by Chaudet
LXXXVII.Apotheosis
LXXXVIII.Napoleon, Emperor
LXXXIX.The Death-mask of Napoleon
XC.The Funeral Procession at the Arc de Triomphe
XCI.Esplanade of the Hotel des Invalides
XCII.The Catafalque, Dôme des Invalides
XCIII.The Funeral Car
XCIV.Opening the Casket
XCV.Royal Court of the Hotel des Invalides

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THE ACTION AT ST. ROCHE’S.

On the 4th of October, 1795, at six o’clock in the morning, Napoleonvisited every post, and placed his troops in line. They were few innumber, and might easily have been destroyed by the populace.

While everything portended a sanguinary affair, the danger becomingevery instant more pressing, the Convention discussed the situationwithout coming to any decision. Suddenly a column of a few battalionsheaded by Lafond, an emigrant, appeared on Point Neuf, and obligedCartaux to fall back under the posterns. At about a quarter past foursome rockets were fired from the Hotel de Noailles. This was thesignal for the attack. Lafond’s column wheeled round, and marched on thePont Royal along the Quai Voltaire. This column was routed by theartillery of the Louvre and Pont Royal after rallying three timesunder the fire. St. Roche was taken, and every other post occupied bythe sectionaries, was cleared. At six o’clock, the affray was over; andif a few cannon were heard during the night, they were discharged todestroy the barricades which some of the citizens still wished tomaintain.{9}{8}

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THE ACTION AT St. ROCHE’S.

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ENTERING MILAN.

On the 15th of May, 1796, Napoleon made his entry into Milan, amidst theacclamations of the populace; his troops passing under a triumphal arch.From that day the Italians adopted the tri-colored ensign—green, redand white.

Napoleon remained only a few days in Milan, where he received d’Este,natural brother of the Duke of Modena, who came to solicit theprotection of the French army. Buonaparte treated with the Duke ofModena as he had done with the Duke of Parma.

In taking the command of the army in Italy, Napoleon, notwithstandinghis extreme youth, inspired the soldiers, and even the old officersthemselves, with absolute confidence.

The accompanying engraving is copied from a fresco painted by AndreaAppiani, who was commissioned to portray in the vice-regal palace atMilan the pageants of Napoleon. Thirty-five are there painted in oil,after the manner of Grisaille. This subject has been engraved by thebest artists of Milan; it is rare and much sought after by amateurs.{13}{12}

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ENTERING MILAN.

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“WHAT A LESSON FOR MAN!”

In Italy, after the battle of Bassano, Napoleon, followed by his staffrode over the field. The moon shed her light upon that scene of horror,and the profound silence of the night was disturbed only by the sadcries of the wounded, and the dismal groans of the dying. All at once adog that had been lying on a dead body, came forward whining, runningback and forth, seemingly divided between the desire of avenging thedeath of his master, and the fear of allowing the body to become cold.Napoleon stopped; his soul was stirred by the faithful friendship of theanimal compared to the neglect with which the other victims weretreated, and he remained absorbed in profound meditation.

“What a lesson for man!” at last he cried.

The incident was so deeply impressed upon his mind that twenty-fiveyears after, he spoke of it again on the rock of St. Helena.{17}{16}

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WHAT A LESSON FOR MAN.

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THE BATTLE OF RIVOLI.

Napoleon arrived at Rivoli about two o’clock in the morning of the 14thof January, 1797, where he was able to observe the line of the enemy’sfires who appeared to be encamped in five divisions, with a view ofcommencing the attack at different points. Joubert immediately receivedorders to act on the offensive; and the Fusileers engaged with one ofthe enemy’s columns, and repulsed it by day-break. Another Austriancolumn then marched upon the battery at Rivoli; in less than an hourthis was defeated and driven back by Massena, when a third came to itsaid, and would have thrown itself upon the battery, but the Frenchartillery slaughtered all who came within gun-shot. The cavalry thencharged with daring intrepidity, and the enemy were driven to the edgeof the precipice, and rolled into the ravine below. Whilst this tookplace a fourth column arrived at the place to which it had beendirected, on the heights of Pipoto, hoping to turn the French flank; butit was too late; it came just in time to see the destruction of theother divisions, and to foresee the fate which awaited itself. Seventhousand prisoners were taken, with twelve pieces of cannon, and a fewensigns. In the course of the day Napoleon was frequently surrounded bythe enemy, and had several horses killed under him. In consideration ofservices performed on this occasion, Massena had the title of Duc deRivoli conferred upon him.{21}{20}

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THE BATTLE OF RIVOLI.

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NAPOLEON AT LONATO.

After Lonato had been taken by the Austrians, and again re-taken byNapoleon, August, 1796, five thousand Austrians deserted; when, learningthat there were only 1200 French soldiers at Lonato, they marched towardthat place, in the hope of clearing a road to the Nuncio. When nearLonato they sent to demand the surrender of the city. At that momentNapoleon arrived from Castiglione, when he ordered the messenger to bebrought before him. “Go, tell your general,” said Napoleon, “that he isin the midst of the French army. I give him eight minutes to surrender;after that he has nothing to hope for!” Harassed and fatigued, notknowing which way to turn, these 5,000 men laid down their arms at hiscommand.{25}{24}

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NAPOLEON AT LONATO.

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DEFENDING THE REDOUBT OF MONTE LEGINO.

When Napoleon took command of the army of Italy, it was in a state ofabsolute destitution.

Napoleon arrived at Nice, reviewed the troops, and said, “Soldiers, youare badly equipped; you require many necessaries, but our government isnot able to supply them. Your patience

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