The Legislative Manual, of the State of Colorado Comprising the History of Colorado, Annals of the Legislature, Manual of Customs, Precedents and Forms, Rules of Parliamentary Parliamentary Practice, and the Constitutions of the United States nd The Histo
STATE OF COLORADO,
THE HISTORY OF COLORADO, ANNALS OF THE LEGISLATURE,
MANUAL OF CUSTOMS, PRECEDENTS AND FORMS, RULES
OF PARLIAMENTARY PRACTICE, AND THE CONSTITUTIONS
OF THE UNITED STATES AND
THE STATE OF COLORADO.
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF AMERICAN HISTORY, LISTS AND
TABLES FOR REFERENCE, BIOGRAPHIES, ETC.
THOMAS B. CORBETT.
DENVER TIMES PUBLISHING HOUSE AND BINDERY.
Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1877,
By Thomas B. Corbett,
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C.
The first edition of the Colorado Legislative Manual isherewith presented. While designed for the use of the General Assembly,it cannot fail to interest all classes—the lawyer, the merchant,the aspirant after political honors, and even the young who are ripeninginto manhood and soon to share its grave responsibilities. It containsinformation which cannot be elsewhere acquired without a great expenditureof time and patience, in the examination of records, the reconciliationof numerous discrepancies, the supplement of omissions andthe correction of errors. The pre-State history is necessarily brief.Sketches of prominent characters, and comments on events and theacts of individuals are not introduced, for the reason that the periodof the narrative should be removed some distance from the present ageto secure the historian from undue prejudice and partiality. The settlementof Colorado, now a flourishing State, began scarcely twentyyears ago. A sense of propriety, therefore, demands that only a plain,accurate and truthful statement be made of what occurred in connectionwith that settlement. In the preparation of the Legislative Annals,much labor and care have been expended. The Annals are as completeand correct as it was possible to make them, considering the removalsof members from the Territory, the inaccuracy of the recordsand the imperfection of the journals. To the novice in legislation, theManual of Customs, Precedents and Forms will prove of great value.I have sought, and indeed have spared no pains nor expense, to makethis an improvement upon all other Legislative Manuals yet published.
This Manual will be published biennially with such changes as circumstancesmay require, and such improvements as experience maysuggest. That I am anxious to receive the commendation of an appreciativepublic, I do not deny, and hope that their fullest sympathy withmy effort in this direction will be freely accorded. It is a satisfactionto know, and should beget a praiseworthy pride, that Colorado is notivbehind any of the oldest, most populous and wealthy States in thecharacter, style and completeness of this publication.
It gives me great pleasure to confess, that from the inception tothe completion of this work, I have received much kind and cordialassistance. My warmest thanks and acknowledgments are extendedto Robert Berry and William W. Webster, experienced legislators,for their good offices and valuable help. The courtesies of JudgeAmos Steck, whose memory of facts, dates and persons deserves specialmention, and the kindness of O. J. Goldrick, editor and proprietorof the Rocky Mountain Herald, are here gratefully acknowledged.
Trusting that this work will meet the expectations of the GeneralAssembly, and State at large, I respectfully submit it to their judgment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
HISTORY OF COLORADO.
Cession of Louisiana Province and Territorial purchase fromMexico—expedition of Coronado—United States expedition to examineLouisiana Province—brief history of Kansas to 1861—first discoveryof Gold—trains of prospectors—first settlements in Colorado—earlyattempts to organize a Territory and State—first representativeto Kansas Legislature—visit of Horace Greeley—Provisional Territorialgovernment organized—people’s courts and miners’ courts—conditionof affairs in 1860—pony express and other events of 1860—Territoryof Colorado organized.—Pages 33-43.
Boundaries—Governor, Secretary, their duties and term of office—Legislature—suffrage—judicialpower—election of delegate—Surveyor-Generalto be appointed.
To provide a temporary government—to regulate the electivefranchise—in regard to appropriations—compensation of members andofficers of legislature.—Pages 44-56.
Provisional government ends—federal officers arrive—Territorialgovernment established—events of 1862—events of 1863—events ofvii1864—Indians punished by Col. Chivington—renewal of Indian hostilitiesin 1865—attempt to organize a State—events of 1866—events of1867—railroads and colonies—temporary division of Republican partyin Colorado—enabling act passed.—Pages 57-62.
Power to organize a State government—boundaries—suffrage—ConstitutionalConvention—Constitution to be submitted to the peopleand President to admit the State by proclamation—lands and SaltSprings appropriated—that five per centum of the proceeds of thesales of lands by the United States be paid to the State. Amendmentto the Enabling Act—Constitutional Convention.—Pages 63-67.
Preamble—bill of rights—distribution of powers—Executive Department—Lieutenant-Governor—legislativedepartment—judicial department—suffrageand elections—State institutions—education—revenue—officers—impeachments—counties—corporations—miningand irrigation—militia—miscellaneous—future amendments—schedule—ordinances.Constitution submitted to the people—vote—the newState admitted. Proclamation of the President—party conventions—electionfor State officers—General Assembly meet—Governor’s message—generalremarks.—Pages 67-123.viii1