The Boy's Hakluyt English Voyages of Adventure and Discovery
Full page images have been moved slightly to the nearest paragraphbreak. They were not included in the pagination of the original.
Minor errors, attributable to the printer, have been corrected. Pleasesee the transcriber’s note at the end of this textfor details regarding the handling of any textual issues encounteredduring its preparation.
Any corrections are indicated using an highlight. Placing the cursor over the correction will produce theoriginal text in a small popup.
Any corrections are indicated as hyperlinks, which will navigate thereader to the corresponding entry in the corrections table in thenote at the end of the text.
The Boy’s Catlin. My Life Among the Indians, byGeorge Catlin. Edited by Mary Gay Humphreys.Illustrated. 12mo
The Boy’s Hakluyt. English Voyages of Adventureand Discovery, retold from Hakluyt by Edwin M.Bacon. Illustrated. 12mo
The Boy’s Drake. Edited by Edwin M. Bacon.
QUEEN ELIZABETH GOING ABOARD THE “GOLDEN HIND.”
From a painting by Frank Brangwyn.
ENGLISH VOYAGES OF
ADVENTURE AND DISCOVERY
This account of Richard Hakluyt and his narratives ofEnglish exploration and adventure, from the earliest recordsto the establishment of the English colonies in North America,has been prepared at the instance of Edwin D. Mead, the finemainspring of the far-reaching system of historical study widelyknown as the “Old South Work,” for the instruction of youngfolk, by engaging methods, in genuine American history. Thepurpose of the book was to draw the youth of to-day to asource of American history of first importance, and a work ofeternal interest and value.
To this end I have sought to utilize the huge foolscapvolumes of the Principal Navigations and to summarize orcompress the narratives into a coherent story from the earliestadventures chiefly for conquest to those for discovery and expansionof trade, and finally for colonization, down to the settlementof Virginia. The American note is dominant throughoutthis animated story of daring, pluck, courage, genuineheroism, and splendid nerve displayed by the English captainsof adventure and discovery North, East, and West.
I have endeavored also to recall Hakluyt’s significant workin his publications which preceded the Principal Navigations,and in his equally important personal efforts to forward Americancolonization by England, in order to re-present him in histrue position, recognized by the earlier historians—that of avifounder hand in hand with Raleigh of the English colonies,out of which developed the national life of the United States.
The dictum of William Robertson in his eighteenth centuryHistory of America (1777), that to Hakluyt England was moreindebted for her American possessions “than to any other manof that age,” was sustained by Sir Clements Robert Markham,the English traveller, geographer, and historian, upon the occasion,in 1896, of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of theHakluyt Society, of which Sir Clements was then the president,when he said: “Virtually Raleigh and Hakluyt were the foundersof those colonies which eventually formed the United States.As Americans revere the name of Walter Raleigh, they shouldgive an equal place to Richard Hakluyt.”
Sir Clements further observed: “Excepting, of course,Shakspere and the Dii Majores, there is no man of the age ofElizabeth to whom posterity owes a deeper debt of gratitudethan to Richard Hakluyt, the saviour of the records of ourexplorers and discoverers by land and sea.”
Americans may well claim the pride of inheritance in thesebrave annals of adventure on untried seas and to unknownlands. Hakluyt’s quaint language ought not to be a hard nutto crack for the American boy when such rich meat is within.
|I.||Beginnings of America||1|
|II.||Richard Hakluyt the Man||17|
|III.||“The Principal Navigations”||32|
|IV.||The Early Voyages||36|
|V.||Quest for the Northwest Passage||53|
|VI.||The Voyages of the Cabots||62|
|VII.||The English Claim to America||77|
|VIII.||Ventures in the Cabots’ Track||90|
|IX.||The Northeast Passage||96|
|X.||The Opening of Russia||104|
|XI.||Voyages for the Muscovy Company||124|
|XII.||Revival of the Northwest Theory||143|
|XIII.||Frobisher in Arctic America||150|
|XIV.||The Lust for Gold||176|
|XV.||Hawkins in Florida||197|
|XVI.||Drake’s Great Exploits||227|
|XVII.||On the Pacific Coast||253|
|XIX.||Footprints of Colonization||308|
|XXI.||Raleigh’s Lost Colony||351|
|Queen Elizabeth Going Aboard the “Golden Hind”|
|From a painting by Frank Brangwyn.||Frontispiece|
|Fac-simile of Title-page of “Divers Voyages”||10|
|From the copy in the New York Public Library (Lenox Building).|
|Fac-simile of Title-page of the Third, or American, Volume of Hakluyt’s “Voyages,” Edition of 1598–1600||32|
|From a copy of the original edition in the New York Public Library (Lenox Building).|
|“The Great Harry,” an English Ship of the Fifteenth Century||50|
|Kidder’s Sketch-map of John Cabot’s Voyage in 1497||69|
|King Henry VIII||94|
|From a photograph, copyrighted by Walker and Boutall, of a painting.|
|Sebastian Cabot at About Eighty Years of Age||136|
|Reproduced from the engraving in Seyer’s "History of Bristol," published in 1823. The original painting was attributed to Holbein and was destroyed by fire in 1845.|
|ixSir John Hawkins||198|
|Sir Francis Drake||228|
|Drake Overhauling a Spanish Galleon||268|
|Sir Walter Raleigh at the Age of Thirty-four||310|
|From a photograph, copyrighted by Walker and Cockerell, of the portrait attributed to Federigo Zaccaro in the National Portrait Gallery.|
|The Arrival of the Englishmen in Virginia||324|
|From a drawing by John White, of Raleigh’s first colony, 1585.|