Stage-coach and Mail in Days of Yore, Volume 2 (of 2) A picturesque history of the coaching age
AND MAIL IN
DAYS OF YORE
WORKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR
The Brighton Road: Old Times and New ona Classic Highway.
The Portsmouth Road, and its Tributaries:To-day and in Days of Old.
The Dover Road: Annals of an AncientTurnpike.
The Bath Road: History, Fashion, andFrivolity on an Old Highway.
The Exeter Road: The Story of the Westof England Highway.
The Great North Road: The Old Mail Roadto Scotland. Two Vols.
The Norwich Road: An East AnglianHighway.
The Holyhead Road: The Mail-Coach Roadto Dublin. Two Vols.
The Cambridge, Ely, and King’s LynnRoad: The Great Fenland Highway.
Cycle Rides Round London.
The Oxford, Gloucester, and Milford HavenRoad: Two Vols.[In the Press.
AND MAIL IN
DAYS OF YORE
A PICTURESQUE HISTORY
OF THE COACHING AGE
By CHARLES G. HARPER
Illustrated from Old-Time Prints
CHAPMAN & HALL, Limited
All rights reserved
HAZELL, WATSON AND VINEY, LD.,
LONDON AND AYLESBURY.
|I.||The Later Mails||1|
|II.||Down the Road in Days of Yore. I.—A Journey from Newcastle-on-Tyne to London in 1772||48|
|III.||Down the Road in Days of Yore. II.—From London to Newcastle-on-Tyne in 1830||66|
|V.||A Great Carrying Firm: The Story of Pickford and Co.||123|
|VI.||Robbery and Adventure||144|
|VII.||Snow and Floods||159|
|VIII.||The Golden Age, 1824–1848||173|
|XII.||End of the Coaching Age||260|
|XIII.||What Became of the Coachmen||292|
|XIV.||The Old England of Coaching Days||322|
List of Illustrations
|1.||Mail-coach passing St. George’s Circus, Southwark, 1797. (After Dalgety)||Frontispiece|
|2.||The Worcester Mail, 1805. (After J. A. Atkinson)||7|
|3.||The Mail. (After J. L. Agasse, 1842)||13|
|4.||The Bristol Mail at Hyde Park Corner, 1838. (After J. Doyle)||19|
|5.||The Yarmouth Mail at the “Coach and Horses,” Ilford. (After J. Pollard)||25|
|6.||The “Quicksilver” Devonport Mail, passing Kew Bridge. (After J. Pollard)||29|
|7.||The “Quicksilver” Devonport Mail, arriving at Temple Bar. (After C. B. Newhouse)||37|
|8.||The “Quicksilver” Devonport Mail, passing Windsor Castle. (After Charles Hunt, 1840)||41|
|9.||Mail-coach built by Waude, 1830. (Now in possession of Messrs. Holland & Holland)||45|
|10.||The “Queen’s Hotel” and General Post Office. (After T. Allom)||69|
|11.||The Turnpike Gate. (From a contemporary Lithograph)||77|
|12.||A Midnight Disaster on a Cross Road: Five Miles to the Nearest Village. (After C. B. Newhouse)||99|
|13.||The “Beaufort” Brighton Coach. (After W. J. Shayer)||103|
|14.||A Queer Piece of Ground in a Fog: “If we get over the rails, we shall be in an ugly fix.” (After C. B. Newhouse)||111x|
|15.||Road versus Rail. (After C. Cooper Henderson, 1845)||117|
|16.||Joseph Baxendale. (From the Portrait by E. H. Pickersgill, R.A.)||131|
|17.||Pickford and Co’s Royal Fly-van, about 1820. (From a contemporary Painting)||139|
|18.||The Lioness attacking the Exeter Mail, October 20th, 1816. (After A. Sauerweid)||153|
|19.||Winter: Going North. (After H. Alken)||163|
|20.||Mail-coach in a Snow-drift. (After J. Pollard)||167|
|21.||Mail-coach in a Flood. (After J. Pollard)||171|
|22.||Late for the Mail. (After C. Cooper Henderson, 1848)||183|
|23.||The Short Stage. (After J. Pollard)||191|
|24.||William Chaplin. (From the Painting by Frederick Newnham)||197|
|25.||The Canterbury and Dover Coach, 1830. (After G. S. Treguar)||201|
|26.||James Nunn, Horse-buyer and Veterinary Surgeon to William Chaplin. (After J. F. Herring)||205|
|27.||William Augustus Chaplin.||211|
|28.||The “Bedford Times,” one of the last Coaches to run, leaving the “Swan Hotel,” Bedford.||219|
|29.||Four-in-hand. (After G. H. Laporte)||243|
|30.||Sir St. Vincent Cotton.||249|
|31.||The Consequence of being Drove by a Gentleman. (After H. Alken)||255|
|32.||Goldsworthy Gurney’s London and Bath Steam-carriage, 1833. (After G. Morton)||265|
|33.||The Last Journey down the Road. (After J. L. Agasse)||275|
|34.||The Chesham Coach, 1796. (From the Painting by Cordery)||283xi|
|35.||The Last of the “Manchester Defiance.” (From a Lithograph)||287|
|36.||The Coachman, 1832. (After H. Alken)||293|
|37.||The Driver, 1852. (After H. Alken)||297|
|38.||The Guard, 1832. (After H. Alken)||303|
|39.||The Guard, 1852. (After H. Alken)||309|
|40.||“All Right!”—The Bath Mail taking up the Mail-bags. (From a contemporary Lithograph)||341|
ILLUSTRATIONS IN TEXT
|List of Illustrations||ix|
|Stage-coach and Mail in Days of Yore||1|
|Mail-coach Halfpenny issued by William Waterhouse||196|
|Benjamin Worthy Horne||221|
|“A View of the Telegraph”: Dick Vaughan, of the Cambridge “Telegraph.” (From an Etching by Robert Dighton, 1809)||301|
|A Stage-coachman’s Epitaph at Haddiscoe||316|
THE LATER MAILS
The Bristol Mail opened the mail-coach era bygoing at eight miles an hour, but that was analtogether exceptional speed, and the averagemail-coach journeys were not performed at arate of more than seven miles an hour until longafter the nineteenth century had dawned. In1812, when Colonel Hawker travelled to Glasgow,it took the mail