» » Australasian Fossils A Students' Manual of Palaeontology

Australasian Fossils A Students' Manual of Palaeontology

Australasian Fossils
A Students' Manual of Palaeontology
Category:
Title: Australasian Fossils A Students' Manual of Palaeontology
Release Date: 2019-03-16
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
Count views: 135
Read book
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... 36
Australasian Fossils: A Students’ Manual of Palaeontology, by Frederick Chapman

i

BY THE SAME AUTHOR.

The Foraminifera

An Introduction to the Study ofthe Protozoa

by

FREDERICK CHAPMAN,A.L.S., F.R.M.S.

This book has been written with a view of
meeting a demand which has arisen for a concise
account of the Foraminifera, suited to the
requirements of the student of Natural History
and Palaeontology.

With 14 plates and 42 illustrations in the Text.

DEMY 8vo. CLOTH, 10s. 6d.

ii

The Keystone Printing Co., 552-4 Lonsdale St., Melb.

iii

A FOSSIL CRINOID
(Helicocrinus plumosus), about 5/6 nat. size,
in Silurian Mudstone, Brunswick, Victoria.

(Spec. in Nat. Mus., Melbourne).

1

Australasian Fossils

A Students’ Manual of Palaeontology

By FREDERICK CHAPMAN,

Palaeontologist to the National Museum, Melbourne.

Formerly Assistant in the Geological Department of the RoyalCollege of Science, London.

Assoc. Linnean Soc. [Lond.], F.R.M.S., etc.

Author of “The Foraminifera,” “A Monograph of theSilurian Bivalved Mollusca of Victoria,” “New or Little-knownVictorian Fossils in the National Museum,” etc.

With an Introduction by

PROFESSOR E. W. SKEATS, D.Sc., F.G.S.

GEORGE ROBERTSON & COMPANYPROPY. LTD.,

Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide, Brisbane and London.
1914.

To
PROFESSOR JOHN WESLEY JUDD
this work is dedicated as a
slight tribute of esteem, and
in grateful acknowledgement
of kindly help and encouragement
through many years.

5

CONTENTS.


Page
Preface 10
Introduction by Professor E. W. Skeats, D.Sc., F.G.S. 13

PART I.—GENERAL PRINCIPLES.
Chap. I. —Nature and uses of Fossils 21
" II. —Classification of Fossil Animals and Plants 34
" III. —The Geological Epochs and Time-range of Fossils 41
" IV. —How Fossils are Found, and the Rocks They Form 51

PART II.—SYSTEMATIC PALAEONTOLOGY.
Chap. V. —Fossil Plants 82
" VI. —Fossil Foraminifera and Radiolaria 95
" VII. —Fossil Sponges, Corals and Graptolites 107
" VIII. —Fossil Starfishes, Sea-lilies and Sea-urchins 133
" IX. —Fossil Worms, Sea-mats and Lamp-shells 152
" X. —Fossil Shell-fish 174
" XI. —Fossil Trilobites, Crustacea and Insects 220
" XII. —Fossil Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals 257

Appendix.—Notes on Collecting and Preserving Fossils 315
Index 321

6

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

Fig. Page
1. Fossil Shells in clay 22
2. Tracks, probably of Crustaceans 22
3. Structure of Silicified Wood in tangential section: Araucarioxylon Daintreei, Chapm. 24
4. Portrait of William Smith 26
5. Raised Beach: Brighton, England 28
6. Raised Beach: Torquay, Victoria 28
7. Marine Fossils in Volcanic Tuff: Summit of Snowdon 29
8. Kitchen Middens: Torquay, Victoria 30
9. Submerged Forest on the Cheshire Coast 30
10. Pecten murrayanus, Tate. A fossil shell allied to a living species 32
11. Cliff section: Torquay, Victoria 42
12. Diagram of superposition of Strata 42
13. Diagram of the Range-in-time of Australasian Fossils 50
14. Diprotodon skeletons in situ: Lake Callabonna, S. Australia 51
15. Bird remains on sand dunes: King Island, Bass Strait 52
16. Impression of Bird’s feather in Ironstone: Western Victoria 52
17. A Fossil Turtle: Notochelone costata, Owen sp. 52
18. A Ganoid Fish: Pristisomus crassus, A. S. Woodward 54
19. A fossil Insect in amber (Tipula sp.) 54
20. A fossil Crustacean: Thalassina emerii, Bell 55
21. An Ammonite: Desmoceras flindersi, McCoy sp. 55
22. Belemnites: Belemnites diptycha, McCoy 56
23. A Group of Lamp-shells: Magellania flavescens, Lam. sp. 56
24. Zoarium of a living Polyzoan: Retepora sp. 58
25. A fossil Polyzoan: Macropora clarkei, T. Woods sp. 58
26. Fossil Worm-tubes: (?) Serpula 60
27. A living Sea-urchin: Strongylocentrotus erythrogrammus, Val. 60
28. A fossil Sea-urchin: Linthia antiaustrails, Tate 60
29. A fossil Brittle-Star: Ophioderma egertoni, Brod. sp. 60
30. A fossil Crinoid: Taxocrinus simplex, Phillips sp. 62
31. Graptolites on Slate: Tetragraptus fruticosus, J. Hall sp. 62
32. A Stromatoporoid: Actinostroma 7 63
33. Corals in Devonian Marble: Favosites 64
34. Siliceous Skeleton of a living Sponge: (?) Chonelasma 64
35. Spicules of a fossil Sponge: Ecionema newberyi, McCoy sp. 65
36. Nummulites: N. gizehensis, Ehr. var. champollioni, De la Harpe 65
37. Cainozoic Radiolaria 66
38. Radiolaria in Siliceous Limestone 67
39. Travertin Limestone, with leaves of Beech (Fagus) 67
40. Freshwater Limestone with shells (Bulinus) 68
41. Hardened mudstone with Brachiopods (Orthis, etc.) 69
42. Diatomaceous Earth 72
43. Lepidocyclina Limestone 73
44. Coral in Limestone: Favosites grandipora, Eth. fil. 74
45. Crinoidal Limestone 74
46. Turritella Limestone 75
47. Ostracodal Limestone 75
48. Halimeda Limestone 77
49. Tasmanite: a Spore Coal 77
50. Kerosene Shale 77
51. Bone Bed 77
52. Bone Breccia 79
53. Cainozoic Ironstone with Leaves (Banksia) 80
54. Girvanella conferta, Chapm., in Silurian Limestone 83
55. Palaeozoic Plants 83
56. Restoration of Lepidodendron 84
57. Stem of Lepidodendron (Lepidophloios), showing leaf-scars 84
58. Upper Palaeozoic Plants 85
59. Map of Gondwana-Land 87
60. Mesozoic Plants 88
61. Cainozoic Plants 90
62. Eucalyptus leaves from the Deep Leads 92
63. Palaeozoic and Mesozoic Foraminifera 97
64. Lepidocyclina marginata, Mich. sp. Sections of shell showing structure 99
65. Cainozoic Foraminifera 100
66. Fossil Radiolaria 103
67. Palaeozoic Sponges and Archaeocyathinae 108
68. Cainozoic Sponges 111
69. Silurian Corals 111
70. Upper Palaeozoic Corals 116
71. Cainozoic Corals 118
72. Stromatoporoidea and Cladophora 121
73. Lower Ordovician Graptolites 8 125
74. Lower Ordovician Graptolites 125
75. Upper Ordovician and Silurian Graptolites 127
76. Fossil Crinoids 135
77. Fossil Starfishes 140
78. Protaster brisingoides, Gregory, in Silurian Sandstone 142
79. Gregoriura spryi, Chapm., in Silurian Mudstone 143
80. Cainozoic Sea-urchins 145
81. Cainozoic Sea-urchins 147
82. Fossil Worms 153
83. Palaeozoic Polyzoa 156
84. Cainozoic Polyzoa 157
85. Lower Palaeozoic Brachiopods 159
86. Silurian and Devonian Brachiopods 161
87. Carbopermian Brachiopods 163
88. Mesozoic Brachiopods 165
89. Cainozoic Brachiopods 167
90. Lower Palaeozoic Bivalves 176
91. Palaeozoic Bivalves 179
92. Carbopermian Bivalves 180
93. Lower Mesozoic Bivalves 181
94. Cretaceous Bivalves 183
95. Cainozoic Bivalves 185
96. Cainozoic Bivalves 186
97. Fossil Scaphopods and Chitons 188
98. Lower Palaeozoic Gasteropoda 192
99. Silurian Gasteropoda 194
100. Upper Palaeozoic Gasteropoda 195
101. Mesozoic Gasteropoda 197
102. Cainozoic Gasteropoda 199
103.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... 36
Comments (0)
Free online library ideabooks.net