The Journal of Prison Discipline and Philanthropy (New Series, No. 46, January 1907)
STANDING COMMITTEES FOR 1907.
|Rev. J. F. Ohl,||Rev. R. Heber Barnes,||F. J. Pooley.|
|Charles P. Hastings,||Albert Oetinger,||John Smallzell.|
|Rev. R. Heber Barnes,||Deborah C. Leeds,||Dr. William C. Stokes.|
|Rev. J. F. Ohl,||Joseph C. Noblit,|
|On Membership in the Acting Committee:|
|Dr. William C. Stokes,||Albert Oetinger,||Charles P. Hastings.|
|George S. Wetherell,||Elias H. White,|
|George S. Wetherell,||David Sulzberger,||William Scattergood,|
|A. J. Wright.|
|On Employment of Discharged Prisoners:|
|Isaac Slack,||John D. Hampton,||Mrs. Horace Fassett,|
|Albert Oetinger,||Rev. H. L. Duhring, D. D.,||John A. Duncan,|
|William Koelle,||Frederick J. Pooley,||Mrs. P. W. Lawrence.|
|Henry C. Cassel,|
|Joseph C. Noblit,||John H. Dillingham.|
|On Police Matrons in Station Houses:|
|Mrs. P. W. Lawrence,||Dr. Emily J. Ingram,||Mary S. Wetherell.|
|On Prison Sunday:|
|Rev. R. Heber Barnes,||Rev. J. F. Ohl,||Rev. F. H. Senft.|
|Rev. H. L. Duhring, D. D.,||Rev. Philip Lamerdin,|
|Rev. J. F. Ohl,||Joseph Noblit,||William Scattergood.|
|Rev. H. C. Meyer,||Rev. R. Heber Barnes,|
JOURNAL OF PRISON DISCIPLINE
ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTIETH YEAR
1787OF1907THE PENNSYLVANIA PRISON SOCIETY
ANNUAL REPORT OF JOHN J. LYTLE, GENERAL SECRETARY
In submitting this, my Seventeenth Annual Report, it iswith renewed feelings of devout thankfulness to my HeavenlyFather that He has spared my life through another year, andgiven me the health and strength to perform a service so nearand dear to my heart.
In one respect the work of the Pennsylvania PrisonSociety is unique. Besides the General Secretary, whoselabors are confined chiefly to the Eastern Penitentiary, andthe Agent for the County Prison, the Society has an “ActingCommittee” of fifty members, who by two legislative enactmentshave the rights of official visitors. The first of theseacts became operative in 1829. This was supplemented by theact approved March 20, 1903, which is as follows:
To make active or visiting committees, of societies incorporatedfor the purpose of visiting and instructing prisoners,official visitors of penal and reformatory institutions.
Section I. Be it enacted, etc., That the active or visitingcommittee of any society heretofore incorporated and nowexisting in this Commonwealth for the purpose of visitingand instructing prisoners, or persons confined in any penal orreformatory institution, and alleviating their miseries, shall beand are hereby made official visitors of any jail, penitentiary,or other penal or reformatory institution in this Commonwealth,maintained at the public expense, with the same powers,privileges, and functions as are vested in the official visitors6of prisons and penitentiaries, as now prescribed by law: Provided,That no active or visiting committee of any such societyshall be entitled to visit such jails or penal institutions, underthis act, unless notice of the names of the members of suchcommittee, and the terms of their appointment, is given bysuch society, in writing, under its corporate seal, to the warden,superintendent or other officer in charge of such jail, or otherofficer in charge of any such jail or other penal institution.
Approved—The 20th day of March, A. D. 1903.
The foregoing is a true and correct copy of the Act of theGeneral Assembly No. 48.
THE EASTERN PENITENTIARY
Under the rights thus conferred those members of theActing Committee of the Pennsylvania Prison Society assignedto the Eastern Penitentiary visit prisoners in their cells. Itis found that this personal work of Christian men and womenis productive of good results. In the privacy of the cell heartsand lives are laid open, impressions are made, resolutions areformed, and changes are brought about that under a less personaland individual system of treatment would be well-nighimpossible. The corridor for female prisoners is in charge of amatron, and is regularly visited by women members of theActing Committee.
During the past year I made over three hundred visits tothe Penitentiary; and have had more than three thousand personalinterviews with men. Those who need it receive a completeoutfit of new clothing on their discharge. But looking afterthe physical well-being of a man when he leaves I regard asthe least important of my duties. I ascertain what his pasthas been, what his prospects are for the future, and in whatway he can be aided in carrying out the good resolutions hemay have formed. Thus with good advice and helpful servicethe man is again given an opportunity to rehabilitate himself.
Besides caring for those just discharged, the General Secretaryand the Agent of the County Prison also extend aid tomen who have been released for some time, but who havefailed to secure employment. This is done at the relief stationmaintained near the Penitentiary, which is open every morning.7Here men who are found to be really deserving aresupplied with meal tickets, lodging-room rent, and goods tosell.
The total amount expended during the past year fromthe Fund for Discharged Prisoners was $3,795.56. Tools weregiven to men to the amount of $69.16.
As heretofore, Divine services were held in the differentcorridors each First Day morning under the direction of theMoral Instructor, the Rev. Joseph Welsh. The speakers weresupplied by the Local Preachers’ Association of the MethodistEpiscopal Church, the Protestant Episcopal City Mission, andthe Lutheran City Mission.
The Sunday Song Services at 4 P. M. by choirs fromdifferent churches, arranged for by the Rev. H. L. Duhring,D. D., Superintendent of the Protestant Episcopal City Mission,were continued during the year.
I am greatly indebted to all the officers and overseers ofthe Penitentiary for their uniform courtesy and their valuableassistance in the prosecution of my work. Charles C. Churchhas proved himself to be an able and efficient warden, to whoseadministrative ability and genial manner the discipline andgood order of the institution are chiefly due.
From the Annual Report of the Penitentiary I gather thefollowing statistics:
|Remaining from 1905||859||13||257||13||1,142|
|Committed during 1906||303||8||111||9||431|
|Discharged during 1906||336||6||96||5||443|
|Remaining at the close of 1906||826||15||272||17||1,130|
|THE DISCHARGES WERE AS FOLLOWS:|
|“||Order of Court||7|
|“||Department of Justice||8|
|“||Order of Huntingdon Reformatory||4|
|Average daily population, 1906||1,144|
|Largest number in confinement during year||1,175|
|Smallest number in confinement during year||1,103|