Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire
Title: Hertfordshire
Release Date: 2006-04-25
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 25 March 2019
Count views: 20
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Transcriber’s note

A few corrections havebeen made for obvious typographical errors; they have been notedindividually, and, together with other notes, listed at the end of the e-text.

The Railways of Hertfordshire

The Railways of Hertfordshire

HERTFORDSHIRE

ST. ALBAN'S ABBEY CHURCH

ST. ALBAN’S ABBEY CHURCH

HERTFORDSHIRE

By
HERBERT W. TOMPKINS
F.R.Hist.S.

With Illustrations by
EDMUND H. NEW
AND FROM PHOTOGRAPHS
AND TWO MAPS

“Hearty, homely, loving Hertfordshire”

Charles Lamb

LONDON
METHUEN & CO. LTD.
36 Essex St. Strand

Second Edition, Revised

First Published March 1903
Second Edition, Revised1922

TO
MY WIFE


[Pg vii]PREFACE

In the following pages I have endeavoured to give a brief description ofHertfordshire on the lines of Mr. F. G. Brabant’s book in this series.The general features of the county are briefly described in theIntroduction, in sections approximately corresponding to the sections ofthe volume on Sussex. I have thought it wise, however, to compress theIntroduction within the briefest limits, in order that, in theGazetteer, I might have space for more adequate treatment than wouldotherwise have been possible.

I have visited a large proportion of the towns, villages and hamlets ofHertfordshire, and have, so far as possible, written from personalobservation.

I desire to thank Mr. John Hopkinson, F.L.S., F.G.S., etc., for hiskindness in writing the sections on Climate and Botany; Mr. A. E.[Pg viii]Gibbs, F.L.S., F.R.H.S., for his permission to make use of severalmiscellanies from his pen, and Mr. Alfred Bentley of New Barnet for hiscourtesy in placing some photographs from his collection at the disposalof Mr. New.

Verulam,
Southend-on-Sea,
1903.


[Pg ix]CONTENTS

Page
Introduction 1
I Situation, Extent and Boundaries 1
II Physical Features 2
III Climate 11
IV Flora and Fauna 15
V Population 23
VI Communications 25
VII Industries 28
VIII History 31
IX Antiquities 33
X Celebrated Men 39
Description of Places in Hertfordshirearranged Alphabetically 45
Index to Persons 235

[Pg x]


[Pg xi]LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS AND MAPS

The Railways of Hertfordshire Front Cover
The Abbey Church, St. Albans
(From a Photograph by the Graphotone Co., Enfield)
Frontispiece
Leafless Beeches in November, Ashridge Woods
(From a Photo. by Mr. J. T. Newman, Great Berkhampstead)
To face page 2
On the River Colne
(From a Photo. by Mr. J. T. Newman, Great Berkhampstead)
8
Grand Junction Canal at Tring—The Highest Water Level in England
(From a Photo. by Mr. J. T. Newman, Great Berkhampstead)
10
The Parish Church, Aldbury
(From a Photo. by Mr. J. T. Newman, Great Berkhampstead)
47
Ashridge House
(From a Photo. by Mr. J. T. Newman, Great Berkhampstead)
53
Old Cottage, Baldock
(From a Photo. by Messrs. Valentine, Dundee)
59
Castle Street, Berkhampstead
(From a Photo. by Mr. J. T. Newman, Great Berkhampstead)
72
Bishop’s Stortford
(From a Photograph by Messrs. Frith, Reigate)
74
Broxbourne 79
Chorley Wood Common
(From a Photo. by the London Stereoscopic & Photo. Co.)
87
Hatfield House
(From a Photo. by Messrs. Valentine, Dundee)
109
King James’s Drawing-Room, Hatfield House
(From a Photo. by Messrs. Valentine, Dundee)
111
Hemel Hempstead 115
Hertford 117
[Pg xii] Hitchin
(From a Photograph by Messrs. Frith, Reigate)
125
Knebworth Park 139
Old Cottages near Mackery End
(From a Photograph by the Author)
146
Rickmansworth
(From a Photo. by the London Stereoscopic & Photo. Co.)
170
The High Street, Royston
(From a Photo. by Messrs. Valentine, Dundee)
172
The Fighting Cocks, St. Albans—The Oldest Inn in England
(From a Photo. by Messrs. Valentine, Dundee)
178
Bacon’s Monument
(From a Photograph by Messrs. Frith, Reigate)
183
Ruins of Bacon’s House
(From a Photograph by Messrs. Frith, Reigate)
184
St. Alban’s Shrine
(From a Photograph by the Graphotone Co., Enfield)
192
Stevenage Church
(From a Photograph by Messrs. Frith, Reigate)
204
Waltham Cross 214
Map of Hertfordshire 233

[Pg 1]INTRODUCTION

I. Situation, Extent and Boundaries

Hertfordshire, or Herts, is a county in the S.E. of England. On the S.it is bounded by Middlesex; on the S.W. by Buckinghamshire; on the N.W.by Bedfordshire; on the N. by Cambridgeshire; on the E. by Essex. Itsextreme measurement from due E. to W., say from Little Hyde Hall toPuttenham, is about 38 miles; from N. to S., from Mobb’s Hole at the topof Ashwell Common to a point just S. of Totteridge Green, about 30miles; but a longer line, 36 miles in length, may be drawn from Mobb’sHole to Troy Farm in the S.W.

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