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Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code, Circular 92

Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code, Circular 92
Category: Copyright
Title: Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code, Circular 92
Release Date: 2003-07-01
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Copyright Law of the United States ofAmerica and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code, Circular 92, by Library of Congress. Copyright Office. and United States

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net

Title: Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code, Circular 92

Author: Library of Congress. Copyright Office.
        United States

Posting Date: August 8, 2009 [EBook #4291]Release Date: July, 2003First Posted: December 30, 2001

Language: English

*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK COPYRIGHT LAW OF THE U.S. ***

Produced by George Davis

Copyright Law of the United States of America

and

Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the *United States Code*

Circular 92

————————————————————————————————————Contents

  + The Constitutional Provision Respecting Copyright
  + Preface
  + Chapter 1 - Subject Matter and Scope of Copyright
  + Chapter 2 - Copyright Ownership and Transfer
  + Chapter 3 - Duration of Copyright
  + Chapter 4 - Copyright Notice, Deposit, and Registration
  + Chapter 5 - Copyright Infringement and Remedies
  + Chapter 6 - Manufacturing Requirements and Importation
  + Chapter 7 - Copyright Office
  + Chapter 8 - Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panels
  + Chapter 9 - Protection of Semiconductor Chip Products
  + Chapter 10 - Digital Audio Recording Devices and Media
  + Chapter 11 - Sound Recordings and Music Videos
  + Chapter 12 - Copyright Protection and Management Systems
  + Chapter 13 - Protection of Original Designs
  + Appendix I. Transitional and Supplementary Provisions of the
                Copyright Act of 1976
  + Appendix II. Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988
  + Appendix III. Uruguay Round Agreements Act
  + Appendix IV. GATT/Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property
                 Rights (TRIPs) Agreement, Part II, Section 6:
                 Layout-Designs (Topographies) of Integrated Circuits
  + Appendix V. Additional Provisions of the Digital Millennium
                Copyright Act
  + Appendix VI. Definition of "Berne Convention Work"
  + Appendix VII. Selected Provisions of the U.S. Code Relating to
                  Copyright

————————————————————————————————————

The Constitutional Provision Respecting Copyright

The Congress shall have Power … To promote the Progress of Science anduseful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors theexclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries

(United States Constitution, Article I, Section 8)

————————————————————————————————————

Preface

This volume contains the text of title 17 of the *United States Code*,including all amendments enacted through the end of the second sessionof the 106th Congress in 2000. It includes the Copyright Act of 1976 andall subsequent amendments to copyright law; the Semiconductor ChipProtection Act of 1984, as amended; and the Vessel Hull DesignProtection Act, as amended. The Copyright Office is responsible forregistering claims under all three.

The United States copyright law is contained in chapters 1 through 8 and10 through 12 of title 17 of the *United States Code.* The Copyright Actof 1976, which provides the basic framework for the current copyrightlaw, was enacted on October 19, 1976 as Pub. L. No. 94-553, 90 Stat.2541. Listed below in chronological order of their enactment aresubsequent amendments to copyright law.

Chapters 9 and 13 of title 17 contain statutory design protection thatis independent of copyright protection. Chapter 9 of title 17 is theSemiconductor Chip Protection Act of 1984 (SCPA), as amended. OnNovember 8, 1984, the SCPA was enacted as title III of Pub. L. No.98-620, 98 Stat. 3335, 3347. Chapter 13 of title 17 is the Vessel HullDesign Protection Act (VHDPA). It was enacted on October 28, 1998 astitle V of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), Pub. L. No.105-304, 112 Stat. 2860, 2905. Subsequent amendments to the SCPA and theVHDPA are also included in the list below, in chronological order oftheir enactment.

For transitional and supplementary copyright provisions that wereenacted as part of the Copyright Act of 1976 and the DMCA, but which donot amend title 17, see the Appendix.

Statutory Enactments Contained in Title 17 of the *United States Code*

+ [Copyright Act of 1976], Pub. L. No. 94-553, 90 Stat. 2541 (for thegeneral revision of copyright law, title 17 of the *United States Code*,and for other purposes), October 19, 1976.

  + Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1978, Pub. L. No. 95-94, 91
Stat. 653, 682 (amending Sec. 203 and 708, title 17, *United States Code*,
regarding the deposit of moneys by the Register of Copyrights in the
Treasury of the United States), enacted August 5, 1977.

+ [Copyright Amendments], Pub. L. No. 95-598, 92 Stat. 2549, 2676(amending Sec. 201(e), title 17, *United States Code*, to permitinvoluntary transfer under the Bankruptcy Law), enacted November 6, 1978.

+ [Copyright Amendments], Pub. L. No. 96-517, 94 Stat. 3015, 3028(amending Sec. 101 and 117, title 17, *United States Code*, regardingcomputer programs), enacted December 12, 1980.

+ Piracy and Counterfeiting Amendments Act of 1982, Pub. L. No.97-180, 96 Stat. 91, 93 (amending Sec. 506(a), title 17, *United StatesCode* and title 18 of the *United States Code*), enacted May 24, 1982.

+ [Copyright Amendments], Pub. L. No. 97-215, 96 Stat. 178 (amendingthe manufacturing clause in chapter 6, title 17, *United States Code*),enacted July 13, 1982.

+ [Copyright Amendments], Pub. L. No. 97-366, 96 Stat. 1759 (amendingSec. 110 and Sec. 708, title 17, *United States Code*, regarding theredesignation of registration fees as filing fees, and the exemptionfrom copyright liability of certain performances of nondramatic literaryor musical works), enacted October 25, 1982.

+ Record Rental Amendment of 1984, Pub. L. No. 98-450, 98 Stat. 1727(amending Sec. 109 and Sec. 115, title 17, *United States Code*, withrespect to rental, lease or lending of sound recordings), enactedOctober 4, 1984.

+ Semiconductor Chip Protection Act of 1984, title III of Pub. L. No.98-620, 98 Stat. 3335, 3347 (adding chapter 9, title 17, *United StatesCode*, to provide design protection for semiconductor chips), November8, 1984.

+ [Copyright Amendments], Pub. L. No. 99-397, 100 Stat. 848 (amendingSec. 111 and Sec. 801, title 17, *United States Code*, to clarify thedefinition of the local service area of a primary transmitter in thecase of a low power television station), enacted on August 27, 1986.

  + [Amendments to the Semiconductor Chip Protection Act of 1984], Pub.
L. No. 100-159, 101 Stat. 899 (amending chapter 9, title 17, *United
States Code*, regarding protection extended to semiconductor chip
products of foreign entities), enacted November 9, 1987.

+ Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988, Pub. L. No. 100-568,102 Stat. 2853, enacted October 31, 1988. (See the Appendix for certainprovisions of this Act that do not amend title 17 of the *United StatesCode.*)

+ [Copyright Amendments], Pub. L. No. 100-617, 102 Stat. 3194(extending for an additional eight-year period certain provisions oftitle 17, *United States Code*, relating to the rental of soundrecordings and for other purposes), enacted November 5, 1988.

+ Satellite Home Viewer Act of 1988, title II of Pub. L. No. 100-667,102 Stat. 3935, 3949, enacted November 16, 1988.

+ Judicial Improvements and Access to Justice Act, Pub. L. No.100-702, 102 Stat. 4642, 4672 (amending Sec. 912, title 17, *United StatesCode*), enacted November 19, 1988.

  + Copyright Fees and Technical Amendments Act of 1989, Pub. L. No.
101-318, 104 Stat. 287, enacted on July 3, 1990.

  + Copyright Royalty Tribunal Reform and Miscellaneous Pay Act of 1989,
Pub. L. No. 101-319, 104 Stat. 290, enacted July 3, 1990.

  + Copyright Remedy Clarification Act, Pub. L. No. 101-553, 104 Stat.
2749, enacted November 15, 1990.

+ Visual Artists Rights Act of 1990, title VI of the JudicialImprovements Act of 1990, Pub. L. No. 101-650, 104 Stat. 5089, 5128,enacted December 1, 1990.

+ Architectural Works Copyright Protection Act, title VII of theJudicial Improvements Act of 1990, Pub. L. No. 101-650, 104 Stat. 5089,5133, enacted December 1, 1990.

+ Computer Software Rental Amendments Act of 1990, title VIII of theJudicial Improvements Act of 1990, Pub. L. No. 101-650, 104 Stat 5089,5134, enacted December 1, 1990.

  + Semiconductor International Protection Extension Act of 1991, Pub.
L. No. 102-64, 105 Stat. 320 (amending chapter 9, title 17, *United
States Code*, regarding protection extended to semiconductor chip
products of foreign entities), enacted June 28, 1991.

+ Copyright Amendments Act of 1992, Pub. L. No. 102-307, 106 Stat.264, 272 (amending title 17 of the *United States Code*, by deletingsubsection 108(i) in its entirety), enacted June 26, 1992.

  + Copyright Renewal Act of 1992, title I of the Copyright Amendments
Act of 1992, Pub. L. No. 102-307, 106 Stat. 264, enacted June 26, 1992.

+ [Copyright Amendments], Pub. L. No. 102-492, 106 Stat. 3145(amending Sec. 107, title 17, *United States Code*, regarding unpublishedworks), enacted October 24, 1992.

+ [Copyright Amendments], Pub. L. No. 102-561, 106 Stat. 4233(amending Sec. 2319, title 18, *United States Code*, regarding criminalpenalties for copyright infringement), enacted October 28, 1992.

+ Audio Home Recording Act of 1992, Pub. L. No. 102-563, 106 Stat.4237 (amending title 17 of the *United States Code* by adding a newchapter 10), enacted October 28, 1992.

+ North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act, Pub. L. No.103-182, 107 Stat. 2057, 2114 and 2115 (amending Sec. 109, title 17,*United States Code*, and adding a new Sec. 104A), enacted December 8,1993.

+ Copyright Royalty Tribunal Reform Act of 1993, Pub. L. No. 103-198,107 Stat. 2304 (amending, *inter alia*, chapter 8, title 17, *UnitedStates Code*), enacted December 17, 1993.

+ Satellite Home Viewer Act of 1994, Pub. L. No. 103-369, 108 Stat.3477 (amending, *inter alia*, Sec. 111 and Sec. 119, title 17, *UnitedStates Code*, relating to the definition of a local service area of aprimary transmitter), enacted October 18, 1994.

+ Uruguay Round Agreements Act, Pub. L. No. 103-465, 108 Stat. 4809,4973 (amending, *inter alia*, Sec. 104A, title 17, *United States Code*,and adding a new chapter 11), enacted December 8, 1994. (See theAppendix for the text of certain provisions of this Act that do notamend title 17 of the *United States Code.*)

+ Digital Performance Right in Sound Recordings Act of 1995, Pub. L.No. 104-39, 109 Stat. 336 (amending, *inter alia*, Sec. 114 and Sec. 115,title 17, *United States Code*), enacted November 1, 1995.

  + Anticounterfeiting Consumer Protection Act of 1996, Pub. L. No.
104-153, 110 Stat. 1386, 1388 (amending Sec. 603(c), title 17, *United
States Code* and Sec. 2318, title 18, *United States Code*), enacted
July 2, 1996.

+ Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1997, Pub. L. No. 104-197,110 Stat. 2394, 2416 (amending*, inter alia*, title 17 of the *UnitedStates Code*, by adding a new Sec. 121 concerning the limitation onexclusive copyrights for literary works in specialized format for theblind and disabled), enacted September 16, 1996.

  + [Copyright Amendments and Amendments to the Semiconductor Chip
Protection Act of 1984], Pub. L. No. 105-80, 111 Stat. 1529 (making
technical amendments to certain provisions of title 17, *United States
Code*), enacted November 13, 1997.

  + No Electronic Theft (NET) Act, Pub. L. No. 105-147, 111 Stat. 2678,
enacted December 16, 1997.

+ Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act, title I of Pub. L. No.105-298, 112 Stat. 2827 (amending chapter 3, title 17, *United StatesCode*, to extend the term of copyright protection for most works to lifeplus 70 years), enacted October 27, 1998.

+ Fairness in Music Licensing Act of 1998, title II of Pub. L. No.105-298, 112 Stat. 2827, 2830 (amending, *inter alia*, Sec. 110, title 17,*United States Code*, and adding Sec. 513 to provide a music licensingexemption for food service and drinking establishments), enacted October27, 1998.

+ Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Pub. L. No. 105-304, 112 Stat.2860, 2887 (title IV amending Sec. 108, 112, 114, chapter 7 and chapter8, title 17, *United States Code*), enacted October 28, 1998. (This Actalso contains four separate acts within titles I, II, III and V thatamended title 17 of the *United States Code.* These four acts are eachseparately listed below. See the Appendix for additional provisions ofthis Act that do not amend title 17 of the

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