Addresses: by John A. Martin. Delivered in Kansas.
The cover image was created by the transcriber and is placed in the public domain.
Those most familiar with the Governor’s office duringrecent years know what a busy place it is. Duringthe session of the Legislature it is not often that theGovernor has a rest of ten minutes, by day, and at nighthe is followed to his hotel and the solicitations often continueuntil midnight. Governor Martin usually reachesthe office at eight in the morning and remains until fiveor six, never going out for a lunch. During these hourshe sits and listens to the crowds of callers, dictates letters,and, rarely, reads or writes. With all of these personaldemands, entreaties, and importunities, the Governor notonly never neglects any caller, never loses his placid self-control,but even finds time to attend to many outsideaffairs in his own busy life and in the ceaseless activityof the restless Kansas life that surrounds us all. Thebusy man is the one who finds the most time; he losesnone.
Before coming to Topeka our Governor had passed allof his active life in a printing office or in the editorialroom. He began at the case, setting type, and has remainedin the same office, the Atchison Champion,—soonbuying the paper, and changing its form from a weekly toa daily when the growth of town and State demanded it.During the war he was the Colonel of the Eighth Kansas,4one of the youngest in the service, and one of the mostsuccessful. That is the only “rest” he has had since boyhood.But change is rest, and his election to the office ofChief Magistrate he appears to have enjoyed as a vacation;no cessation of labor, but great intellectual activityand real enjoyment.
The speeches and addresses in this volume are not theefforts of a man of leisure who is trying to see what hecan say and how handsomely he will say it. They areall hastily prepared; no corrections, no re-writing, no polishing.But they need no apology.
They are of and for Kansas by a man whose whole lifeand thought is wrapped up in Kansas. They are chaptersof Kansas history, and worthy of preservation. For thisreason they have been cut out of the newspapers in whichthey originally appeared and are now presented in permanentform. That they will be highly prized by our peoplethere is no doubt. Kansans are a reading and writingpeople; they are proud of their history, and they preserveall the records of the past. Governor Martin was oneof the founders of the State Historical Society, has beenits President, and if he did not have this spirit he wouldnot be a Kansan. The historical facts in this book willbe eagerly prized and gladly treasured. Governor Martinwas one of the Secretaries of the convention thatorganized the Republican party of Kansas, at Osawatomie;he was the Secretary of the convention that framed ourState Constitution; he was a member of the first StateSenate; he has been President of the Kansas and MissouriAssociated Press, and has long been Vice Presidentof the National Board of Soldiers’ Homes. Thus he hasbeen an active participant in the scenes and events thathe describes.
5The work was not intended as a history, but it aboundsin historical narratives, relating to war and peace; thepart played by our State during the great Rebellion; thegrowth of the State in population; its agriculture, andmanufactures; its schools and colleges; its civic andbenevolent organizations; in brief, illustrations of the full,eager life of our people—a picture of the Kansas of theseyears.
A century hence it will appear strange that all of thesethings took place in the life of one man, before he hadreached his fiftieth year. John Winthrop and WilliamPenn had no such story to tell of Massachusetts andPennsylvania. Those commonwealths became only clearingsin the wilderness during the lives of their founders.Future readers of these records will know the man revealedherein, his standard of manhood and patriotism,and the people who chose him as their leader. Theyloved courage and truth; they honored labor; they believedin education; coming to a desert, they plantedtrees and flowers and made it a garden; wayward andfeverish at first, they soon started the church and madea land of steady habits. And so our own children willread this book in their school libraries.
The most important address in the volume is the onedelivered when the State was a quarter of a century old.Its statistics will be of enduring interest. One of themost graphic is the Address at Wichita, describing thedifferent types of Kansas soldiers,—with its tribute tothe flag. The happiest literary effort is the picture ofan army on the march, in the speech to the LoyalLegion, at Topeka. The Scandinavian Address, deliveredat Lindsborg, was translated and printed in the Swedishpapers in this country and in Sweden. Probably no6other Kansas speech has enjoyed that distinction. Thespeech that has had the widest circulation and has donethe most good is the one entitled “Republicanism inKansas,” delivered in Topeka. It was called for all overthe Union, but especially in Texas, Tennessee and Michigan,where the friends of Prohibition were endeavoring tohave that principle placed in their State Constitutions.The most distinctive feature of Governor Martin’s administrationhas been the enforcement of the Prohibitory lawand the redemption of the State from the liquor traffic.
Should this book be read in any European country thereader will know just what Kansas is, and the greaterhis familiarity with the history of other lands and peoples,the greater will be his surprise and delight. Kansashas added a new page to the progressive history ofhumanity, and is still marching on.
PENNSYLVANIA AND KANSAS.
Address at a Reunion of the Pennsylvania Society of Atchison County,held at Atchison, March 1st, 1878.
Mr. President: The reunion of Pennsylvanians held in ourcity to-day is a meeting to be commended, not alone because itaffords opportunity for acquaintanceship among citizens nativeof the same State, and promotes social friendships among them,but because it is favorable to the development of that individualand National sentiment which, while reverencing birthplace andold home, has a still higher reverence and love for the broadcountry which stretches from ocean to ocean. Whether in Kansasor in Pennsylvania, the same brave old flag floats over us;our new home and our native State are parts of the same goodland; and the Union, which takes in its wide, and strong, andloving embrace the wheat-fields of Kansas and the coal-fields ofPennsylvania, is the dearer to us because away off there nearthe Atlantic are the graves of our forefathers, and here by theMissouri, half-way across the Continent, are our homes, ourwives, and our children.
Years ago, when the passions born of our Territorial troubleswere yet fiercely burning, I heard it said that Kansas was “thechild of Massachusetts.” The “Old Bay State,” it is true, contributedher full quota towards moulding that public sentimentwhose enthusiastic impulses sent so many immigrants to peopleour prairies, and her firm friendship for Free Kansas did verymuch to break down the intolerant domination of slavery withinour borders. The voice of Massachusetts, then as during theRevolution of our forefathers, was eloquent and courageous, and8her action swift, vigorous and determined. But Sam and JohnAdams, a century ago, had Benjamin Franklin and RobertMorris, representatives of the “Old Keystone State,” as theirmost efficient coadjutors, and so in the struggle which madeKansas free, the zeal, the courage, and the constancy of Pennsylvania’ssons were conspicuously illustrated.
If Kansas could properly be called the child of any State,she is the daughter of Pennsylvania. But Kansas is reallycosmopolitan. The blood of all States and all Nations runs inher veins. The East and the West, the North and the South,all sections and all nationalities have sent their sons anddaughters to swell her population and contribute to her development.There is a wonderful aggregation of peoples in thecitizenship of this young Commonwealth; and out of these hasgrown a remarkable community—a people homogeneous, yetdiverse; combining the sturdy independence, firm convictionsand all-conquering energy and industry of the North with theintense enthusiasm and fine courage of the South. It is difficultto estimate what the result of such fusing of bloods and temperamentswill be in the future, but I believe it will produce asstrong, intelligent and vigorous a manhood as this Continent orthe world ever saw.
I do not intend, however, to discuss physiological questions.This is Pennsylvania’s Day in our city, and I want to trace theconnection of Pennsylvania and her sons, as briefly as may be,with the history and development, political and material, ofKansas. But first let me ask, did any of you ever notice the strikingsimilarity in the appearance of the two States, Pennsylvaniaand Kansas, as shown upon the map? In size, shape and generaloutlines, this resemblance is remarkable. In no other two Statesof the Union is the conformation of outlines and appearance sonoticeable. Three sides of each, and the same three sides—north,south and west—are squarely cut, while the easternboundary of each is irregular and formed mainly by the courseof a river. Pennsylvania has a territorial area of 46,000 squaremiles, and is 315 miles east and west by 160 miles north andsouth. Kansas is a larger State, having a territorial area of81,000 square miles, and being 400 miles east and west by 200north and south. Both are longer, in about equal proportions,than they are wide.
9Perhaps the resemblance between the two States on the mapof our country—a resemblance as striking as that so often noticedin twin children—is the birth-mark which stamps them asof one blood and family, and accounts for the curious and interestingidentification of Pennsylvania’s sons with events in Kansas,during the whole of that exciting epoch when this State wasso prominent a figure in the history of the Nation.
And the relations of the two States have been indeed curiouslyinterwoven—so curiously that I wonder the facts have notattracted more general attention and remark. Less than a monthafter the bill organizing the Territory of Kansas had become alaw, Andrew H. Reeder, of Pennsylvania, was appointed the firstGovernor. At the first election ever held in the Territory, R. P.Flenniken, a Pennsylvanian, was the Free-State candidate forCongress. The first Free-State newspaper ever printed in Kansaswas published and edited by George W. Brown, a Pennsylvanian.The first great seal of Kansas was designed by GovernorReeder, and engraved by Robert Lovett, a Philadelphia artisan.John L. Dawson, a Pennsylvanian, was the second Governorappointed for Kansas, but he declined. The first Free-Statedelegate convention ever held in Kansas was presided over byGeorge W. Smith, a Pennsylvanian; and the resolutions adopted,constituting the first platform of the Free-State men, were mainlywritten by the deposed Governor Reeder. One of our first TerritorialJudges was J. M. Burrell, a Pennsylvanian. The conventionwhich set in motion the Free-State government organizedunder the “Topeka Constitution” had for its PresidentWilliam Y. Roberts, a Pennsylvanian; and at the election heldthat year, Andrew H. Reeder received a majority of the votescast as the Free-State candidate for Congress. William Y. Robertswas elected Lieutenant-Governor under the Topeka Constitution.Capt. George W. Bowman, a Pennsylvanian—long aresident of this city—at the peril of his life and property tookGovernor Reeder out of Kansas. Hon. Galusha A. Grow, ofPennsylvania, introduced the first bill in Congress to admitKansas into the Union under the Topeka Constitution.
The third Governor of Kansas, succeeding Governor Shannon,was John W. Geary, afterwards Governor of Pennsylvania.And he, like Governor Reeder, espoused the cause of the Free-Statemen before he had been in the Territory a week. He had10been here only four days,