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Chats on English China

Chats on English China
Title: Chats on English China
Release Date: 2018-05-09
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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CHATS ON ENGLISH CHINA


COMPANION VOLUME BY THE SAME AUTHOR

CHATS ON
ENGLISH EARTHENWARE

With Coloured Frontispiece and 150 Illustrationsand Tables of over 200 Illustrated Marks.

CONTENTS

CHAPTER
I.How to Collect: A Chapter for Beginners
II.Early Ware
III.English Delft
IV.Stoneware
V.Early Staffordshire Ware—Thomas Whieldon: HisContemporaries and Successors
VI.Salt-glazed Ware, Staffordshire
VII.Josiah Wedgwood
VIII.The School of Wedgwood
IX.Leeds and other Factories
X.Transfer-printed Ware
XI.Staffordshire Figures
XII.Swansea and other Factories
XIII.Lustre Ware
XIV.Late Staffordshire Ware
Index

CHATS ON
ENGLISH CHINA


BOOKS FOR COLLECTORS

With Frontispieces and many Illustrations.

CHATS ON ENGLISH CHINA.
By Arthur Hayden.

CHATS ON OLD FURNITURE.
By Arthur Hayden.

CHATS ON OLD PRINTS.
(How to collect and value Old Engravings.)
By Arthur Hayden.

CHATS ON COSTUME.
By G. Woolliscroft Rhead.

CHATS ON OLD LACE AND NEEDLEWORK.
By E. L. Lowes.

CHATS ON ORIENTAL CHINA.
By J. F. Blacker.

CHATS ON OLD MINIATURES.
By J. J. Foster, F.S.A.

CHATS ON ENGLISH EARTHENWARE.
(Companion volume to “Chats on English China.”)
By Arthur Hayden.

CHATS ON AUTOGRAPHS.
By A. M. Broadley.

CHATS ON PEWTER.
By H. J. L. J. Massé, M.A.

CHATS ON POSTAGE STAMPS.
By Fred. J. Melville.

CHATS ON OLD JEWELLERY AND TRINKETS
By MacIver Percival.

CHATS ON COTTAGE AND FARMHOUSE FURNITURE.
(Companion volume to “Chats on Old Furniture.”)
By Arthur Hayden.

CHATS ON OLD COINS
By Fred. W. Burgess.

CHATS ON OLD COPPER AND BRASS.
By Fred. W. Burgess.

CHATS ON HOUSEHOLD CURIOS.
By Fred. W. Burgess.

CHATS ON OLD SILVER.
By Arthur Hayden.

CHATS ON JAPANESE PRINTS.
By Arthur Davison Ficke.

CHATS ON MILITARY CURIOS.
By Stanley C. Johnson.

CHATS ON OLD CLOCKS AND WATCHES.
By Arthur Hayden.

CHATS ON ROYAL COPENHAGEN PORCELAIN.
By Arthur Hayden.

CHATS ON OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE.
(Companion volume to “Chats on Old Silver.”)
By Arthur Hayden.


BYE PATHS OF CURIO COLLECTING.
By Arthur Hayden.
With Frontispiece and 72 Full page Illustrations. 21s. net.

LONDON: T. FISHER UNWIN, LTD.
NEW YORK: F. A. STOKES COMPANY.


WORCESTER VASE.

From the Collection of the late Lady Charlotte Schreiberin the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Reproduced by permission of the Board of Education.


{v}

Chats on
English China

BY
ARTHUR HAYDEN
AUTHOR OF “CHATS ON ENGLISH EARTHENWARE,”
“CHATS ON OLD SILVER,” ETC.

Bloor Derby Teapot

WITH 150 ILLUSTRATIONS

T. FISHER UNWIN LTD
LONDON: ADELPHI TERRACE

{vi}


First Edition1904
Second Edition1906
Third Impression1907
Third Edition1909
Fifth Impression1910
Sixth Impression1912
Seventh Impression1917
Eighth Impression1919
Fourth Edition1920

(All rights reserved)

{vii}


TO
JOSEPHINE HAMILTON


{viii}

PREFACE TO FOURTH EDITION

A certain amount of necessary revision has beengiven to the volume.

The prices obtained at public auction for representativeexamples have been brought up to date,and ten new illustrations have been added.

ARTHUR HAYDEN.

September, 1920.


{ix}

PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION

This edition has been slightly revised and corrected.Throughout the volume many new illustrationsappear in place of those in the first edition, andtheir selection has been made in order to show moreclearly the characteristics of the china as dealt within the letterpress.

In addition to these, twenty new illustrations havebeen added, and I have to acknowledge my indebtednessto Messrs. Wedgwood & Sons, by whosecourtesy I am enabled to reproduce examples fromtheir museum at Etruria, and fine examples afterFlaxman, including specimens of dinner-ware whichare now being manufactured by the firm from the olddesigns by that artist.

I have similarly to acknowledge my obligation toMessrs. W. T. Copeland & Sons, of Stoke-upon-Trent(the successors of Spode), for several illustrations ofthe ware from their factory, and to Messrs. Mintonfor some fine specimens of their productions.

{x}

It is my hope that this improvement will makethe volume more useful as a practical working handbookfor the collector.

To the great number of enthusiasts who havewritten to me in connection with this volume andwith the Dilettante pages in the Lady’s Pictorial, Itender a grateful and appreciative acknowledgment.

ARTHUR HAYDEN.

March, 1906.

AUTHOR’S NOTE


In regard to English Earthenware, which appealsto a wide circle of collectors, I have, in response tomany readers who have written to me on the subject,prepared a companion volume to this, entitled“Chats on English Earthenware.” The subject istreated from a collecting point of view, and a largenumber of carefully selected photographic reproductionsof typical examples illustrate the letterpress.

Those who are interested in the outline sketchof English Earthenware given in the concludingchapters of this volume, and desire greater detail,will find a completer record in the companionvolume.

A. H.

January, 1909.


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BOW TEAPOT.

With leaf as spout, and grape-vine handle.

PREFACE

This little volume has been primarily written witha view to enable the possessors of old china todetermine the factories at which their ware wasproduced. A modest attempt has been made toshow that the china-shelf is a record of men’striumphs and failures, and the fantastic shepherdsand shepherdesses, lustrous bowls, queer printeddishes, and bizarre decorated jugs, may be regardedby a reflective mind as so many symbols representingsomething less perishable than the clay of thepotter.

These “Chats” originally appeared in the pagesof Our Home. In collecting them in volume formI trust that they will appeal to a wider circle ofreaders.

{xii}

Never was a greater interest taken in Art, andthe growth of popular literature has developed a tastefor objects of art in the home. The china-shelfis now regarded as worthy of keen and discriminatingstudy. Its treasures, often heirlooms, have beenbrought into the light of day, and amateur collectorscan now be numbered by thousands.

I am enabled to include a useful feature in thelist of prices obtained at recent sales, by kindpermission of the proprietors of the Connoisseur,whose “Sale Prices,” published monthly, is mostvaluable to the collector.

It is hoped that the Bibliography of works onchina and pottery may be of use to those who wish tostudy the subject more deeply, and a copious Indexwill prove useful for ready reference.

The “Chats” relating to Lustre Ware, OldEnglish Mugs, and Wedgwood are not upon Englishchina, but deal with earthenware; they are includedin the volume in order to increase its scope andusefulness.

My thanks are due to Mr. W. G. Honey, of Cork,for kindly allowing me to reproduce specimens fromhis collection which was exhibited at the CorkExhibition. I am indebted to Mr. A. MerringtonSmith, Fine Art Dealer, of Lowestoft, for informationconcerning the recent unearthing of moulds andfragments of china on the site of the old factory atLowestoft, a discovery of very great value. Bypermission of the Coalport Company I am givingspecimens of their modern productions and some oftheir marks not published before.

ARTHUR HAYDEN.


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CONTENTS

PAGE
PREFACExi
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONSxv
BIBLIOGRAPHYxxi
GLOSSARY OF TERMS USEDxxiii
CHAT
I. OLD DERBY1
II.CHELSEA CHINA27
III.THE BOW CHINA FACTORY49
IV.OLD WORCESTER67
V.PLYMOUTH AND BRISTOL CHINA91
VI.THE LOWESTOFT FACTORY111
VII.COALPORT133{xiv}
VIII.SPODE AND HIS SUCCESSORS149
IX.NANTGARW AND SWANSEA163
X.MINTON179
XI.OLD ENGLISH EARTHENWARE191
XII.LUSTRE WARE219
XIII.LIVERPOOL WARE235
XIV.WEDGWOOD247
INDEX279

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Frontispiece.
Worcester Vase. From the Collection of the late LadyCharlotte Schreiber in the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Chat I.—Old Derby.
PAGE
Bloor Derby Teapotv
Early Crown Derby Cup and Saucer3
Old Derby Marks7
Derby Figure Group9
Crown Derby Pastille-burner11
Crown Derby Mug and Saucer13
Bloor Derby Marks16
Crown Derby Vase and Bloor Derby Pastille-burner17
Later Derby Marks20
Chat II.—Chelsea China.
Chelsea Figure27
Figure of Carpenter29
Chelsea Vase in British Museum31
Chelsea Marks34
Chelsea Marks35
“Foundling” Vase38
Derby-Chelsea Marks39{xvi}
Chat III.—The Bow China Factory.
Bow Vase, with CoverFacing page 48
Bow Inkstand49
Bow Figure50
Bow Marks53, 54
Bow Plate and Teapot56
Bow Cups57
Bow Marks60
Chat IV.—Old Worcester.
Early Blue and White Worcester PlateFacing page 66
Old Worcester Transfer-printed Group67
Old Worcester Marks70
Old Worcester, King of Prussia Mug73
Worcester Dish77
Flight and Barr Marks78
Chamberlain Marks78
Kerr and Binns Marks79
Grainger, Lee and Co. Marks79
Scent-bottle (Chamberlain)80
Grainger, Lee and Co. Vases81
Chat V.—Plymouth and Bristol China.
White Porcelain GoatFacing page 90
Salt-cellar, Plymouth91
White Porcelain Dish, Plymouth94
Vase, Plymouth95
Plymouth Marks96
Bristol Porcelain97
Bristol Vase and CoverFacing page 98
Bristol Marks100
Bristol Cup and Saucer from Edmund Burke’s Service102
Bristol Vase103{xvii}
Chat VI.—The Lowestoft Factory.
Lowestoft, Panels of Dish (detail)111
Lowestoft Sauce-boats, with Fragment of Mould113
Blue and White Delft Marriage Plate114
Old Lowestoft Cups and Saucers117
Dated Lowestoft Mug118
Interior of Old Lowestoft Factory (Digging for Moulds)122
Toy Teapot and Cream Jug123
Dated Lowestoft Mugs and Jug125
Lowestoft Blue and White Jug128
Inkstand129
Chat VII.—Coalport.
Two-handled Cup, richly gilded133
Old Coalport—Covered Cup and Saucer135
Caughley, Old Blue Mug137
Early Marks139
Coalport Vase141
Coalport Marks142
Latest ditto143
Old Coalport Vase145
Chat VIII.—Spode and his Successors.
Copeland Vases149
Spode Plates151
Spode Pastille-burner152
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