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The Wisconsin Magazine of History, Volume 1, 1917-1918

The Wisconsin Magazine of History, Volume 1, 1917-1918
Author: Various
Title: The Wisconsin Magazine of History, Volume 1, 1917-1918
Release Date: 2018-05-18
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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VOL. I 1917-1918

THE
WISCONSIN MAGAZINE
OF HISTORY

Illustration: Printer's Logo

PUBLICATIONS OF THE
STATE HISTORICAL
SOCIETY OF WISCONSIN.

Edited by

MILO M. QUAIFE,

Superintendent

CONTENTS OF VOLUME I

LEADING ARTICLES: Page
Milo M. Quaife—Increase Allen Lapham, First Scholar of Wisconsin 3
John L. Bracklin—A Forest Fire in Northern Wisconsin 16
Louise P. Kellogg—Bankers’ Aid in 1861-62 25
Carl Russell Fish—The Frontier a World Problem 121
George Manierre—Early Recollections of Lake Geneva 142
Ole. K. Nattestad and Rasmus B. Anderson—Description of aJourney to North America 149
Cordelia A. P. Harvey—A Wisconsin Woman’s Picture of PresidentLincoln 233
Sipko F. Rederus—The Dutch Settlements of Sheboygan County 256
Lucius G. Fisher—Pioneer Recollections of Beloit and SouthernWisconsin 266
Charles A. Ingraham—Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth: First Hero ofthe Civil War 349
Charles Giessing—Where Is the German Fatherland? 375
Louise P. Kellogg—The Paul Revere Print of the Boston Massacre 377
DOCUMENTS:
The Dairy of Harvey Reid: Kept at Madison in the Springof 1861 35
The Chicago Treaty of 1833: Charges Preferred AgainstGeorge B. Porter: Letter from George B. Porter to PresidentAndrew Jackson 287
Some Letters of Paul O. Husting Concerning the PresentCrisis 388
HISTORICAL FRAGMENTS:
Wisconsin’s First Versifiers; Memorandum on the Spelling of“Jolliet”; The First Edition of the Zenger Trial, 1736;A Novel Transportation Device 64
The Disputed Michigan-Wisconsin Boundary; An Early WisconsinPlay 304
The Beginnings of Milwaukee; The Senatorial Election of 1869;“Koshkonong” and “Man Eater”; The Alien SuffrageProvision in the Constitution of Wisconsin 417
EDITORIAL:
Introducing Ourselves; Our State Flag; The Society and theLegislature; Nelson Dewey Park and the First WisconsinCapitol; Perrot State Park and John A. Latsch; ForestFires, Generally and in Particular; Consolation for thePresent Crisis 75
History Repeats Itself; Our Military Record; What of theFuture; An Appreciation and a Suggestion; Cannon Fodder 187
The Professor and the Finger Bowl; The Printing of HistoricalPublications; Is War Becoming More Horrible; SomeLeaves from the Past; The Development of Humanitarianism;Other Agencies; Some Facts and Figures; BraveryThen and Now; Schrecklichkeit 309
Increase A. Lapham and the German Air Raids; Save theRelics; The Newspapers; Removing the Papacy to Chicago 426
THE QUESTION BOX:
The Oldest Church in Wisconsin; The First Mills in the FoxRiver Valley; Colonel Ellsworth’s Madison Career; TheStory of “Glory of the Morning”; The Odanah Indian Reservation;First Exploration of Eastern Wisconsin; A CommunityChanges Its Name; How the Apostle Islands WereNamed; The Services of the Menominee in the BlackHawk War 87
Daniel Webster’s Wisconsin Investments; Names Proposedfor a New Town; Origin of the Word “Winnequah”; TheDiscovery of Lake Superior; The Potawatomi During theRevolution; Father Allouez Among the Kickapoo; TheIndian Tribes of Iowa 193
The First Settler of Baraboo; The Chippewa River During theFrench and British Régimes; The Career of Colonel G. W.Manypenny; Treaty Hall and Old La Pointe 319
COMMUNICATIONS:
Old Copperheads and New; A Presbyterian Objects 202
More Light on the Originator of “Winnequah”; A History ofOur State Flag 327
“Camouflage” and “Eatless Days” Two Hundred Years Ago;Daniel Webster’s Wisconsin Investments 432
SURVEY OF HISTORICAL ACTIVITIES:
The Society and the State 101, 206, 330, 435
Some Publications 111, 221, 340, 445
Some Wisconsin Public Documents 210, 337
The Wider Field 449
Frontispiece: INCREASE A. LAPHAM

INCREASE A. LAPHAM

VOL. I, NO. 1 SEPTEMBER, 1917

WISCONSIN MAGAZINE
OF HISTORY

Illustration: Printer's Logo

PUBLICATIONS OF THE
STATE HISTORICAL
SOCIETY OF WISCONSIN.

Edited by

MILO M. QUAIFE,

Superintendent

CONTENTS

PAGE
Increase Allen Lapham, First Scholar of Wisconsin Milo M. Quaife 3
A Forest Fire in Northern Wisconsin John L. Bracklin16
Bankers’ Aid in 1861-62 Louise P. Kellogg25
Documents:
The Diary of Harvey Reid: Kept at Madison in theSpring of 1861 35
Historical Fragments:
Wisconsin’s First Versifiers; Memorandum on theSpelling of “Jolliet”; The First Edition of theZenger Trial, 1736; A Novel Transportation Device 64
Editorials:
Introducing Ourselves; Our State Flag; TheSociety and the Legislature; Nelson Dewey Parkand the First Wisconsin Capitol; Perrot State Parkand John A. Latsch; Forest Fires, Generally and inParticular; Consolation for the Present Crisis 75
Question Box:
The Oldest Church in Wisconsin; The First Mills inthe Fox River Valley; Colonel Ellsworth’s MadisonCareer; The Story of “Glory of the Morning”; TheOdanah Indian Reservation; First Exploration ofEastern Wisconsin; A Community Changes ItsName; How the Apostle Islands Were Named; TheServices of the Menominee in the Black Hawk War 87
Survey of Historical Activities:
The Society and the State; Some Publications 101

Copyright, 1917, by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin

Pg 3

INCREASE ALLEN LAPHAM, FIRST SCHOLAROF WISCONSIN

By Milo M. Quaife

The most characteristic and comprehensive theme in allAmerican history is that of the westward movement. Fromthe time of the first feeble landings at Quebec, at Plymouth,and at Jamestown, the history of our country has beencharacterized by a steady westward surge of the population,reaching out eagerly for new lands to conquer, and in theprocess carrying the banner of civilization ever westwardand establishing successive new communities and states. Thepresent generation of students of American history has notbeen unmindful of the importance and interest which attachesto this westward movement, and has not failed to accord it,in the main, all due recognition. With the doings and desertsof our pioneer farm, canal, railroad, and city builders, ourhewers of wood and drawers of water, in a word, historianshave long made us familiar. Unfortunately, however, toolittle attention has been given, and too little recognitionaccorded, the equally important service of those among ourwestern pioneers who laid the foundations of our spiritualand intellectual civilization. That man may not live by breadalone was stated long ago on excellent authority. The hewingdown of the forests and breaking of the prairies, thebuilding of houses, highways, and cities were all essentialsteps in the process of transforming the wilderness into anabode of enlightened civilization. Equally essential was theestablishment of institutions of learning and religion, and thedevelopment of a taste for literature and art. The blossomingof these finer fruits of civilization inevitably tended tosweeten and refine the society of the pioneers, which otherwise,Pg 4engrossed in a stern physical struggle with the wilderness,must have become hard and gross in character.

Fortunate indeed is the pioneer community which numbersamong its settlers intellectual and spiritual leaders firedwith enthusiasm and endowed with ability. Fortunate it wasfor Wisconsin when in the very year of her birth as a territory,Increase Allen Lapham cast his lot for the remainderof his life with her. The service rendered by the intellectualaristocracy of pioneer Massachusetts and the other NewEngland colonies has long been accorded ample recognition.The valiant labors of Increase Lapham in the service of thestate of his adoption have largely gone unheeded and unrewardedto the present moment. Yet it is safe to predict thatwhen the future historian shall come to scan the record of thefirst half century of Wisconsin’s history as a territory andstate, he will affirm that no man brought greater honor toher or performed more valuable services in her behalf thandid the modest scholar, Increase Allen Lapham.

The frontier has ever been proud of its self-made men,esteeming chiefly, not who a man might be but rather what hewas able to do. Lapham was a true frontiersman in thisrespect at least, that he was a wholly self-made scholar. Hewas born in March, 1811, at Palmyra, New York, “two mileswest of the Macedon locks on the Erie Canal.” His father,Seneca Lapham, was an engineering contractor, the pursuitof whose profession necessitated frequent family removals.Thus, in 1818 the family was located at Pottsville, Pennsylvania,where the father was employed on the SchuylkillCanal; two years later he was back on the Erie Canal andthe family was residing for a second time at Galen, NewYork; the next few years witnessed further removals toRochester and Lockport in New York, and to several pointsin Ohio.

The boy, Increase Lapham, was evidently a precociousyouth. At thirteen years of age he “found frequent sale”Pg 5for his drawings of the plan of the locks his father hadassisted in constructing at Lockport. About this time hegained employment, first at cutting stone for the locks andthen as rodman on the canal. While engaged in stonecutting,he wrote in later years, “I found my first fossils andbegan my collection. The beautiful specimens I found inthe deep rock cut at this place gave me my first ideas ofmineralogy and initiated a habit of observation which hascontinued through all my life. I found amusement andpastime in the study of nature, leading to long walks in thecountry, and as I found no others of similar tastes theserambles were usually without companions.”

When fifteen years of age the youth followed his fatherto Ohio where he worked for a short time on the MiamiCanal, removing at the close of the year, 1826, to undertakesimilar employment at Louisville. At this time, apparently,he first attracted the attention of members of the world ofscholarship, for we find the renowned scientist, ProfessorSilliman of Yale, writing to thank him “for the liberal spiritwhich you manifest in encouraging a work designed to promotethe public good”—the work in question being theAmerican Journal of Science, of which Silliman was thefounder and editor. Within a few months the boy made hisfirst contribution to scholarship by sending to Silliman, forpublication in the American Journal of Science, a comprehensivedescription of the canal around the Ohio Rapids.

At this time he was only sixteen, and his opportunitiesfor schooling had been exceedingly scant. Yet his habitsof observation and his powers of reasoning and of expressinghimself in clear and convincing English might well be covetedby the average college undergraduate of today. A convenientillustration of these powers is afforded by Lapham’sjournal entry for October 24. 1827:

A smoky day. Mr. Henry, the engineer [of the canal], is of theopinion that the smoke occasioning our Indian summer, as the smokyweather is called, does not originate in the burning prairies in the West,Pg 6or in other extensive fires; but that it is from the decay of

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