The American Missionary — Volume 41, No. 11, November, 1887
THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY
|Free from Debt!||307|
|Death of President Washburn,||308|
|Negro “Aunt” and “Uncle,”||309|
|Young Men in the South,||310|
|Fred Douglass at the Gowden Gate,||311|
|The Use of a Life,||312|
|Forty-first Annual Report of the ExecutiveCommittee,||313|
|Review of the Year,||324|
PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.
Rooms, 56 Reade Street.
Price, 50 Cents a Year, in Advance.
Entered at the Post-Office at New York, N.Y., as second-class matter.
American Missionary Association.
[A]President, Hon. Wm. B. Washburn, LL.D., Mass.
|Rev. A. J. F. Behrends, D.D., N.Y.||Rev. F. A. Noble, D.D., Ill.|
|Rev. Alex. McKenzie, D.D., Mass.||Rev. D. O. Mears, D.D., Mass.|
|Rev. Henry Hopkins, D.D., Mo.|
Rev. M. E. Strieby, D.D., 56 Reade Street, N.Y.
Associate Corresponding Secretaries.
Rev. James Powell, D.D., 56 Reade Street, N.Y.
Rev. A. F. Beard, D.D., 56 Reade Street, N.Y.
H. W. Hubbard, Esq., 56 Reade Street, N.Y.
|Peter McCartee.||Chas. P. Peirce.|
|John H. Washburn, Chairman.||A. P. Foster, Secretary.|
|For Three Years.||For Two Years.||For One Year.|
|S. B. Halliday.||J. E. Rankin.||Lyman Abbott.|
|Samuel Holmes.||Wm. H. Ward.||A. S. Barnes.|
|Samuel S. Marples.||J. W. Cooper.||J. R. Danforth.|
|Charles L. Mead.||John H. Washburn.||Clinton B. Fisk.|
|Elbert B. Monroe.||Edmund L. Champlin.||A. P. Foster.|
Rev. C. L. Woodworth, D.D., 21 Cong’l House, Boston.
Rev. J. E. Roy, D.D., 151 Washington Street, Chicago.
|Financial Secretary for Indian Missions.||Field Superintendent.|
|Rev. Charles W. Shelton.||Rev. C. J. Ryder, 56 Reade Street, N.Y.|
Bureau of Woman’s Work.
Secretary, Miss D. E. Emerson, 56 Reade Street, N.Y.
Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to theCorresponding Secretaries; those relating to the collecting fields,to Rev. James Powell, D.D., or to the District Secretaries; lettersfor “The American Missionary,” to the Editor, at the NewYork Office.
DONATIONS AND SUBSCRIPTIONS
In drafts, checks, registered letters or post office orders maybe sent to H. W. Hubbard, Treasurer, 56 Reade Street, New York,or, when more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21Congregational House, Boston, Mass., or 151 Washington Street,Chicago, Ill. A payment of thirty dollars at one time constitutes aLife Member.
FORM OF A BEQUEST.
“I bequeath to my executor (or executors) the sum of ——dollars, in trust, to pay the same in —— days after my decease tothe person who, when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurerof the ‘American Missionary Association’ of New York City, to beapplied, under the direction of the Executive Committee of theAssociation, to its charitable uses and purposes.” The Will shouldbe attested by three witnesses.
AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.
With gratitude and thanksgiving to God and our friends, we arepermitted to announce that our treasurer has closed his books withthe balance on the right side. The receipts of the year coverall the expenses of the year, wipe out the debt of $5,000 withwhich the year began, and leave $2,193.80 with which to start outon the coming year. For this glorious result we are especiallyindebted to the magnificent rally of our friends in the month ofSeptember. The falling off in our receipts last February of about$9,000 as compared with the same month of the preceding year, andthe heavy deficit of July, in which we ran $17,000 behind, madethe outlook very dark indeed; but it has proved that it was thedeepening darkness before the light. As we are able to see it now,our friends settled down to the determination that the year wouldend right. They have done it. There was no excitement about it.They just kept on quietly planning and working and giving untilthey rolled up what was needed, and more. Not without sacrificein many instances. Our eyes have moistened, oftentimes, as weread the words accompanying the gifts. Indeed, in some instancesgladly would we have returned the contributions could we have doneit without offending the givers. We mention one instance, that ofa home missionary in the West, whose wife, by self-denial, hadsaved five dollars to have some long-needed work done. The personwho did the work, probably knowing the needy circumstances of thefamily, refused to keep the compensation, and returned it. Therewas only a single dollar in the possession of the home missionarywhen the five dollars were returned, and seventy-five cents of thatwere to be paid for a necessary bill in a day or two. Those fivedollars were sent to our treasury. The letter that brought the giftwas full of thanksgiving that the sender was able to aid us. Eventhis does not tell the story of the noble spirit that lay behindit all; for there came with the money the request that it shouldbe credited to the Congregational Church! This is only a singleexample. We could refer to a great many such. Large and small, thecontributions have been sent, from churches and individuals, fromrich and poor, from young and old, bearing the evidence of interestand sacrifice and work; and the result is, we have closed the yearfree from debt.
By this outcome we are again impressed with the strong hold thatthe American Missionary Association has upon the churches and theChristian public. They believe in it; they love it, and they meanto stand by it.
It is right, in this connection, that our friends should know thatthe Executive Officers of the Association have very earnestlyco-operated with them to secure this happy result. Appropriationshave been made after the most careful scrutiny. Economy has beenpracticed at every possible point. The knife has been applieduntil, in numerous instances, the quick has signaled its pain. Newwork, urgently inviting, has been refused. Regret and perplexityhave been experienced because of inability to meet what seemed tobe absolute necessities. We trust that during the coming year,while continuing to be no less careful than we have been, we maybe able to do some of the things that during the past year we wereobliged to leave undone. But we must beg our friends to rememberthat this can be only as our receipts are increased. The smallbalance with which we set out is not much to build upon. It will bequickly swallowed up in meeting claims that have been postponed.The outcome calls upon the friends of the Association to preparefor a year of more extended work and more liberal benefactions thanever before. The standard raised by the National Council in Chicagoshould be kept steadily in view—$350,000 from the churches for theprosecution of our work!
It is with profound sorrow that we record the death of our honoredPresident, Hon. Wm. B. Washburn. He was born in Winchendon,Mass., in 1820, and died in Springfield, Mass., Oct. 5. He wasattending the annual meeting of the American Board, of which hewas a corporate member. While sitting on the platform of the CityHall, in which the meeting was held, he quietly and suddenly andunexpectedly fell asleep in death. “He was not, for God took him.”
Mr. Washburn’s life was a most successful and honored one. Hegraduated from Yale College in 1844 with the Christian ministryin view, but being called to straighten out some entanglementsin a business firm that had become badly involved, he revealedsuch business capacity that his continued services were deemedindispensable. He settled in Greenfield, Mass., and built up alarge business in the manufacture of wooden-ware. He took anactive interest in everything that pertained to the welfare andprosperity of the town in which he lived. He became director of theleading bank in Greenfield and afterwards its President. He wasa director of the Connecticut Valley Railroad and several otherlocal corporations. Early in the war he was elected United StatesRepresentative, being complimented with the entire vote of hisdistrict. He was so popular no one was put in nomination againsthim. Five times he was sent to Congress by successive reëlection.Massachusetts elected him its Governor in 1871 by 27,000 majorityover John Quincy Adams. He resigned his seat in Congress to beinaugurated Governor in January, 1872. He was reëlected Governorfor two more terms and resigned his Governorship to fill out theunexpired term in the U.S. Senate caused by the death of CharlesSumner in March, 1884.
In 1881 he was elected President of the American MissionaryAssociation. His valuable services as presiding officer at theannual meetings, his wise counsels and wide influence, greatlyadvanced the interests of the Association.
His funeral, which was private, took place Saturday, Oct. 8th, athis residence in Greenfield. The Association was represented bySecretary Powell and Treasurer Hubbard, and Charles L. Mead, Esq.,of the Executive Committee. A life full of honors worthily andmodestly borne is ended here, but it still lives in the works thatdo follow and in the immortal life beyond the grave.
NEGRO “AUNT” AND “UNCLE.”
A correspondent of the Atlanta Constitution, who signs himself orherself “Georgia,” asks:
Editors Constitution: Why is it that so many of therespectable white people of this country claim blood affinitywith the Negro race by condescending to call them “aunt” and“uncle”? An “aunt” is a father’s or mother’s sister, an “uncle”is a father’s or mother’s brother. Now, why should a Negro bemade to believe that he is a blood relation of white familiesby calling them “aunt” and “uncle,” terms of the highest familyrespect? Is there any wonder that some Negroes think they areas good as a white man, when they are called by these endearingnames? The Negro is an imitator of the white man, and if we areto keep the races apart, let no such example be