The Project Gutenberg eBook, Peter Vischer, by Cecil Headlam
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Title: Peter Vischer
Author: Cecil Headlam
Release Date: June 30, 2018 [eBook #57428]
Character set encoding: UTF-8
***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK PETER VISCHER***
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|Note:||Images of the original pages are available through Internet Archive. See https://archive.org/details/petervischer00head|
- Transcriber’s Note:
The cover image was created by the transcriber and is placed in the public domain.
THE PAVEMENT MASTERS OF SIENA. Workers inGraffito. By R. H. Hobart Cust, M.A.
PETER VISCHER. Bronze Founder. By Cecil Headlam, B.A.
THE IVORY WORKERS OF THE MIDDLE AGES. By A. M. Cust.
STEIN PHOTO.] [FROM A DRAWING IN POSSESSION OF T. A. STEIN, NÜRNBERG
1. PORTRAIT OF PETER VISCHER
THE Germans have by nature the gift ofworking in metal, and, among them, in therealms of bronze, Peter Vischer stands easily first.His position as a craftsman may, in fact, be comparedwith that held by his contemporary andfellow citizen, Albert Dürer, as an artist. Thehistory of his works and of those of his house,have a peculiar interest to the student of art, inasmuchas they illustrate the gradual but easilytraceable passage of the German craftsmen fromthe style of late Gothic to that of complete neo-paganism,and, from the school of the Northernpainters and sculptors to that of the great Italianmasters successively.
I speak of the works of Peter Vischer “and hishouse,” because, in tracing this development, wehave to take into consideration not only his worksbut also those of his father Hermann and of hissons, Hermann and Peter and Hans. The pendulumof criticism has indeed swung more thanonce since the Emperor Maximilian used to visitPeter Vischer’s foundry in Nuremberg, and thequestions as to what are actually the works of theMaster and what position is to be assigned tohim in the world of art, have been answered inmore ways than one. For many years, owingpartly to the ignorance of most people, and partlyvino doubt to the greed of the few, the tendencywas to attribute to this one famous craftsman theworks of many. At one time almost any work ofart in bronze to be found throughout the lengthand breadth of Germany was attributed to PeterVischer, just as a Talleyrand or a Sydney Smithhas had witticisms of every date and every qualityfathered upon him.
From unreasoning praise, again, men passed toequally undiscriminating disparagement. Heideloffarose and wished the world to see in Peter Vischernothing but the mere craftsman who put intobronze the designs and models of Adam Krafftor another. The admirable labours of Retberg,however, and of Dr. Lübke have shown how littlefoundation there is for this view, and, more recently,by the application of the principles of moreexact art-criticism, Dr. Seeger, in his minute andloving study of Peter Vischer the younger, hasvindicated the claim of the great craftsman’s sonto rank with, or even above, his father as the firstand greatest exponent of Renaissance plastic-workin Germany.
To the two latter authors I have been continuallyand especially indebted whilst writing thepresent monograph. For the use of very many ofthe illustrations forming the volume to which Dr.Lübke contributed the text, my best thanks andacknowledgements are due to the publisher, HerrStein, of Nuremberg.
|List of Illustrations||ix|
|I.||Hermann Vischer and the Early German Bronze-Work||1|
|II.||Peter Vischer: His Life||9|
|III.||The Early Works of Peter Vischer||20|
|IV.||The Shrine of St. Sebald||36|
|V.||The Tomb of Maximilian||64|
|VI.||The Tucher Monument and the Nuremberg Madonna||72|
|viiiVII.||The Minor Works of Peter Vischer the Younger||86|
|VIII.||The Tomb of Elector Frederick the Wise, and the Rathaus Railing||101|
|IX.||The Fall of the House of Vischer||119|
|X.||The Importance of the Works of the Vischers||130|
|Catalogue of the Works of the Vischers||133|
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
|1.||Portrait of Peter Vischer||Frontispiece|
|2.||Peter Vischer, the Craftsman St. Sebald, Nürnberg||13|
|3.||Tomb of Archbishop Ernst Cathedral, Magdeburg||23|
|4.||Tomb of Archbishop Ernst Cathedral, Magdeburg||27|
|5.||St. Maurice Krafft House, Nürnberg||29|
|6.||Monument of Count Hermann VIII. Church, Römhild||31|
|7.||Tomb of St. Sebald St. Sebald, Nürnberg||43|
|8.||St. Peter St. Sebald, Nürnberg||46|
|9.||St. Sebald St. Sebald, Nürnberg||47|
|10.||St. Sebald Punishes an Unbeliever St. Sebald, Nürnberg||55|
|11.||St. Sebald Healing the Blind Man St. Sebald, Nürnberg||57|
|12.||St. Paul St. Sebald, Nürnberg||59|
|13.||St. Bartholomew St. Sebald, Nürnberg||61|
|14.||Theodoric, King of the Goths Tomb of Maximilian, Innsbruck||68|