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On Molecular and Microscopic Science, Volume 2 (of 2)

On Molecular and Microscopic Science, Volume 2 (of 2)
Title: On Molecular and Microscopic Science, Volume 2 (of 2)
Release Date: 2018-07-22
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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ON
 
MOLECULAR AND MICROSCOPIC SCIENCE
 
VOLUME THE SECOND

LONDON: PRINTED BY
SPOTTISWOODE AND CO., NEW-STREET SQUARE
AND PARLIAMENT STREET

iiFig. 118, p. 107.

GALEOLARIA LUTEA.

[Frontispiece to Vol. II.

iiiON
MOLECULAR
AND
MICROSCOPIC SCIENCE
BY MARY SOMERVILLE
AUTHOR OF ‘THE MECHANISM OF THE HEAVENS’ ‘PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY’
‘CONNECTION OF THE PHYSICAL SCIENCES’ ETC.
Deus magnus in magnis, maximus in minimis—St. Augustine
In Two Volumes—Vol. II.
WITH ILLUSTRATIONS
LONDON
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET
1869
The right of translation is reserved
v

CONTENTS
 
OF
 
THE SECOND VOLUME.

PART III.
ANIMAL ORGANISMS.
SECT. PAGE
 
I. FUNCTIONS OF THE ANIMAL FRAME 1
 
II. PROTOZOA 13
 
III. HYDROZOA ZOOPHYTES 81
 
IV. ANTHOZOA ZOOPHYTES 119
 
V. ANNULOSA, OR WORMS 144
 
VI. ECHINODERMATA 169
 
VII. THE CRUSTACEA 188
 
VIII. CIRRIPEDIA 213
 
IX. BRYOZOA, OR POLYZOA 218
 
X. TUNICATA, OR ASCIDIANS 222
 
XI. MOLLUSCA 229
 
INDEX 253
vi

ILLUSTRATIONS
 
TO
 
THE SECOND VOLUME.

FIG.   PAGE
118. Galeolaria lutea (Voght) frontispiece
86. Amœba princeps 14
87. Actinophrys sol 17
88. Acanthometra bulbosa       to face 19
89. Eucyrtidium cranoides     (Haeckel)[A] frontispiece to vol. i.
90. Dictyopodium trilobum       to face 20
91. Podocyrtis Schomburgi 20
92. Aulocantha scolymantha       to face 21
93. Actinomma drymodes     (Haeckel) to face 21
94. Haliomma echinaster       to face 21
95. Simple Rhizopods 22
96. Gromia oviformis 26
97. Various forms of Foraminifera 28
98. Simple disk of Orbitolites complanatus 34
99. Animal of Orbitolites complanatus 34
100. Rosalina ornata (Voght) to face 41
101. Section of Faujasina 45
102. Interior of the Operculina 46
103. Section of Sponge 59
104. Paramœcium caudatum 69
105. Kerona silurus 69
106. Noctiluca 73
107. Vorticellæ 76
108. Acineta 77
109. Thread-cells and darts 82
110. Hydra fusca 84
111. Syncoryna Sarsii with Medusa-buds 90
112. Thaumantia pilosella 92
vii113. Otolites of magnified Thaumantias 93
114. Development of Medusa-buds 95
115. Rhizostoma 98
116. Cydippe pileus and Beroë Forskalia 102
117. Praya diphys     (Voght)[B] to face 103
118. Galeolaria lutea     frontispiece
119. Apolemia contorta     to face 108
120. Physophora hydrostatica     109
121. The Physalia 112
122. Velella spirans (Voght) 115
123. Alcyonian polypes, highly magnified 120
124. Polype of Alcyonidium elegans 120
125. Spicula of Alcyonium digitatum 121
126. Red coral branch 126
127. Red coral greatly magnified 127
128. Tubipora musica 130
129. Actinian polype 131
130. Lobophylla angulosa 135
131. Nervous system of Leech 151
132. Foot of Naïs 152
133. Terebella conchilega 154
134. Pushing poles of Serpula 155
135. Foot of a Polynoë 160
136. Brachionus pala 163
137. Common Rotifer 167
138. Section of shell of Echinus 177
139. Sucker-plate of Sea-Egg 179
140. Section of a sucker-plate 179
141. Spine of Echinus miliaris 181
142. Pluteus of the Echinus 181
143. Larvæ of Echinus in various stages of development 182
144. Skeleton of Synapta 185
145. Wheel-like plates of Chirodota violacea 186
146. Ear of Crab 191
147. Section of a Crab 193
148. Young of Carcinus mœnas in various stages of development 195
149. Lucifer, a stomapod crustacean 200
150. Female Cyclops 205
151. Cypris 207
152. Section of Daphnia pulex 208
153. Balanus culcatus 213
154. Tentacles or feet of the Balanus 214
viii155. Section of Lepas anatifera 215
156. Development of Balanus balanoïdes 216
157. Lepas 217
158. Cells of Lepraliæ 219
159. Cellularia ciliata and Bugula avicularia 220
160. Magnified group of Perophora 222
161. Highly magnified Perophora 223
162. Ascidia virginea 225
163. Salpa maxima 227
164. Young of Salpa zonaria 227
165. Cardium or Cockle 230
166. Foot of Cockle 231
167. Section of shell of Pinna transversely to the direction of its prisms 233
168. Membranous basis of the shell of the Pinna 233
169. Section of nacreous lining of the shell of Avicula margaritacea (pearl oyster) 234
170. Tongue of Helix aspersa 237
171. Palate of Trochus zizyphinus 237
172. Granulated Trochus 238
173. Tongue of Limpet 238
174. Whelk 240
175. The Crowned Eolis 240
176. Tongue-teeth of Eolis coronata 241
177. Hyalæa and Clio 243
178. Clione borealis 243
179. Cuttle
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