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The American Missionary — Volume 36, No. 4, April, 1882

The American Missionary — Volume 36, No. 4, April, 1882
Author: Various
Title: The American Missionary — Volume 36, No. 4, April, 1882
Release Date: 2018-07-29
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Date added: 27 March 2019
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VOL. XXXVI. APRIL, 1882. NO. 4THEAmerican Missionary“THEY ARE RISING ALL ARE RISING, THE BLACK AND WHITE TOGETHER”NEW YORK:Published by the American Missionary Association,Rooms, 56 Reade Street.Price, 50 Cents a Year, in Advance.Entered at the Post-Office at New York, N.Y., as second-class matter.


A Financial Appeal 97
Paragraphs 98
An Old-Time Midnight Slave Funeral (cut) 99
Paragraphs 100
Death of Edgar Ketchum 100
Governmental Aid To Common Schools, by Rev. C. C. Painter 101
Benefactions‒General Notes‒Africa, Indians, Chinese 103
Worthy of Record 104
Church, Home and School, Wilmington, N.C. (cut) 105
A Week among the Workers‒at Atlanta, Ga.; Talladega, Ala.; Fisk University; Le Moyne Institute, New Orleans, La.; San Francisco; Hampton, Va. 106
Revival in Central Church and Straight University, New Orleans 113
How the Freedmen Children Do It 114
Church at Little Rock, Ark.; Church at Luling, Tex. 115
Rev. Mr. Ladd at Khartoum 115
Ching Ling’s Passport, by Mrs. Harriet A. Cheever 117

American Missionary Association,


President, HON. WM. B. WASHBURN, Mass.


Rev. M. E. STRIEBY, D.D., 56 Reade Street, N.Y.


H. W. HUBBARD, Esq., 56 Reade Street, N.Y.


Rev. C. L. WOODWORTH, Boston. Rev. G. D. PIKE, D.D., New York.

Rev. JAMES POWELL, Chicago.


relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to theCorresponding Secretary; those relating to the collecting fields,to the District Secretaries; letters for the Editor of the“American Missionary,” to Rev. G. D. Pike, D.D., at the New YorkOffice.


may be sent to H. W. Hubbard, Treasurer, 56 Reade Street, New York,or, when more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, Rev. C.L. Woodworth, Dist. Sec., 21 Congregational House, Boston, Mass.,or Rev. James Powell, Dist. Sec., 112 West Washington Street,Chicago, Ill. A payment of thirty dollars at one time constitutes aLife Member. Letters relating to boxes and barrels of clothing maybe addressed to the persons above named.


I bequeath to my executor (or executors) the sum of ‒‒dollars, in trust, to pay the same in ‒‒ days after my decease tothe person who, when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurerof the ‘American Missionary Association’ of New York City, to beapplied, under the direction of the Executive Committee of theAssociation, to its charitable uses and purposes.” The Will shouldbe attested by three witnesses.

The Annual Report of the A. M. A. contains the Constitution of theAssociation and the By-Laws of the Executive Committee. A copy willbe sent free on application.



American Missionary.

APRIL, 1882.
No. 4.

American Missionary Association.


In the last number of the Missionary we stated that ourreceipts for the four months of the fiscal year to January 31 hadbeen $83,893.39, or an advance over last year of only 19 per cent.,instead of $100,000, or the advance of 23 per cent. asked for atthe Annual Meeting.

Special calls for finishing new buildings, useless unless finished,necessary repairs on old buildings, etc., compelled us to makeappropriations to the amount of the 23 per cent., but the fallingoff in anticipated receipts left a deficit of $16,107.

We had hoped that February would show an improvement, but, withregret, we are compelled to say that the receipts for that monthare about $1,000 less than for February, 1881. We needed $125,000to meet the total demands due February 28, and our receipts at thatdate are $100,045.97, a deficiency of about $25,000.

To us there is the choice between a debt and retrenchment;with our patrons, whose servants we are, is the opportunity ofrelief. We dare not make a debt; we are held to this by our pledgeto our friends, and by our past bitter experience. Retrenchmentis a distressing alternative. It will check the progress alongthe whole line of our work. The increased receipts of the pasttwo years have given to the colored people a new impulse of hopeand activity. New buildings have been erected, schools have beenenlarged, new churches formed, and the spirit of self-help has beenawakened in an unwonted degree in the schools and the churches.Retrenchment will check all this. Years may be required to regainit. Importunate calls for the continuance of the extended workcrowd upon us, and denial must create discouragement, and this willbe intensified by the disasters of the late floods. To a strugglingpeople, such a drawback is an incalculable evil. In their behalf weappeal‒yes, earnestly and importunately we appeal‒to our friendsto come forward to their aid promptly and generously.


We give place in this number of the Missionary tocommunications relating to a week’s work among the workers, whichwe believe will be of special interest to our readers.

Rev. A. E. Winship, of Somerville, Mass., who was the author ofthe first concert exercise in behalf of the American MissionaryAssociation, has just prepared a second exercise on the samesubject. The exercise can be had gratuitously, with Jubilee Songsto accompany it, on application to Rev. C. L. Woodworth, 21Congregational House, Boston, Mass. We can assure Sunday-schoolsand churches that the exercise is one of the best, and that its usecan hardly fail to awaken new interest in the concert.

On another page will be found a very interesting letter fromMr. Ladd, giving an account of a rebellion among the tribes inthe vicinity of Khartoum that threatens to hinder his progress.A letter of more recent date says that he and Dr. Snow haverelinquished the hope of reaching Fatiko at present, but that theyhave made arrangements with the Government for passage on one ofits smaller steamers that will enable them to visit the region ofthe Sobat. Our explorers manifest both caution and courage, and wecommend them to the prayers of God’s people.

A Northern man now resident in Florida, and always, both North andSouth, a warm friend of our work among the colored people, afterreading in our notice of the Nashville Conference, the appeal foranother Theological Seminary further South, gives the whole matternot only a most cordial, but practical, indorsement by pledginghimself “to be one of ten or twenty or fifty to contribute $1,000each to make a beginning in the good work.” With thanks to ourfriend for his liberality, we send forth the question, Where arethe nine, the nineteen or the forty-nine?

“In those portions of the South where the plantations were largest,and the slaves the most numerous, they were very fond of buryingtheir dead at night, and as near midnight as possible. In caseof a funeral, they assembled from adjoining plantations in largenumbers, provided with pine knots and pieces of fat pine calledlightwood, which, when ignited, made a blaze compared with whichour city torchlight processions are most sorry affairs. Whenall was in readiness, they lighted these torches, formed into aprocession, and marched slowly to the distant grave, singing themost solemn music. Sometimes they sang hymns they had committed tomemory, but oftener those more tender and plaintive, composed bythemselves, that have since been introduced to the people of theNorth and of Europe as plantation melodies. The appearance of sucha procession, winding through the fields and woods, as revealed bytheir flaming torches, marching slowly to the sound of their wildmusic, was weird and imposing to the highest degree.”‒From “In theBrush,” by Rev. H. W. Pierson, D.D.[99]

An old-time midnight slave funeral.


Two or three second-hand communion sets will be very gratefullyreceived by as many of our needy young churches in the South.Churches at the North changing from their present to better willplease take note.

There were twins in this country. One was slavery and the otherpolygamy. One is dead and the other is threatened as never before.This Association is proud of the part it took in the extinction ofthe former. It now extends its heartiest sympathies to those whoare determined upon the destruction of the latter.

A postal from one of our schools at the South says: “We receivedrecently a good-sized box of books and only a few of anyvalue. Latin books of ancient date, German, French, Spanish,and Patent Office Reports are of no use to us. Please ask ourfriends not to send such, as they are only a bill of expense.”We have had, heretofore, to make statements of this sort in theMissionary. We are always thankful for the liberality ofour friends, but we invoke their discretion in giving.

The Congregational Year Book, just issued by our British brethren,is a document well worthy of study on this side of the water.Besides the usual statistics of ministers and churches, it makesmention of 19 colleges, 31 new schools, 37 missionary and othersocieties, 41 Congregational institutions, 48 periodicals,published by Congregationalists. It also gives the statistics of 16non-conformist institutions, one of which is a Ministers’ SeasideHome‒a species of benevolence that would be invaluable to ourmissionary laborers at the South. The record of so much enterpriseand work qualifies the reader to appreciate Dr. Henry Allon’seloquent and powerful discourse on “The Church of the Future,”which is printed in the same volume.

The death of Edgar Ketchum, Esq., which occurred March 3, removesfrom us a philanthropist and Christian; it diminishes the rapidlythinning ranks of earnest Christian Abolitionists, and it takesone who had long been an officer of the American MissionaryAssociation. Mr. Ketchum was admitted to the bar in 1834; in1841 he was made Commissioner of Public Funds for this State; in1861 he was appointed by President Lincoln Collector of InternalRevenue for the Ninth District of New York; and in 1867 he was madea Register in Bankruptcy by Chief-Justice Chase, which positionhe held till the time of his death. Mr. Ketchum early identifiedhimself with the anti-slavery cause, and was ardent and constant inhis endeavors to promote it. His house was fired by the rioters in1863. He was for a long time President of the Board of Managers ofthe House of Refuge, on Randall’s Island, to whose interest he gaveuntiring and uncompensated time and attention. He was[101] Treasurer ofthis Association from 1865 to 1879, a position of responsibilityand supervision, but not of active duty, and without salary. Hewas

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