The History of Duelling. Vol. 2 (of 2)
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HISTORY OF DUELLING:
OF THE MOST
REMARKABLE PERSONAL ENCOUNTERS
THAT HAVE TAKEN PLACE FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE PRESENT TIME.
J. G. MILLINGEN, M.D. F.R.S.
AUTHOR OF “CURIOSITIES OF MEDICAL EXPERIENCE,” ETC.
IN TWO VOLUMES.
RICHARD BENTLEY, NEW BURLINGTON STREET,
Publisher in Ordinary to Her Majesty.
PRINTED BY SAMUEL BENTLEY,
Bangor House, Shoe Lane.
THE SECOND VOLUME.
DUELS IN GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND.
|Personal Combats introduced into England by the followers of William the Conqueror.—Modification of the barbarous practice of Trial by Battle.—The Law of England with regard to Duels.—Legal Opinions on the subject by the greatest Authorities||Page 1|
|Case of Morgan.—Case of Richard Taverner.—Early Challenges.—Combats prevented by Regal and Judicial Interference.—Challenge of the Duke of Brunswick by the Duke of Lancaster—and of the Duke of Norfolk by the Duke of Hereford||5|
|Meeting between the Earl of Salisbury and the Bishop of Salisbury, for the right of the Castle of Old Sarum.—Desuetude of the Trial by Battle.—Instance of, in the reign of Elizabeth,—and in the Court of Chivalry in 1631.—Case of Thornton and Ashford, in 1818.—The barbarous and superstitious practice abolished||6|
|ivDuels in the Reign of James the First.—Lord Bacon’s Speech in the Star-Chamber Court.—His determination to make no distinction between a Coronet and a Hatband in his efforts to repress the practice.—Instances of the chivalric notions of the Times.—Lord Herbert of Cherbury’s Challenge to De Guise.—Fatal Duel between Sir Hatton Cheek and Sir Thomas Dutton.—Between Lord Sanquair and a Fencing-master.—Desperate Duel between two Noblemen||9|
|Cause of the rarity of Duelling during the Civil Wars.—Cromwell’s Ordinance for punishing and preventing the practice.—Purgation by Single Combat in 1631.—Case of Lord Rea.—Fatal Duel between the Earl of Dorset and Lord Bruce at Antwerp.—Between Duke Hamilton and Lord Mohun.—Bill brought into the House of Commons for the Prevention of Duelling.—Lord Mohun’s Trial for the Murder of Montford the Player||21|
|Duel, in 1662, between Mr. Jermyn and Colonel Rawlins.—Lord Chancellor Clarendon challenged by Lord Ossory.—Scuffle between the Duke of Buckingham and the Marquess of Dorchester.—Meeting in Covent-garden between Sir Henry Bellasses and Mr. Porter.—Duel between the Earl of Shrewsbury and the Duke of Buckingham—and between their seconds, Sir John Talbot and Sir J. Jenkins.—Sir William Coventry committed to the Tower by the King for sending a challenge to Buckingham.—Anecdote illustrative of the profligacy of the times.––Quarrel of Ambassadors regarding precedency||38|
|Quarrel between Beau Fielding and Fulwood.—Duel between Dr. Mead and Dr. Woodward.—Between Dr. Williams and Dr. Bennet.—Between Ensign Sawyer and Captain Wrey.—Between Mr. Paul and Mr. Dalton.—Prevalence of general frays.—Riot of about a hundred “gentlemen” in Windmill-street with swords and canes.—Clubs of desperadoes.—Proclamation to suppress them||46|
|vDuel between Major Oneby and Mr. Gower.—Sentence of death passed on the Major.—Endeavours of Addison and Steele to check the rage for duelling.—Duel between Sir Cholmondeley Dering and Mr. Thornhill.—Addison’s account of the “Hum-drum and Mum clubs.”—Anecdote.—Duel between Steele and a brother officer in the Coldstream Guards.—Letter from an officer of the Guards declining a meeting.—Anecdote related by Horace Walpole illustrative of the manners of the day||52|
|Duel between Lord Byron and Mr. Chaworth.—Reflections thereon.—Duel between Lord Talbot and John Wilkes.—Between Mr. Wilkes and Mr. Martin.—Between Mr. Wilkes and Mr. Forbes||60|
DUELS DURING THE REIGN OF GEORGE THE THIRD.
|Reflections on the frequency of Duelling during this long reign||84|
|Duel between Lord Kilmaurs and a French officer, at Marseilles, May, 1765||92|
|—— two Officers on Kennington Common, 1765||94|
|—— Mr. Henry Flood and Mr. Agar, 1769||94|
|—— George Garrick and Mr. Baddeley, 1770||94|
|—— Lord Milton and Lord Poulett, January 29, 1771||95|
|—— Mr. M’Lean and Mr. Cameron, 1772||95|
|—— Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Esq. and Mr. Matthews, 1772||96|
|—— Lord Townshend and the Earl of Bellamont, Feb. 2, 1773||98|
|—— Mr. Scawen and Mr. Fitzgerald, Sept. 1, 1773||99|
|—— Mr. Whately and Mr. Temple, December 11, 1773||99|
|—— Captain Stoney and the Rev. Mr. Bate, Jan. 13, 1777||101|
|—— Count Rice and Viscount Du Barry, Nov. 23, 1778||102|
|—— a Lieutenant Colonel and a Lieutenant of Militia, Aug. 25th, 1779||103|
|vi—— the Hon. Charles James Fox and Mr. Adam, Nov. 30, 1779||104|
|—— Counsellor R.—— and ——, Nov. 1779||107|
|—— the Earl of Shelburne and Colonel Fullarton, March 22, 1780||108|
|—— Mr. Donovan and Captain Hanson, April, 1780||111|
|—— the Rev. Mr. Bate and Mr. R——, Sept. 1780||112|
|—— the Rev. Mr. Allen and Mr. Dulany, June 26, 1782||113|
|—— Mr. Riddell and Mr. Cunningham, April 21, 1783||116|
|—— Captain I—— and Colonel P——, June 6, 1783||118|
|—— the Hon. Colonel Cosmo Gordon and Lieutenant Colonel Thomas, Sept. 4, 1783||119|
|—— Mr. Munro and Mr. Green, Oct. 17, 1783||120|
|—— Lieutenant Harrison and Mr. Van Burensham, October, 1783||120|
|—— Sir J. Lowther and Sergeant Bolton, April, 1784||121|
|—— an Officer of the Navy and a German Officer, August, 1784||121|
|—— Captain Brises and Captain Bulkley, February, 1785||122|
|—— Lieut. F—— and Mr. Gordon ——, March, 1785||122|
|—— Lord Macartney and Mr. Sadleir, April, 1785||123|
|—— the Earl of A—— and Mr. F. M. June 19, 1785||124|
|—— Comte de Gersdorff and M. Le Favre, July, 1785||124|
|—— Lord William Murray and Mr. Waugh, November, 1785||125|
|—— Lieutenant Gamble and Lieutenant Mollison, January, 1786||125|
|—— Lord Macartney and Major-General Stewart, June 8, 1786||126|
|—— Mr. Hutchinson and Lord Mountmorris, May, 1787||128|
|—— the Chevalier La B—— and Captain S——, June, 1787||129|
|vii—— Sir John Macpherson and Major Browne, Sept. 10, 1787||129|
|—— Mr. Keon and Mr. Reynolds, Jan. 31, 1788||130|
|—— His Royal Highness the Duke of York and Colonel Lennox, May, 1789||131|
|—— Captain Pellew and Lieut. Northey, June, 1789||134|
|—— Captain Tongue and Captain Paterson, June 19, 1789||134|
|—— Colonel Lennox and Theophilus Swift, Esq. July 1, 1789||135|
|—— Mr. Curran and Major Hobart, April 1, 1790||135|
|—— Sir George Ramsay and Captain Macrae, April 15, 1790||136|
|—— Mr. Stephens and Mr. Anderson, Sept. 21, 1790||138|
|—— Captain Harvey Aston and Lieutenant Fitzgerald, June 25, 1790|
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