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Decisive Battles of America

Decisive Battles of America
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Title: Decisive Battles of America
Release Date: 2018-09-14
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From a drawing by Howard Pyle
[See p. 105
WATCHING THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL

DECISIVE BATTLES
OF AMERICA

BY

ALBERT BUSHNELL HART, THOMAS WENTWORTH HIGGINSON,
CLAUDE HALSTEAD VAN TYNE, GEORGE PIERCE GARRISON,
Rear-Admiral FRENCH ENSOR CHADWICK, U.S.N. (Retired),
JAMES K. HOSMER, J. H. LATANÉ, RICHARD HILDRETH,
BENSON J. LOSSING

AND OTHERS

EDITED BY
RIPLEY HITCHCOCK

ILLUSTRATED

NEW YORK AND LONDON
HARPER & BROTHERS PUBLISHERS
MCMIX


Copyright, 1909, by Harper & Brothers.
All rights reserved.
Published October, 1909.


iii

CONTENTS

PAGE
Introduction xi
CHAPTER I
Territorial Concepts
European Contests Affecting America and a Summary of American Expansion 1
By Albert Bushnell Hart, LL.D., Professor of History in Harvard University. Author of “National Ideals Historically Traced” and Editor of “The American Nation.”
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, in the history of Colonial America, between the Landing of Columbus, 1492, and Champlain’s Battle with the Iroquois, 1609.
CHAPTER II
A Fight for Life
The Hundred Years’ War Between Early Colonists and the Indians 14
By Thomas Wentworth Higginson. Author of “A History of the United States.”
Champlain’s Battle with the Iroquois, 1609 27
By Reuben Gold Thwaites, LL.D.
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between Champlain’s Battle with the Iroquois, 1609, and the Conquest of the Pequots, 1637.
CHAPTER III
The Conquest of the Pequots, 1637 32
By Richard Hildreth. Author of “The History of the United States of America.”
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between the Conquest of the Pequots, 1637, and the Defeat of King Philip, 1676.
CHAPTER IViv
The Defeat of King Philip, 1676 44
By Richard Hildreth.
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between the Defeat of King Philip, 1676, and the Capture of Quebec, 1759.
CHAPTER V
The Fall of Quebec, 1759 63
By Reuben Gold Thwaites, LL.D., Librarian of the Wisconsin State Historical Society. Author of “France in America.”
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between the Capture of Quebec, 1759, and the Battle of Bunker Hill, 1775.
CHAPTER VI
I. Causes of the American Revolution, 1775–1783 79
II. The Outbreak of War, 1775
By Claude Halstead Van Tyne, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of American History in the University of Michigan. Author of “The American Revolution.”
CHAPTER VII
The Battle of Bunker Hill, 1775 102
By Benson J. Lossing. Author of “The Pictorial Field-book of the Revolution.”
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between the Battle of Bunker Hill, 1775, and the Battle of Saratoga, 1777.
CHAPTER VIII
The Battle of Saratoga, 1777 120
By Richard Hildreth.
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between the Battle of Saratoga, 1777, and the Battle of Yorktown, 1781.
CHAPTER IXv
I. Yorktown and the Surrender of Cornwallis, 1781 145
II. The Results of Yorktown
By Claude Halstead Van Tyne, Ph.D.
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between the Battle of Yorktown, 1781, and the Battles on the Lakes, 1813, 1814.
CHAPTER X
The Battle of Lake Erie, 1813 157
By James Barnes. Author of “Naval Actions of the War of 1812.”
CHAPTER XI
The Battle of Lake Champlain, 1814 173
By James Barnes.
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, in the history of the United States, between the Battle of Lake Champlain, 1814, and the War with Mexico, 1846–1847.
CHAPTER XII
The Rupture with Mexico, 1843–1846 183
I. The Approach of War
II. Conquering a Peace, 1846–1848
By George Pierce Garrison, Ph.D., Professor of History in the University of Texas. Author of “Westward Extension.”
CHAPTER XIII
The Battle of Buena Vista, 1847 198
By John Bonner.
CHAPTER XIV
Scott’s Conquest of Mexico, 1847 208
Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, Contreras, Churubusco, Molino Del Rey, Chapultepec, the Occupation Of the City of Mexico
By John Bonner.
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between the Conquest of Mexico, 1847, and the Bombardment of Fort Sumter, 1861.
CHAPTER XVvi
Fort Sumter, 1861 232
I. Drift toward Southern Nationalization
II. Status of the Forts
III. The Fort Sumter Crisis
IV. The Fall of Fort Sumter
By French Ensor Chadwick, Rear-Admiral U. S. N. (Retired). Author of “Causes of the Civil War.”
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between the Bombardment of Fort Sumter, 1861, and the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimac, 1862.
CHAPTER XVI
The Battle of the “Monitor” and the “Merrimac” 274
I. A Prelude to the Peninsular Campaign of April to June, 1862
By James Kendall Hosmer, LL.D. Author of “The Appeal to Arms” and “The Outcome of the Civil War.”
II. The Story told by Captain Worden and Lieutenant Greene of the “Monitor” 279
By Lucius E. Chittenden. Author of “Recollections of Lincoln.”
CHAPTER XVII
Farragut’s Capture of New Orleans, 1862 288
With some Notes on the Blockade
By James Kendall Hosmer, LL.D.
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between Farragut’s Capture of New Orleans, 1862, and the Battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg, 1863.
CHAPTER XVIII
Vicksburg, January–July, 1863 295
By James Kendall Hosmer, LL.D.
CHAPTER XIX
Gettysburg, July 1–3, 1863 306
By James Kendall Hosmer, LL.D.
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between the Battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg, 1863, and Appomattox, 1865.
CHAPTER XXvii
The Last Scene—Appomattox, 1865 329
Told by One Who Was Present
By Gen. G. A. Forsyth, U. S. A. (Retired). Author of “Thrilling Days in Army Life.”
Synopsis of the principal events, chiefly military, between Appomattox, 1865, and the Battles of Manila Bay and Santiago de Cuba, 1898.
CHAPTER XXI
The Battle of Manila Bay, 1898 347
CHAPTER XXII
The Battles of Santiago, 1898 357
I. The First Period of the Spanish-American War in the West Indies
II. The Land Campaign
III. The Destruction of Cervera’s Fleet
IV. The Spanish Surrender
V. Controversies Caused by the War
By John Halladay Latané, Ph.D., Professor of History, Washington and Lee University. Author of “America as a World Power.”
Index 379

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