Engineer Port Repair Ship
WAR DEPARTMENT TECHNICAL MANUAL
WAR DEPARTMENT . OCTOBER 1944
RESTRICTED. DISSEMINATION OF RESTRICTED MATTER.—Theinformation contained in restricted documents and the essentialcharacteristics of restricted material may be given to any personknown to be in the service of the United States and to persons ofundoubted loyalty and discretion who are cooperating in Governmentwork, but will not be communicated to the public or to the pressexcept by authorized military public relations agencies. (See alsopar. 23b, AR 380-5, 15 Mar 1944.)
United States Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D. C., 31 October 1944.
TM 5-362, Engineer Port Repair Ship, is published for the informationand guidance of all concerned.
[A.G. 300.7 (13 Sep 44).]
By order of the Secretary of War:
G. C. MARSHALL,
Chief of Staff.
J. A. ULIO,
The Adjutant General.
As prescribed in paragraph 9a, FM 21-6:
Armies (10); Corps (10); SvC (10); Depts (10); IB 5 (10); IBn 5 (5);IC 5 (20) (10), 55 (2); T of Opn (CG) (10); T of Opn (Engr) (25).
IB 5: T/O 5-510S.
IBn 5: T/O 5-535S.
IC 5 (20): T/O 5-500, Engr Sv Orgn—Engr Port Rep Ship Crew NC; EngrPort Rep Ship Crew NF.
IC 5 (10): T/O 5-52.
IC 55: T/O 55-47; 55-110-1; 55-116; 55-117; 55-177.
Distribution to European Theater of Operation will not be made.
For explanation of symbols, see FM 21-6.
Purpose and scope
Relationship to other units
|II.||ORGANIZATION AND DUTIES OF PERSONNEL.|
Duties of personnel
Ship maintenance and repair
|III.||SHIP SPECIFICATIONS, EQUIPMENT, AND SUPPLIES.|
Equipment for ship operation
Supplies for ship operation
Equipment for performing mission
Supplies for performing mission
|IV.||TRAINING OF SHIP’S CREW.|
Condition of captured ports
Operations of port repair ship in a captured port
1. PURPOSE AND SCOPE. This manual is a general referenceon engineer port repair ship crew units. It covers their mission,organization, equipment, training, and operations. It stresses the useof the ships and describes their equipment.
2. MISSION.a. Engineer port repair ship crews are military units organizedto assist in the opening and rehabilitation of captured ports. Theyoperate from engineer port repair ships which are ocean-going steamor Diesel-powered vessels. (See fig. 1 and sec. III for the ships’specifications.)
b. In performing this mission, a port repair ship crew mightbe required to assist in removing obstructions and debris from harborentrances, harbors, docks, and areas alongside wharves, quays, andpiers; repair underwater structures; make and repair parts for damagedport facilities and equipment; and salvage cargos and small craft.Large salvage operations are a naval function and are handled by theNavy’s salvage ships.
3. RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER UNITS.a. Port construction and repair groups. The engineer port repairship operates as the offshore arm of the port construction and repairgroup (FM 5-5) and is under the group commander’s authority.
(1) The group’s mission is to return captured ports to operatingcondition. It repairs such port facilities as power and water-supplyplants, communications, wharves, docks, warehouses, and cargo-handlingequipment. (See fig. 2.)
(2) Usually, the engineer port repair ship is the first large vesselto enter the port; it carries in supplies and equipment to help theport group start its work. Some of this equipment such as portablegenerators, pneumatic drills, paving breakers, hammers, and saws, maybe put ashore and used by the group’s personnel. In addition, thefacilities of the various shops on the ship are used for making orrepairing parts for damaged port machinery and equipment.
b. Transportation Corps. After the harbor has been cleared,the engineer port repair ship may be called on to assist harbor craftunits of the Transportation Corps in heavy towing or cargo-handlingoperations.
c. Navy. Naval minesweepers precede the engineer port repairship into the harbor, clear the harbor of mines, and report dangerousareas to the engineer port repair ship.
ORGANIZATION AND DUTIES OF PERSONNEL
4. ORGANIZATION. The engineer port repair ship crew iscomposed of specialists. The classifications include master mechanic,electrician, boatswain, diver, radio operator, Diesel mechanic,welder, blacksmith, cook, and able-bodied seaman. The crew consists ofcommissioned officers, warrant officers, and enlisted men. (See fig. 3.)
5. DUTIES OF PERSONNEL.a. General. Members of the crew are assigned to one of foursections: deck, engine, operating, or headquarters. However, allpersonnel must be trained to assist in performing tasks besides thosespecifically assigned. For instance, additional deckhands may beneeded in bad weather or in making fast to a wharf, or extra riggersmay be required to move heavy materials or load or unload equipment orsupplies.
b. Ship’s master. The ship’s master is responsible foreverything done by his ship and crew. He must be a technical specialistas well as a military leader. His principal responsibilities are:
(1) Safe navigation and efficient handling of his ship at all times.
(2) Direction of operations in carrying out the ship’s mission.
(3) The condition and appearance of his ship.
(4) Administrative duties and the discipline and morale of his crew.
c. Deck section. Crew members of the deck section are primarilyresponsible for:
(1) Sea-detail duties specified by the deck officer.
(2) Outward appearance of the ship. This includes painting, rustprevention, and general ship-shape condition.
(3) Handling lines in mooring and docking.
(4) Navigation of the ship.
(5) Weighing or dropping anchor.
d. Engine section. The engine section operates, maintains, andrepairs the ship’s main and auxiliary engines, compressors, pumps,generators, motors, and electrical systems.
e. Operating section. The personnel of the operating section areunder the supervision of the salvage officer and are responsible for:
(1) All diving operations, including underwater inspections,construction, repairs, and demolitions.
(2) Operation and maintenance of machine, welding, blacksmith, pipe,and carpenter shops.
(3) Clearing harbor areas of debris and obstructions and restoringnavigational aids.
f. Headquarters section. This section is responsible for generaladministrative, housekeeping, and radio-communication duties aboardship. These duties include operation and supply of the ship’s galleyand cold-storage compartments, and supply and storage of all food,silverware, clothing, and linens.
g. Attached armed guard. A Navy gun crew operates and maintainsthe ship’s antiaircraft (AA) armament. (See par 7e.) Each member of thegun crew takes his turn at standing watch.
6. SHIP MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR. The ship’s crew is responsiblefor maintenance of the vessel, its engines, and all machinery, withinthe limits of the vessel’s tools and spare parts and the ability of thecrew. Higher echelons of maintenance, including routine overhauls, arerequested through higher authority. As a guide to maintenance requiredof the ship’s crew, all personnel will familiarize themselves withchapter 4, “Keeping Shipshape,” FM 55-130.
ORGANIZATION OF ENGINEER PORT REPAIR SHIP CREW1
| COMMANDING | | ATTACHED NAVAL |
| OFFICER |->| ARMED GUARD2 |
| (SHIP’S MASTER) | | ENSIGN |
+--------+--------+ | GUNNERS |
| | SIGNALMEN |
| | |
+------------+------------+ | +-----------+-------------+
| DECK SECTION | | | ENGINE SECTION |
| · FIRST MATE | | | · CHIEF ENGINEER |
| · SECOND MATE | | | · FIRST ASS’T ENGINEER |
| · THIRD MATE | | | · SEC’ND ASS’T ENGINEER |
| · BOATSWAIN | | | · THIRD ASS’T ENGINEER |
| · SHIP’S CARPENTER | | | · MARINE FIREMEN |
| · QUARTERMASTER | | | (STEAM VESSEL) |
| · SEAMEN | | | · MARINE OILERS |
+-------------------------+ | | (DIESEL VESSEL) |
| OPERATING SECTION | | H’DQ’T’RS SECTION |
| · SALVAGE OFFICER | | ADMINISTRATION |
| · CHIEF DIVER | | · FIRST SERGEANT |
| · MASTER MECHANIC | | · CLERK |
| · FOREMAN, MACHINE SHOP | | · ORDERLY |
| · DIVERS | | · RADIO OPERATORS |
| · DIVERS’ TENDERS | | MEDICAL |
| · BLACKSMITH | | · SERGEANT |
| · ELECTRIC MOTOR | | MESS & SUPPLY |
| REPAIRMAN | | · MESS SERGEANT |
| · MECHANICS |