An Address Given in to the Late King James by the Titular Archbishop of Dublin
Transcriber’s Note: Original spelling has been preserved.
Given in to the
Late King James,
The General Meeting of the Romish Bishops andClergy of Ireland, held in May last, by that King’sOrder.
Wherein several Things relating to the Popish Designsupon these Three Kingdoms, are discovered.
The Original whereof was found in the late KingJames’s Closet, in the Castle of Dublin, at hisleaving that City: And the Copy whereof wasfound in the Titular Archbishop’s Lodgings.
Now Publish’d with Reflections on each Paragraph.
Printed for Ric. Baldwin, in the Old Baily, 1690.
To the Late King JAMES,
Titular Archbishop of Dublin, &c.
That the late KingJames was induc’d by theEmissaries of Rome, totrample upon the Lawsand Liberties of the Subjectsof these Three Kingdoms,there is no bodywho enjoys the use of their Reason, can deny.But tho we felt every day new Invasionsmade upon our Religion by the sameParty of men under the Covert of the RoyalPower and Prerogative (as they call’d it); yetthere are to this very day, a certain increduloussort of men, who have the folly to tellus, That King James had never the least Designto alter the Religion of these Kingdoms, or to introducePopery.
Among a Thousand Instances to prove thatKing James’s great Design was the utter extirpationof the Protestant Religion, and the Restitution(as the Papists call it) of the Catholick one,There has of late one come to light, whichsets the Affair in a Meridian light, beyondall possibility of doubting; which Instance,and the occasion of its coming to be known,is as follows.
The Late King upon his arrival in Irelandfrom France, did make as considerableSteps to overturn the Protestant Religionand Interest in that Kingdom, as the shorttime he was there, and the Decorum he wasto carry towards the few Protestants who adher’dto him, could possibly admit of. Agreat many Laws made for the safety of theEnglish Protestants, and for keeping out theIrish from the possessions they had by so manyRebellions justly forfaulted, were rescinded:And, which was next to giving thefinal Blow to the Protestant Interest in thatKingdom, King James, in his Irish pretendedParliament, had formally removed the FundamentalCharter, by which the Protestantspossest their Estates; I mean, the Act ofParliament of Ireland, called, The Act of Settlement:So it seem’d, there wanted scarceany more to be done, to restore Popery andPapists for good and all in Ireland.
But all this was not able to satisfie thefiery Zealots of the Church of Rome, whomnothing could please, but a thorough work, asthey named it. The Irish Popish Bishops meettogether in the Titular Archbishop of Dublin’sLodgings; and with them, The Provincials ofall the Religious Orders: And having unanimouslyagreed to the following Address orMemorial to be presented to the late King,then in Dublin, they present it to him in afull Body. That King James received thisAddress very kindly, was visible in his mannerof treating the Persons that presentedit. He told them, They had never any reasonto doubt of his Zeal for the Catholick Religion;and of his willingness to sacrifice all that was dearto him upon that account. And that he wouldwithin a few days acquaint my Lord Archbishopof Dublin, with his Resolutions and Answerto their Address.
What Answer King James returned, wehave not yet been able to learn. But theMemorial it self was found in that King’sCloset, after his leaving Dublin; and anotherCopy of the same, in the Archbishop’s Lodgings.
The Memorial it self deserves to be hereinserted word by word, as it is in the Originalfound in King James’s Closet: And it maynot be impertinent to make some short Reflectionson each Paragraph, as they lye inorder.
The Memorial runs thus.
As we are very sensible of Your MajestiesGreat Zeal to Establish the RomanCatholick Religion in this Your Kingdomof Ireland, and own our selves extremelythankful and beholding to Your Majesty forYour Gracious Declaration to us upon thatSubject; So pursuant to Your MajestiesDirections and Encouragement, we hereinmost humbly offer the means that to us seemmost efficacious for the due Accomplishingthereof.
Here is a fair acknowledgment of a Designto establish the Roman-Catholick Religion inIreland, which they expresly say, King Jameshad declared to them, and had previous theretogiven them Directions and Incouragement about it.One would think, The Titular Archbishop ofDublin, and the rest of the Gang, needed fewDirections to go about so meritorious aWork as the Establishment of the CatholickReligion: But it seems King James his Zealhas outgone even theirs in this point. Hehas not only given them Directions about it,but incourag’d them in it. And we know theword Incouragement, is a very entensive one;as including not only promises to assist, butmeans and power to bring about. And we haveno reason to doubt, but King James, thoughhe thought not himself oblig’d to keep hisword so often given to English Hereticks; yetHe would not fail to merit Heaven, by keepingfirm with those People He imagin’dhad power to lock Heaven against him incase of a failure. And here by the by, Ithink it but just, His Confessor should absolvehim from the obligation of his Promiseto the Titular Archbishop of Dublin, and therest of them, since the entire Ruine of hisAffairs in Ireland, has put him out of capacityto keep his word to them.
Imprimis, The usual and right Method forto compass any End or Design, is first of allto remove the Chief Obstacles that offerthereunto; Wherefore, inasmuch as the PenalLaws, particularly the Statute of Uniformity,and other like, were originally devisedand enacted to abolish the Roman-CatholickReligion, and will continue to bethe main hindrance of its advancement;We humbly conceive that to re-establish thesame Roman-Catholick Religion in thisKingdom, as Your Majesty graciously intends,it is in all Conscience and Justice anAct of indispensible necessity to repeat thoseaforesaid Penal Laws so thoroughly repugnantto the Honour and true Worship ofGod, and to the Salvation of Souls.
What a Barrier the Penal Laws are againstPopery here, the Papists themselves do witness;And what an Eye-sore they are to them,they fairly enough insinuate by their earnestnesswith King James, in this Paragraph,to have them Repeal’d. Here it is we havereason to admire and praise the wise andhappy Conduct of the Church of England inthe late Reign, who would not be impos’dupon to take off these Laws, which the Papistsas well as they, knew to be a firm barrieragainst Popery, and a sure fence for securingthe Protestant Religion; Whateverother glosses were put upon them by someof that time. This does sufficiently free thatChurch from the imputation of wilfulnessand moroseness thrown upon them by theirEnemies upon the account of their Refusalin this matter: since the Papists themselvesacknowledge in the above-mentioned Paragraph,That these Laws were originally enactedto abolish the Roman-Catholick Religion, and tobe the main hinderance of its advancement. Andindeed they must have been very blind, thatdid not see through the Designs of the lateReign, in their Intriegues of repealing theseLaws: And it were a great Reflection uponthe Wisdom of the Dissenters, to thinkthey had any other thoughts of the Court-Designsat that time, or that they could bebrought to imagine, there was any realkindness meant towards them, either in theToleration granted them, or in the Insinuationsmade them to take off the PenalLaws. For there was no Party of menmore odious to the Papists, than the Dissenters,notwithstanding of all the Caresses madethem, merely to juggle them into their ownRuine, and the Ruine of the Church ofEngland.
IIdly, whereas Almighty God of his DivineProvidence has placed Bishops in hisChurch, bought and redeemed by the Priceof his most Precious Blood, for to rule andgovern the same, and for to enlighten thePeople into the true and only way of Salvation,as is apparent in Holy Writ; Itfolloweth by an unavoidable consequence,that it is not only conducive, but also absolutelyrequisite for the establishment of thisRoman-Catholick Church in its due lustreand decorum in this Kingdom; That thePrelates and other Clergy thereof, be restoredto their Livings, Churches, and full exerciseof their Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, withoutwhich it is not to be expected that they canprevail to repress the Vices most swaying inthis Age, and make the Christians improvethemselves with more serious application inthe observance of God’s Law, and in thewholsome practice of Piety and Virtue: Forwe find by Experience, that the People now-a-days,generally speaking, will not muchheed or regard the Exhortations or Threatningsof their Ghostly Directors, when theysee them reduced to so low an ebb of Indigence,as to depend of themselves for theirspiritual Power and Authority.
In the last Reign we were industriouslytold over and over again, by the Late King’sEmissaries, That there was never any thingof a Design to invade the Livings or Revenuesof the Church, or of applying of themto any body else, but those of the Church ofEngland. Here the Mask is taken off, andthe true Design of appropriating the Revenuesof the Church, to the use of the Roman-Catholicksalone, is downright confest. Thiswas really design’d long before: And we hadBishops consecrated by the Pope, for almostall the Bishopricks of England and Ireland: Butthe Affair was not ripe enough to installthem in their Livings. These Bishops bythe Canon-Law, and by the acknowledgmentof all the Lawyers of Rome, Had an undoubtedlegal Right to the Revenues of their Titular Bishopricks,and that immediately upon their beingnominated by the Pope: Likeas the ProtestantBishops were but Usurpers and illegal Possessorsof those Revenues, if we believe RomishCasuists. Now they put King James inmind of his gracious Declaration to them uponthat Subject; And they must have their Footin, and the new Possessors (as they take theProtestants to be) must be set a packing forgood and all. At the end of this Paragraph,our Irish Bishops and Provincials, do formallycontradict their so much cry’d-up Vow of Poverty;And tell us plainly, That the People willnot have regard to the Advices of their Ghostly Directors,when they see them reduced to so low an ebbof indigence, as to depend of themselves for theirspiritual Power and Authority. Here they plainlyinsinuate, that Poverty is obstructive of thePeoples profiting by their directions; And thenceit is, They must have the Livings of theClergy restor’d to them, to give a greaterlustre to their spiritual Power and Authority. Atthis rate, the Clergy of the first three Centuries,and the Mendicant Orders of their ownChurch of Rome, must have very little successin their Ministerial Functions, since theyof old did absolutely depend, and these newOrders do yet, upon the sole Charity of thePeople.
IIIdly, Though it may, perhaps seem tosome Politicks, that this Restoring the Roman-CatholickReligion and Clergy here totheir Livings, Churches, Jurisdiction andPrivileges, may be inconsistent at presentwith the Prospect of Your Majesty’s Affairsin England, and may alienate the Affectionsof the Protestants there, from giving a helpinghand, as may be expected, towards YourMajesty’s Restauration; yet, with submission,we conceive that this Objection carriesmore seeming than solid Reason; for whendid it ever prove successful to Your Majesty,or to any of Your Royal Predecessors, so farto humour the Protestants of England in Concernsof this nature relating to the Glory ofGod, and good of Souls? What return didthey make in these latter times to Your Majesty’smanifold Condescentions and Indulgencesto them? Did not they, even theirChief Clergy, bring in Foreign Power to invadeYour Throne, without regarding theLoyalty and Allegiance they swore untoYou? Moreover, if those Protestants, Laityand Clergy of England, or any of them, benow turn’d really Loyal, and well-affectedto Your Majesty; surely they will not inany reason be displeased, or grudge, that inthis Your Catholick Kingdom, always Loyal,Your Majesty should establish, as aforesaid,the Roman Religion, as also the Clergythereof, who always preach and teach Loyaltyand Obedience to their King, to be anessential Maxim of the Religion and Law ofGod. Neither will the said Protestants uponthat consideration of Your Majesty’s GraciousRestoring the Roman-Catholick Religionand Clergy as desired, flinch off, or desistfrom co-operating to Your Majesty’s Restauration,no more than the Irish Roman-Catholickshave done, when deprived of their Estates,and