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The American Bee Journal, Volume XXXIII, No. 2, January 11, 1894

The American Bee Journal, Volume XXXIII, No. 2, January 11, 1894
Author: Various
Title: The American Bee Journal, Volume XXXIII, No. 2, January 11, 1894
Release Date: 2018-12-19
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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Established in 1861 THE AMERICAN Oldest Bee-Paper in AmericaBee Journal
Weekly, $1 a Year. } Devoted Exclusively—To Bee-Culture. { Sample Copy Free. VOL. XXXIII. CHICAGO, ILL., JAN. 11, 1894. NO. 2.



The Weather, up to Jan. 5th, herein Chicago, has been more like fall thanwinter. Reports seem to indicate that beesare wintering well, so far.

Mr. John Hager, Jr., of Arabi,La., has sent us a box of specimens ofhoney-plants now in bloom in his locality,among them white clover and golden-rod.We wish to thank Bro. Hager for his kindness,as it is something unusual for us tosee blossoms of honey-plants in the monthof January. Louisiana, as well as theother States in our Sunny Southland, oughtto be a Paradise for the bee-keeper and hisbees. Doubtless it only needs a little morepush and energy to wonderfully developthe bee-industry in that region of almostperpetual sunshine and blossoms.

Gleanings in Bee-Culture forJan. 1st, 1894, appeared with a few very niceimprovements. The principal one is theproposed “leading” of the reading matter—thatis, putting strips of lead or metal betweenthe lines, so that they will be furtherapart. This paragraph is “leaded,” while“The Stinger’s” department in the BeeJournal is “solid,” as printer’s say.

This “leading,” Bro. Root says, will reducethe amount of reading in Gleaningsabout one-fifth, and as Bro. Hasty, in theReview for March, 1893, figured that theBee Journal then contained over 16.000more words of bee-reading per month thanGleanings, hereafter the Bee Journal will bemore than ever at the head of the list inquantity of bee-matter published; and as toquality of contents—well, we can safelyleave that to our subscribers, whether ornot it is up to standard.

Bro. Root has also put in some nice newdepartmental headings, which, with the“leading” of the type, give to Gleaningsan exceedingly neat and tasty appearance.

☞ It is hardly necessary for me to saythat the Italians are my choice amongall the bees that I have ever seen, eitherfor comb honey or for extracted.—Doolittle.

Bro. Pringle, of Canada, who had incharge the Ontario honey exhibit at theWorld’s Fair last summer, left for homeon Dec. 21st. He had been in Chicago eversince April 6th, being the first apiariansuperintendent to reach the Fair grounds,and the last to leave.

The day before departing for his Canadianhome, Bro. Pringle kindly called tobid us “good-bye,” at the same time bringingwith him, for “ye editor,” a quart jarof fine clear extracted honey, as a mementofrom Bro. McEvoy, Ontario’s popular FoulBrood Inspector; also a pound jar of honeyfrom Mr. D. Chalmers, of Poole, Ont.; and,besides, a beautiful one-pound section ofhoney as a slight remembrance from Bro.P. himself. We want to thank all thesefriends for their “sweet” expressions ofgood-will, and assure them that we very40gratefully appreciate their kindness andthoughtfulness.

We expect soon to give our readers apicture of Ontario’s magnificent honey exhibitat the Fair, with full description ofthe same.

The Wisconsin Honey Exhibit.—Atthe annual meeting of the WisconsinState Bee-Keepers’ Association, in February,1893, Mr. Franklin Wilcox, of Mauston,Wis., was chosen to collect, prepareand arrange an exhibit of honey and waxat the World’s Columbian Exposition. Thesum of $500 was allotted by the State Boardwith which to make the exhibit.

The months of February and March didnot prove to be the most favorable time forcollecting comb honey that should fairlyrepresent the State. After considerablecorrespondence, and some travel, Mr. Wilcoxsucceeded in obtaining about 800pounds of comb honey, 500 pounds of extracted,and 200 pounds of beeswax, of thecrop of 1892. Damages from freezing andrough handling reduced the quantity somewhatbefore it was finally installed atChicago.

The rules of the Exposition Company sentout at that time limited the amount fromeach exhibitor to 50 pounds of extracted,and 100 pounds of comb honey, which preventedfilling up the exhibit with a largequantity of fancy honey from two or threeexhibitors, as might have been done withless cost.

Among those who furnished honey fromthe crop of 1892, were J. J. Ochsner, ofPrairie du Sac, who sent some of the finestcomb and extracted honey, also some choicebeeswax; but the most attractive exhibitby Mr. O. was his name and post-office addressbuilt of comb honey by the bees inletters formed for them as a guide.

Mr. C. A. Hatch, of Ithaca, and E. C.Priest, of Henrietta, furnished extractedhoney and beeswax. Messrs. Frank McNay,Franklin Wilcox, and A. E. Wilcox, ofMauston, each furnished comb and extractedhoney and beeswax. Messrs. GustavGross, of Milford, and Adolph Vandereicke,of Lake Mills, contributed their best.

The extracted honey was nicely put up inglass jars, of different sizes and styles,designed to show those commonly used inthe retail trade. It nearly all appeared onexhibition in the granulated form. Thiswas partly because Mr. Wilcox believedthat people should learn to know that pureextracted honey will granulate, and partlybecause he could not give it time enough tomelt it so often as necessary to keep it inthe liquid form.

Wisconsin Exhibit at the World’s Fair.

After completing the installation of thecrop of 1892, Mr. Wilcox applied to theState Board for funds to replace the oldcrop with the new, when it should be ready.This was promptly refused, and Mr. W.abandoned the exhibit for a time. Aboutthe middle of August, finding a good cropof choice honey, and that other States hadgreatly improved their exhibits, he againappealed to the Board for funds with whichto pay transportation and installationcharges on the new crop, and succeeded ingetting the promise of $100 for that purpose.

As the time was short, he called for immediatecontributions, and obtained over50 pounds from J. W. Kleeber, of Reedsburg,300 pounds from J. J. Ochsner, and200 pounds from himself and son, withwhich he replaced a portion of the old cropof comb honey.

This was arranged on five large arches,as shown in the illustration herewith, withpyramids of honey underneath. Those41columns with a square base and two ballson the top are beeswax. The remainder ofthe wax is in fancy balls, bells, hearts, etc.,and may be seen on top of the sections,glass and jars of honey. Mr. Ochsner’sletters do not show very well in the picture.They were in the front end of the showcaseunder one of the large arches.

The Wisconsin exhibit was entered as aState exhibit, and of course individual exhibitorswere unknown to the judges, consequentlythe award was to the State as awhole.

As in the case of the Michigan exhibit,the success of the Wisconsin display wasmainly due to the untiring efforts and wisdomof one man—in the former to Bro.Cutting, and in the latter to Bro. Wilcox,whose picture is shown on another page.Both of these good men worked faithfullyand hard in securing and placing their respectiveexhibits, and of course each wonworthy and lasting honor, if not financialreward. We trust that neither Wisconsinnor Michigan bee-keepers will soon forgetthe two men who did so much to win newlaurels to these already much-crownedStates.

The Vermont Bee-Keepers’ Associationwill meet in the Van Ness House atBurlington, Vt., on Jan. 24 and 25, 1894.Among the topics to receive attention arethese:

President W. G. Larrabee’s address, includinga report of the North AmericanBee-Keepers’ Association meeting in Chicago.

Experimental work: What has been doneat the State Farm—O. J. Lowrey and T. H.Wheatley.

Upward and entrance ventilation: Howmuch for winter?—H. P. Langdon.

Is spring protection necessary after beesare put out of the cellar?—M. F. Cram.

Discussion: Advantages and disadvantagesof shallow frames.

Why is honey so much better flavored insome years than in others?—R. H. Holmes.

How shall we manage our bees so as tosecure the most honey?—E. J. Smith.

In the Secretary’s announcement we findthe following paragraphs:

The Van Ness House kindly donates theuse of a hall for the convention, and reducestheir rates to $2.00 per day, to thoseattending the convention.

If you have any new or useful inventionor article, please bring the same to theconvention.

If you live within reach of Burlington,don’t fail to attend the meeting, and bringyour lady friends with you. All interestedin apiculture are expected to come withoutfurther invitation. Bring your badges.

The C. V. R. R. Co. have reduced theirrates as follows: Return tickets—Fromstations within 33 miles of Burlington, 2cents per mile each way, with minimumrate of 25 cents, and maximum rate of$1.00; 34 miles and over, fare one way.Tickets are good going Jan. 23rd, 24th, and25th, and good returning the 25th and 26th,between the following named places toBurlington: Malone and Ticonderoga, N.Y., Richford, Cambridge Junction, Rutland,and White River Junction.

H. W. Scott, Sec. & Treas.

Barre, Vt.


Marengo, Ill.

In this department will be answered thosequestions needing IMMEDIATE attention, andsuch as are not of sufficient special interest torequire replies from the 20 or more apiaristswho help to make “Queries and Replies” sointeresting on another page. In the main, itwill contain questions and answers upon mattersthat particularly interest beginners.—Ed.

Contraction—Improvement in Bees.

I tried contracting the brood-chamberof four colonies during basswood honey-flow,and three of them would persist inbuilding comb on the vacant side of thedummy. One even got so far as to havequite a comb there, (mostly drone-comb)with the queen laying in that side.

The combs in the brood-chamber werevery nearly all worker, and instead ofthe queen using them, and the bees storingabove, they capped them over halffull of honey. They worked in thesuper some, but not like bees ought towhen there is a good honey-flow. Theyhad, I think, five Langstroth frames,maybe six.

I fitted a thin piece of board over thevacant part of the brood-chamber. Oneof the four stayed “contracted” allright. It had six frames. This one wasa new swarm, and worked all right inthe super, but re-swarmed in August.

1. I would like advice on contracting,42and how to do it. Ought I to contractall summer, where the bees get enoughhoney to breed strong all the time?Also, there is lots of pollen here allsummer.

2. In Mr. Simmins’ essay on page 689of the Bee Journal for 1893, he givesas one of his means of preventingswarming, the withdrawal of the twoouter combs, and inserting near thecenter of the brood-nest two emptyframes. Are not these empty framesapt to be filled with drone-comb?

3. On the same page he speaks ofrearing young queens in the fall to requeenwith, also as a means of preventingswarming. What is the object ofrearing them in the fall?

4. Would not cells saved at theswarming season do as well?

5. Where the bees of a neighborhoodare about half blacks and half Italian,or a good share hybrid, would you advisea person to try to Italianize, supposehis bees were about half and half?

6. Where the bees of a neighborhoodare two-thirds black, and you want toproduce comb honey mostly, would it bebest to breed from your best blackqueens, rather than to try to Italianize?

7. Don’t you think (of course the bigqueen-breeders don’t read this department)that if the black bees had beenbred as scientifically, and as much careand study given them as has been bestowedon the Italians, in the last 20 or30 years, they would have been to-dayas good, if not better than the Italian?

E. S. M.

Denison, Iowa.

Answers.—1. I have contracted downto five, four, three, and in some casesdown to only one or two combs, havingno combs built in the brood-chamber.A division-board or a dummy was nextto the comb or combs left, and the spacepartly filled with dummies. One or twoyears I filled in the vacant space withhay. If two dummies were put in nextthe brood-comb, with half an inch spacebetween them, there was no troubleabout combs being built in the vacantspace left. But please notice that therewas no queen in the hive. Without aqueen, bees don’t seem so intent on buildingcomb, but with a queen you wouldlikely find them clustering in the openspace left beyond the two dummies,there to build combs.

With the queen left in the hive, as inyour case, you should have filled up thevacant space in some way, so the beescouldn’t occupy it. If the space for thebrood-nest is limited, the tendency ofthe bees

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