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Mediæval London, Volume 2_ Ecclesiastical

Mediæval London, Volume 2_ Ecclesiastical
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Title: Mediæval London, Volume 2_ Ecclesiastical
Release Date: 2019-01-04
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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Transcriber’s Notes

The cover was created by adding text to a plain background and isplaced in the public domain.

Obvious typographical errors have been silently corrected. Variationsin hyphenation and spelling remain unchanged except where in conflictwith the index.

The ancient documents reproduced, particularly in Appendix IX, contain abbreviations represented by symbols no longer in use.These have been represented by the tilde˜ .

Lower case Latin numbers surmounted by xx (a score) are shown thus iiij ∕ xx.

The two genealogical trees in volume 3 chapter 19 have beensupplemented with genealogical tables prepared by the transcriber.


UNIFORM WITH THIS VOLUME

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LONDON
IN THE TIME OF THE TUDORS

With 146 Illustrations and a Reproduction of Agas’ Mapof London in 1560.

“For the student, as well as for those desultory readers who are drawnby the rare fascination of London to peruse its pages, this book will have avalue and a charm which are unsurpassed by any of its predecessors.”—PallMall Gazette.

“A vivid and fascinating picture of London life in the sixteenth century—anovelist’s picture, full of life and movement, yet with the accuratedetail of an antiquarian treatise.”—Contemporary Review.


LONDON
IN THE TIME OF THE STUARTS

With 116 Illustrations and a Reproduction of Ogilby’s Mapof London in 1677.

“It is a mine in which the student, alike of topography and of mannersand customs, may dig and dig again with the certainty of finding somethingnew and interesting.”—The Times.

“The pen of the ready writer here is fluent; the picture wants nothingin completeness. The records of the city and the kingdom have beenransacked for facts and documents, and they are marshalled with consummateskill.”—Pall Mall Gazette.


LONDON
IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY

With 104 Illustrations and a Reproduction of Rocque’s Mapof London in 1741-5.

“The book is engrossing, and its manner delightful.”—The Times.

“Of facts and figures such as these this valuable book will be found fullto overflowing, and it is calculated therefore to interest all kinds of readers,from the student to the dilettante, from the romancer in search of matter tothe most voracious student of Tit-Bits.”—The Athenæum.


MEDIÆVAL LONDON
VOL. I. HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL

With 108 Illustrations, mostly from contemporary prints.

“The book is at once exact and lively in its statements; there is noslovenly page in it—everywhere there is the sense of movement and colour,and the charm which belongs to a living picture.”—Standard.

“One is struck by the admirable grouping, the consistency and order ofthe work throughout, and in none more than in this latest instalment.”—PallMall Gazette.

The Survey of London

MEDIÆVAL
LONDON
ECCLESIASTICAL


MEDIÆVAL
LONDON
VOL. II
ECCLESIASTICAL

BY
SIR WALTER BESANT

Publisher's device

LONDON
ADAM & CHARLES BLACK
1906


v

CONTENTS

PART I
THE GOVERNMENT OF LONDON
CHAP. PAGE
1. The Records 3
2. The Charter of Henry the Second 8
3. The Commune 11
4. The Wards 24
5. The Factions of the City 35
6. The Century of Uncertain Steps 66
7. After the Commune 72
8. The City Companies 108
PART II
ECCLESIASTICAL LONDON
1. The Religious Life 127
2. Church Furniture 159
3. The Calendar of the Year 164
4. Hermits and Anchorites 170
5. Pilgrimage 179
6. Ordeal 191
7. Sanctuary 201
8. Miracle and Mystery Plays 213
9. Superstitions, etc. 218
10. Order of Burial 223
PART III
RELIGIOUS HOUSES
1. General 227
2. St. Martin’s-le-Grand 234
3. The Priory of the Holy Trinity, or Christ Church Priory 241
4. The Charter House 245vi
5. Elsyng Spital 248
6. St. Bartholomew 250
7. St. Thomas of Acon 263
8. St. Anthony’s 268
9. The Priory of St. John of Jerusalem 270
10. The Clerkenwell Nunnery 284
11. St. John the Baptist, or Holiwell Nunnery 286
12. Bermondsey Abbey 288
13. St. Mary Overies 297
14. St. Thomas’s Hospital 309
15. St. Giles-in-the-Fields 311
16. St. Helen’s 313
17. St. Mary Spital 322
18. St. Mary of Bethlehem 325
19. The Clares 329
20. St. Katherine’s by the Tower 334
21. Crutched Friars 342
22. Austin Friars 344
23. Grey Friars 348
24. The Dominicans 354
25. Whitefriars 360
26. St. Mary of Graces 363
27. The Smaller Foundations 365
28. Fraternities 382
29. Hospitals 385
APPENDICES
1. List of Wards of London 391
2. List of Aldermen 393
3. Alphabetical List of Aldermen whose Names are affixed to Deedsin the Thirteenth Century 395
4. List of Parishes 397
5. Patronage of City Churches 400
6. Festivals 401
7. An Anchorite’s Cell 404
8. The Monastic Houses 406
9. A Dominican House 407
10. The Papey 411
11. Charitable Endowment 413
12. Fraternities 420
INDEX 423

vii

ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE
Extract from Letter-Book E, dated 1316, relating to the Grocers’ Company 5
Obverse and Original Reverse of the Seal of the City of London, showing Figure of St. Thomas à Becket 13
Old Mayoralty Seal, Thirteenth Century 15
King John signing Magna Charta Facing 20
Aldgate House, Bethnal Green 25
Parts of the South and West Walls of a Convent 30
The Tower of London about 1480 39
The Crown offered to Richard III. at Baynard’s Castle Facing 56
King Richard holding a Council of Nobles and Prelates 61
Henry of Bolingbroke challenges the Crown 62
Richard II. consulting with his Friends in Conway Castle 63
Richard II. and his Patron Saints 69
Whittington and his Cat 73
Death of Whittington 74
Crossbowman 77
The Morning of Agincourt 81
Facsimile of Heading of Account, 1575-1576, showing Cooper at Work 85
South-East View of the Old House lately standing in Sweedon’s Passage, Grub Street 91
South-West View of Gerrard’s Hall Facing 100
Facsimile of Surgeons’ Arms, 1492, with St. Cosmo and St. Damian supporting 101
Interior of the Guildhall 103
A Tally for 6s. 8d. issued by Edward I.’s Treasurer to the Sheriff of Lincolnshire 105
Election Garland given by Robert and Cicely Chamberlayn, 1463 105
A Bagpipe-Player 110
Illustration from Zeller’s La France Anglaise et Charles VII. 111
The Seal of the Vintners’ Company, 1437 112
Tombstone of William Warrington, Master Mason, at Croyland Abbey, 1427 113
Coopers’ Marks, A.D. 1420 114
Part of Facsimile of the Original Charter granted by King Richard III. to the Worshipful Company ofWax Chandlers of the City of London (16th February, 1 Richard III.) 116
Liverymen of London 117
Frontispiece to the Grangerised Edition of Brayley’s London and Middlesex Facing 118
William Smallwood, Master of the Pewterers’ Company 121
St. Ethelburga’s Church, Bishopsgate Street 129
The Prioress 131
The Monk and his Greyhounds 131
Chantry Chapel of Henry V. in Westminster Abbey 133viii
Earl of Northumberland receiving Mass 135
Interesting Antiquities in Westminster Abbey Facing 138
Savoy Chapel and Palace 141
The Lollard’s Tower, Lambeth Palace 149
Knights of the Holy Ghost embarking for the Crusades 151
A Priest called John Ball stirs up great Commotion in England 155
Embroidery of the Fourteenth Century, supposed to be part of a Frontal or Antependium 160
Archbishop of Canterbury preaching on behalf of Henry, Duke of Lancaster 161
Queen Margaret, Wife of Henry VI., at Prayers 168
All Hallows, London
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