Westminster

Westminster
Title: Westminster
Release Date: 2019-01-11
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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Contents.
Index.:A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N,O,P,Q,R,S,T,V,W,Y.

List of Illustrations
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{i}

WESTMINSTER

BY
SIR WALTER BESANT, M. A., F. S. A.
AUTHOR OF “LONDON,” ETC.
[Image unavailable.]
WITH 130 ILLUSTRATIONS BY WILLIAM PATTEN AND OTHERS
New York
FREDERICK A. STOKES COMPANY
PUBLISHERS

{ii} 

Copyright, 1894 and 1895, byWalter Besant.
Copyright, 1895, by
Frederick B. Stokes Company.

All rights reserved.{iii} 

TO
MRS. WILLIAM PATTEN
IN MEMORY OF HER
MANY WANDERINGS IN WESTMINSTER WITH HER HUSBAND
WHILE HE WAS ADORNING THESE PAGES
AND IN MEMORY OF
A STAY IN ENGLAND FAR TOO SHORT FOR HER MANY FRIENDS
THIS VOLUME IS DEDICATED
BY ONE OF THOSE FRIENDS
THE AUTHOR

{iv}

{v} 

PREFACE.

These papers in their original form first appeared in the Pall MallMagazine. Additions have been made in some of the chapters, especiallyin the three chapters entitled “The Abbey.” As in the book entitled“London,” of which this is the successor, I do not pretend to offer aHistory of Westminster. The story of the Abbey Buildings; of the GreatFunctions held in the Abbey; of the Monuments in the Abbey; may be foundin the pages of Stanley, Loftie, Dart, and Widmore. The History of theHouses of Parliament belongs to the history of the country, not that ofWestminster. It has been my endeavor, in these pages, (1) to show,contrary to received opinion, that the Isle of Bramble was a busy placeof trade long before London existed at all. (2) To restore the vanishedPalaces of Westminster and Whitehall. (3) To portray the life of theAbbey, with its Services, its Rule, its Anchorites, and its Sanctuary.(4) To show the connection of Westminster with the first of Englishprinters. And, lastly, to present the place as a town and borough, withits streets and its people.

I hope that, with those who have made my “London” a companion, my“Westminster” may also be so fortunate as to find equal favor.

I must not omit my acknowledgments to the Editors of the Pall MallMagazine for the costly manner in which they presented these pages.Nor{vi} must I forget to record my sense of the pains and thoroughnessbrought to the work of its illustration by my friend Mr. William Patten;nor my sense of the assistance rendered me by Mr. Loftie for manyconsultations and suggestions; nor my thanks to the Benedictine Fathersof Downside, near Bath, who kindly received Mr. Patten and myself astheir guests and showed us what a modern Benedictine House really means,and how the House at Westminster may have been during its five centuriesof existence, even such as their own, a Home of Religion and Learning.

United University Club, September, 1895.

{vii}

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER PAGE
I.The Beginnings, 1
II.The King’s Palace of Westminster, 38
III.The Abbey—I., 98
IV.The Abbey—II., 145
V.The Abbey—III., 165
VI.Sanctuary, 173
VII.At the Sign of the Red Pale, 211
VIII.The Vanished Palace, 248
IX.The City, 291
X.The Streets and the People, 325
Appendix:
 The Court of Charles II.,381
Index,  395

{viii} 

{ix} 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

 PAGE
Arms of the Abbey of Westminster,Vignette
Westminster,1
Some Coats of Arms,5
Sarcophagus of Valerius Amandinus,9
Map Showing the Position of the Abbey,13
Shield of Celtic Work, Found in the Thames, 1857,17
A Roman Road,19
British Helmet, Found in the Thames, 1868,21
Tomb of King Sebert, Westminster Abbey,25
The Funeral Procession of King Edward the Confessor to Westminster Abbey,28, 29
From the Bayeux Tapestry.
East End of the Prince’s Chamber,41
South Side of the Prince’s Chamber,43
A Bit of the Old Wall from Black Dog Alley,47
Plan of Westminster Palace in 1834,48
Collegiate Seal of St. Stephen’s,50
Interior of the Crypt Called the “Powder Plot Cellar,” beneath the old Palace of Westminster, Looking toward Charing Cross. Taken Down in June, 1883,51
West End of the Painted Chamber as it Appeared after the Fire of 1834,55
Curious Newel Staircase at the Southeast Angle of Painted Chamber,57
Guy Fawkes’ Door,58
Vault under the Painted Chamber,59
East Front of St. Stephen’s Chapel as it Appeared after the Fire of 1834,63
Passage from St. Stephen’s Chapel to the Cloister,65
Cloister Court as it Appeared after the Fire,67
The Star Chamber. Demolished in 1834,{x}71
North Porch,83
Laurentius,98
Arms of the Abbey of Westminster,99
Plan of the Benedictine Abbey of Westminster,101
Habit of a Novice of the Order of St. Benedict,104
Entrance to Chapter House,107
Wall of the Refectory, from Ashburnham House,109
The Abbot’s Dining Hall at Westminster; now Used as the Dining Room of the School,111
Towel Aumbries in the South Walk,113
Chapel of the Pyx,115
Door to the Chapel of Edward the Confessor; now Pyx Office,119
Treasure Chest in the Chapel of Pyx, Used in the Transportation of the King’s Exchequer,123
A Pillar now Standing in Mr. Thynne’s Garden and Forming Part of the Ruined Chapel of St. Catherine,126
Jerusalem Chamber. Abbot’s Residence, Westminster,127
Abbot’s Pew (Showing the Medallion of Congreve Below),129
Square Window (now Walled up) Used by the Abbot to Maintain Surveillance of the Monks at Night,131
Monk of the Order of St. Benedict,133
Abbot Islip’s Chapel,137
The Westminster Schoolroom, Formerly the Abbot’s Dormitory,140
Tombs of Vitalis, Gerasmus de Blois, and Crispinus, Abbots of Westminster,142
Tally for 6s. 8d. Issued by Treasurer to King Edward I. to the Sheriff of Lincolnshire about 1290,143
The King Street Gate, Westminster, Demolished 1723,175
Southwest View of the Entrance to the Little Sanctuary from King Street,177
View of Little Sanctuary from the West, as it Appeared about a. d. 1800,179
The Sanctuary. Pulled Down in 1775,181
The Boar’s Head Inn, King Street,183
The Cock, Tothill Street,187
Room in The King’s Arms, Tothill Street,189
The Gate House,192
The Holbein Gate,199
Broken Cross Within the Abbey Precincts,{xi}201
Pickering Cup, Belonging to the Burgesses of Westminster,204
The Southern Extremity of Thieving Lane, a. d. 1800,205
Buttresses of King Henry VII.’s Chapel,209
Caxton’s Device,212
Supposed Portrait of Caxton. From Blades’ “Pentateuch of Printing,”213
The “Domus Anglorum,” Bruges,223
Caxton’s House in the Almonry, Westminster,231
Facsimile of the “Recuyell of the Historyes of Troie,”235
Facsimile of the “Game and Playe of the Chesse,”236
Facsimile of the “Dictes or Sayings of the Philosophers,”241
Caxton’s Memorial Window in St. Margaret’s, Westminster,243
Facsimile of Caxton’s Handwriting, from the Pepysian Library,245
Inigo Jones, 1614,251
Holbein’s Gate and the Banqueting Hall,255
From the Original Picture by Samuel Scott.
The Waterside Elevation of Inigo Jones’ Palace,260, 261
St. James’s Palace,263
Kensington Palace,266
Buckingham Palace,267
The Horse Guards,268
Old Scotland Yard,271
Rosamond’s Pond, St. James’s Park,275
The Water Gate, New Palace Yard,278
A Reduced Copy of Fisher’s Ground Plan of the Royal Palace of Whitehall, Taken in the Reign of Charles II., 1680,280
The Mace,291
The House of Commons and Westminster Hall from the River in 1798,293
From a Contemporary Drawing.
Oak Doorway Discovered in the Speaker’s Dining Room After the Fire,295
The House of Lords at the Beginning of the Century,297
The House of Commons at the Beginning of the Century,299
The Entrance to Speaker’s Yard as it Appeared Before the Fire,{xii}301
“Themistocles” (Lord Hood), from “The Rival Candidates,”304
“Demosthenes” (Charles James Fox), from “The Rival Candidates,”305
“Judas Iscariot” (Sir Cecil Wray), from “The Rival Candidates,”307
“The Westminster Mendicant” (Sir Cecil Wray),309
“Procession to the Hustings After a Successful Canvass,”315
After a Print, A.D. 1784.
The Speaker’s Court as it Appeared Before the Fire,319
Griffins from the Roof of Henry VII.’s Chapel,326
Griffins from the Roof of Henry VII.’s Chapel,329
Griffin from the Roof of Henry VII.’s Chapel,330
Room in The King’s Arms, Tothill Street, Westminster,333
Griffins
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