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The Ivory Workers of the Middle Ages

The Ivory Workers of the Middle Ages
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Title: The Ivory Workers of the Middle Ages
Release Date: 2019-01-22
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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Book Cover.

HANDBOOKS OF THE GREAT CRAFTSMEN.


Illustrated Monographs, Biographical and Critical, on the Great Craftsmen
and Workers of Ancient and Modern Times.

Edited by G. C. Williamson, Litt.D.
Imperial 16mo, with numerous Illustrations,
5s. net each.

First Volumes of the Series

THE PAVEMENT MASTERS OF SIENA.
By R. H. Hobart Cust, M.A.


PETER VISCHER.
By Cecil Headlam, B.A.


THE IVORY WORKERS OF THE MIDDLE AGES.
By A. M. Cust.

Others to follow.

LONDON: GEORGE BELL AND SONS
NEW YORK: THE MACMILLAN CO.


DOSSETTER PHOTO.   [BRITISH MUSEUM
1. LEAF OF A DIPTYCH
Byzantine, fifth century

[See p. 55.]


THE IVORY WORKERS
OF THE
MIDDLE AGES


BY
A. M. CUST

LONDON
GEORGE BELL AND SONS
1902

CHISWICK PRESS: CHARLES WHITTINGHAM AND CO.[Pg vii]

TOOKS COURT, CHANCERY LANE, LONDON.[Pg viii]


TO MY DEAR FATHER
I DEDICATE THIS BOOK.[Pg ix]


PREFACE

This little book can do no more than humblytouch the fringe of a large subject; but if it leads the reader to afurther study of this beautiful craft, it will have amply fulfilledits duty.

I must express my deep obligation to themagnificent volume on ivories by M. Emile Molinier, whose masterlyarrangement of a very fragmentary and scattered subject is a model oflucidity; and also to Dr. Hans Graeven, whose scholarly researchesand excellent photographs are indispensable for a real study of thecraft.

A. M. Cust.

December, 1901.[Pg x]


[Pg xi]

CONTENTS

  PAGE
List of Illustrations xiii
Bibliography xvii

CHAPTER I.
 
Consular and other Secular Diptychs  1

CHAPTER II.
 
Latin and Byzantine Ivories 37
  I. Latin and Latino-Byzantine and  
     the Early Byzantine Ivories 37
  II. Byzantine Caskets 75
  III. The Byzantine Renaissance 84

CHAPTER III.
 
Lombardic, Anglo-Saxon, Carlovingian  
 and German Ivories 96
  I. Lombard Ivory Carvings 96
  II. Anglo-Saxon Ivory Carvings 99
  III. The Carlovingian Renaissance 106
  IV. German Ivory Carving in the time  
     of the Ottos 118 [Pg xii]

CHAPTER IV.
 
Romanesque and Gothic Ivories 129

List of Diptychs
157
List of Places where Important Examples  
of Ivories can be found 165
Index 167

[Pg xiii]

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

FIG.   PAGE
1. An Angel. Leaf of a Diptych.  
  Fifth century. Byzantine  
  British Museum, London Frontispiece
2. Second Leaf of the Diptych of Probianus,  
  Vice-Prefect of Rome. End of fourth century  
  Berlin Library  8
3. First Leaf of the Diptych of Probus,  
  Consul at Rome, 406 A.D.  
  Duomo, Aosta  9
4. First Leaf of the Diptych of Orestes,  
  Consul at Rome, 530 A.D.  
  Victoria and Albert Museum, London 14
5. Leaf of the Diptych of Amalasuntha(?)  
  Sixth Century. Italian  
  Bargello, Florence 30
6. Adam in the Terrestrial Paradise, and Scenes  
  from the Life of St. Paul.  
  Leaves of a Diptych. Fifth century. Italian  
  Bargello, Florence 41
7 & 8. Two Plaques, The Crucifixion and Christ leaving  
  the Prætorium.  
  Fifth century. Italian  
  British Museum 46, 47
9. Pyx with the Scene of Christ healing the Paralytic.  
  Sixth century. Italo-Byzantine  
  Musée de Cluny, Paris 51
10. Cover of a Book of the Gospels  
  (from S. Michele di Murano). Sixth century. Italo-Byzantine  
  Ravenna Museum 53
11. Cover of a Book of the Gospels, with three scenes from  
  the
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