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London City

London City
Category:
Title: London City
Release Date: 2019-02-05
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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Transcriber’s Note:

The cover image was created by the transcriber and is placed in the public domain.

The Survey of London
LONDON
CITY

Pictorial Agency.
INTERIOR OF ROYAL EXCHANGE.—(Page 128)

LONDON
 
CITY

BY
SIR WALTER BESANT
LONDON
ADAM & CHARLES BLACK
1910

v

PREFACE

With this volume we begin what may be called the second part of the Survey.All that has preceded it has dealt with the history of London as a whole; now weturn to London in its topographical aspect and treat it street by street, with all thehistorical associations interwoven in a continuous narrative with a running commentaryof the aspect of the streets as they were at the end of the nineteenthcentury, for the book is strictly a Survey of London up to the end of the nineteenthcentury. Sir Walter Besant himself wrote the greater part of the volume nowissued, calling it “The Antiquities of the City,” and it is exclusively confined to theCity. For the topographical side of the great work, however, he employed assistantsto collect material for him and to help him; for though, as he said, he had been“walking about London for the last thirty years and found something fresh in itevery day,” he could not himself collect the mass of detail requisite for a fairpresentation of the subject. In the present volume, therefore, embedded in hisrunning commentary, will be found detailed accounts of the City Companies, theCity churches and other buildings, which are not by his hand. A word as to theplan on which the volume is made may be helpful. In cases where the City hallsare standing, accounts of the Companies they belong to are inserted there in thecourse of the perambulation; but where the Companies possess no halls, the matterconcerning them is relegated to an Appendix. The churches, however, beingpeculiarly associated with the sites on which they are standing, or stood, are consideredto be an integral part of the City associations, and churches, whethervanished or standing, are noted in course of perambulation. A distinction whichshows at a glance whether any particular church is still existing or has been demolishedis made by the type; for in the case of an existing church the name isviset in large black type, as a centre heading, whereas with a vanished church it isgiven in smaller black type set in line.

The plan of the book is simplicity itself; it follows the lines of groups of streets,taken as dictated by common sense and not by the somewhat arbitrary boundaries ofwards. The outlines of these groups are clearly indicated on the large map whichwill be found at the end of the volume.

vii

CONTENTS
 
THE ANTIQUITIES OF THE CITY

GROUP I
 
PAGE
 
Streets North and South of Cheapside and the Poultry 1
 
 
GROUP II
 
Streets North of Gresham Street and West of Moorgate Street 63
 
 
GROUP III
 
Streets between Moorgate and Bishopsgate Streets 91
 
 
GROUP IV
 
Streets between Fenchurch and Bishopsgate Streets 146
 
 
GROUP V
 
Thames Street and the Streets North and South of it 190
 
The Tower of London 288
 
 
GROUP VI
 
Newgate Street and the Streets North and South of it 300
 
St. Paul’s 327
 
 
GROUP VII
 
Fleet Street and the adjacent Courts (including the Temple and the Rolls) 362
 
The Temple 370
 
The Ancient Schools in the City of London 385
 
 
viiiAPPENDICES
 
1. The City Companies 433
 
2. Mayors and Lord Mayors of London from 1189 to 1900 455
 
3. A Calendar of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London from 1189 to 1900 461
 
 
INDEX 483
ix

ILLUSTRATIONS

  PAGE
 
Interior of Royal Exchange   Frontispiece
 
Cheapside Cross (as it appeared on its erection in 1606)   5
 
St. Mildred, Poultry   18
 
Inside the Poultry Compter   19
 
St. Lawrence, Jewry   26
 
SS. Anne and Agnes   27
 
Blackwell Hall, 1819   31
 
Mercers’ Hall: Interior Facing 32
 
Mercers’ Hall   35
 
City of London School, Milk Street   39
 
Church of St. Vedast   43
 
Goldsmiths’ Hall, 1835   45
 
Gerard’s Hall Crypt in 1795   57
 
The Armourers’ and Brasiers’ Almshouses, Bishopsgate Without, 1857   65
 
St. Mary, Aldermanbury, in 1814   70
 
Porch of St. Alphage, London Wall, 1818   72
 
Sion College, London Wall, 1800   73
 
Grub Street Hermit   77
 
St. Giles, Cripplegate   81
 
London Wall   83
 
The Pump in Cornhill, 1800   93
 
St. Peter’s, Cornhill   96
 
Confectioner’s Shop, Cornhill   98
 
Garraway’s Coffee-House   99
 
Pope’s House in Plough Court   103
 
St. Mary Woolnoth Facing 106
 
Altar of St. Mary Abchurch   109
 
Salters’ Hall, 1822   113
 
St. Stephen, Walbrook Facing 118
 
The Mansion House and Cheapside   120
 
Stocks Market   123
 
Bank of England Fountain Facing 126
 
St. Benet Finck   129
 
xSt. Martin Outwich   131
 
Gresham College   135
 
Carpenters’ Hall, London Wall, 1830   144
 
Ironmongers’ Hall in the Eighteenth Century   149
 
A Remarkable Old House in Leadenhall Street   154
 
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