Adventures of Two Youths in a Journey to Egypt and the Holy Land

Adventures of Two Youths in a Journey to Egypt and the Holy Land
Title: Adventures of Two Youths in a Journey to Egypt and the Holy Land
Release Date: 2019-02-06
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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The Boy Travellers in the Far East

PART FOURTH


ADVENTURES OF TWO YOUTHS IN A JOURNEY

TO

EGYPT AND THE HOLY LAND

BY

THOMAS W. KNOX

AUTHOR OF

"THE YOUNG NIMRODS" "CAMP-FIRE AND COTTON-FIELD" "OVERLAND THROUGH ASIA"

"UNDERGROUND" "JOHN" "HOW TO TRAVEL" ETC.

Illustrated

NEW YORK

HARPER & BROTHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE

1883


Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1882, by

HARPER & BROTHERS,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.


All rights reserved.


PREFACE.

The favorable reception, by press and public, accorded to "The BoyTravellers in the Far East" is the author's excuse for venturing toprepare a volume upon Egypt and the Holy Land. He is well aware thatthose countries have been the favorite theme of authors since the daysof Herodotus and Strabo, and many books have been written concerningthem. While he could not expect to say much that is new, he hopes theform in which his work is presented will not be found altogetherancient.

The author has twice visited Egypt, and has made the tour of Palestineand Syria. The experiences of Frank and Fred in their journeyings weremainly those of the writer of this book in the winter of 1873-'74, andin the spring of 1878. He has endeavored to give a faithful descriptionof Egypt and the Holy Land as they appear to-day, and during thepreparation of this volume he has sent to those countries to obtain thelatest information concerning the roads, modes of travel, and otherthings that may have undergone changes since his last journey in theLevant.

In addition to using his own notes and observations, made on the spot,he has consulted many previous and some subsequent travellers, and hasexamined numerous books relating to the subjects on which he haswritten. It has been his effort to embody a description of the Egypt ofold with that of the present, and to picture the lands of the Bible asthey have appeared through many centuries down to our own time. If itshall be found that he has made a book which combines amusement andinstruction for the youth of our land, he will feel that his labor hasnot been in vain.

Many of the works consulted in the preparation of this book arementioned in its pages. To some authors he is indebted for illustrationsas well as for descriptive or historical matter, the publishers havingkindly allowed the use of engravings from their previous publications.Among the works which deserve acknowledgment are "The AncientEgyptians," by Sir Gardner Wilkinson; "The Modern Egyptians," by EdwardWilliam Lane; the translation of "The Arabian Nights' Entertainments,"by the same author; "From Egypt to Palestine," by Dr. S. C. Bartlett;"The Land and the Book," by Dr. W. M. Thomson; "Boat Life in Egypt," and"Tent Life in Syria," by William C. Prime, LL.D.; "The Khedive's Egypt,"by Edwin De Leon; "The Desert of the Exodus," by Professor E. H. Palmer;"Dr. Olin's Travels in the East;" "Our Inheritance in the GreatPyramid," by Piazzi Smith; and "The Land of Moab," by Dr. H. B.Tristram. The author is indebted to Lieutenant-commander Gorringe forinformation concerning Egyptian obelisks, and regrets that want of spaceprevented the use of the full account of the removal of "Cleopatra'sNeedle" from Alexandria to New York.

With this explanation of his reasons for writing "The Boy Travellers inEgypt and the Holy Land," the author submits the result of his labors tothose who have already accompanied Frank and Fred in their wanderings inAsia, and to such new readers as may desire to peruse it. He trusts theformer will continue, and the latter make, an acquaintance that willprove neither unpleasant nor without instruction.


P.S.—This volume was written and in type previous to July, 1882.Consequently the revolt of Arabi Pasha and the important events thatfollowed could not be included in the narrative of the "Boy Travellers."

T. W. K.


CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.From Bombay to Suez.—The Red Sea, Mecca, and Mount Sinai.
CHAPTER II.Suez.—Where the Israelites Crossed the Red Sea.—The Suez Canal.
CHAPTER III.From Suez to Cairo.—Through the Land of Goshen.
CHAPTER IV.Street Scenes in Cairo.
CHAPTER V.A Ramble Through the Bazaars of Cairo.
CHAPTER VI.Mosques, Dervishes, and Schools.—Education in Egypt.
CHAPTER VII.The Citadel.—The Tombs of the Caliphs.—The Nilometer.—The Rosetta Stone.
CHAPTER VIII.Wonders of the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities.
CHAPTER IX.The Pyramids of Gizeh and Sakkara.—Memphis and the Apis Mausoleum.
CHAPTER X.An Oriental Bath.—Egyptian Weddings and Funerals.
CHAPTER XI.Ascending the Nile.—Sights and Scenes on the River.
CHAPTER XII.Sugar Plantations and Mills.—Snake-charmers.—Sights at Beni-Hassan.
CHAPTER XIII.Sioot, the Ancient Lycopolis.—Scenes on the River.
CHAPTER XIV.Girgeh and Keneh.—The Temples of Abydus and Denderah.—An Egyptian Dance.
CHAPTER XV.Arrival at Luxor.—The Great Temple of Karnak.
CHAPTER XVI.The Rameseum, Medinet Aboo, and the Vocal Memnon.
CHAPTER XVII.The Tombs of the Kings.—Recent Discoveries of Royal Mummies.
CHAPTER XVIII.Harem Life in the East.—From Luxor to Assouan.
CHAPTER XIX.A Camel Journey.—The Island of Phil, and the First Cataract of the Nile.
CHAPTER XX.From Assouan to Alexandria.—Farewell to Egypt.
CHAPTER XXI.Voyage from Egypt to Palestine.—Journey from Jaffa to Ramleh.
CHAPTER XXII.From Ramleh to Jerusalem.—The Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
CHAPTER XXIII.In and Around Jerusalem.
CHAPTER XXIV.From Jerusalem to Bethlehem.—Church and Grotto of the Nativity.
CHAPTER XXV.From Bethlehem to Mar Saba and the Dead Sea.
CHAPTER XXVI.From the Dead Sea to the Jordan, Jericho, and Jerusalem.—The Valley of the Jordan.
CHAPTER XXVII.From Jerusalem to Nabulus.—Historic Places on the Route.
CHAPTER XXVIII.From Nabulus to Nazareth, Samaria, Jenin, and the Plain of Esdraelon.
CHAPTER XXIX.Ascent of Mount Tabor.—Around and on the Sea of Galilee.
CHAPTER XXX.From Galilee to Damascus.—A Ride Through Dan and Banias.
CHAPTER XXXI.Sights and Scenes in Damascus.
CHAPTER XXXII.Damascus to Beyroot.—The Ruins of Baalbec.—Farewell.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

A Scene in Egypt.
Coast of the Red Sea.
View in Jeddah, on the Red Sea.
Captain Burton in Native Dress.
Encampment of Pilgrims at Mount Arafat, near Mecca.
View of Medina (from a Drawing by a Native Artist).
Scene near Suez.
Travelling in the Sinai Desert.
A Shop in Suez.
The Northern End of the Gulf of Suez.
"Ayoon Moosa"—the Wells of Moses.
Preaching in a Mosque.
A Landing-place on the Fresh-water Canal.
Oriental Ships of Ancient Times.
Ferdinand De Lesseps.
Suez Canal and Eastern Egypt.
Night Scene on Lake Menzaleh.
Camel and Young.
Desert Scene in Eastern Egypt.
The Modern Shadoof.
An Ancient Shadoof.
A Sakkieh, or Water-wheel.
A Ploughman at Work.
An Ancient Plough.
An Egyptian Thrashing-machine.
Ancient Process of Treading out the Corn.
Egyptian Lentils.
The Pyramids.
A Question of Backsheesh.
A Street in Cairo.
A Projecting Window.
A Caliph of Egypt on his Throne.
Part of Old Cairo.
A Peddler of Jewellery.
A Lady in Street Dress.
A Woman Carrying Water.
The Fountain of a Mosque.
A Beggar at the Way-side.
A Man Carrying his Keys.
An Oriental Band of Music.
The Nay (Flute) and Case.
Ancient Egyptian Playing the Nay.
The Tamboora.
A Darabookah.
Coffee-pot and Cups.
Oriental Shopkeeper Examining his Books.
Interior of a Caravansary.
Gate-way of a Caravansary.
A Street in a Bazaar at Cairo.
Shopping Scene in the Hamzowee.
Eastern Necklaces.
Weighing Gold in the Jewellers' Bazaar.
Kitchen Utensils.
Basin and Ewer.
Bottle for Rose-water.
Oriental Guns.
Bab-el-Nasr.
Street Scene near the Bab-el-Nasr.
The Mosque of Tooloon.
Mihrab, Pulpit, and Candlestick in a Mosque.
A Begging Dervish.
A Whirling Dervish.
Performance of the Whirling Dervishes.
A Whirler in full Action.
Arabic Writing, with Impression of a Seal.
Scene in a Primary School.
Instruction at Home.
Entrance to the El-Azhar.
Professors of the El-Azhar.
The Citadel, Cairo, with Mosque of Mohammed Ali.
View from the Citadel, Cairo.
The Tombs of the Caliphs.
The Tomb of Keit Bey.
The Ferry at Old Cairo.
The Dress of an Egyptian King. Form of Crown and Aprons.
Menes.
Rameses II., from an Inscription.
Meneptah, the supposed Pharaoh of the Exodus.
The Name of Egypt in Hieroglyphics.
Ptolemy in Hieroglyphics.
The Rosetta Stone, with Specimen Lines from the Inscription.
Specimens of the Three Forms of Writing Used by the Egyptians.
Dedication of the Pylon of a Temple.
Egyptian Sculptors at Work.
Wooden Statue Found at Sakkara.
Wooden Dolls.
Children's Toys.
Positions in Playing Ball.
Balls of Leather and Porcelain.
Playing Ball Mounted.
Playing Checkers.
Sand-bag Exercise.
A Bull-fight.
Goddesses of Truth and Justice.
The Name of Apis, an Egyptian God, in Hieroglyphics.
King and Queen Offering to the Gods.
Different Forms of Mummy Cases.
Transporting a Mummy on a Sledge.
Goddess of Truth, with her Eyes Closed.
Lady's Head-dress on a Mummy Case.
Rings, Bracelets, and Scarabi.
Stone Scarabus with Wings.
Jeweller with Blow-pipe.
Egyptian Goldsmiths (from a Painting at Thebes).
Golden Baskets (from the Tomb of Rameses III.).
Dresses of Women of Ancient Egypt.
Camels and their Burdens.
Old Mode of Transport on the Nile.
Near View of the Pyramids.
The Battle of the Pyramids.—"Forty centuries look down on you".
Egyptian Captives Employed at Hard Labor.
Removing Stone from the Quarries.
Cutting and Squaring Blocks of Stone.
Section of the Great Pyramid.
The Sphinx.
The Sphinx by Moonlight.
Egyptian Captives Making Bricks.
Ploughing and Sowing.
Taking it Easy.
A Hunting Scene.
Bronze Figure of Apis.
Huntsman with Dogs and Game.
An Arched Tomb at Sakkara.
Central Room of the Bath.
The Man who didn't Like it.
The Barber.
The Bath among the Ancient Egyptians.
A Khatibeh, or Marriage-broker.
Preparing for the Wedding.
A Marriage Procession at Night.
Unveiling the Bride.
Blind Musicians among the Ancient Egyptians.
View on the Nile near Cairo.
Ancient Boat on the Nile.
A Village on the Bank of the River.
General View of an Eastern City.
A Plague of Flies.
A Kangia.
The Captain.
A Gourd Raft.
The Raft seen from Below.
View on a Sugar Plantation.
Interior of a Sugar-mill.
A Secure Point of View.
Interior of a Tomb at Beni-Hassan.
Section of a Tomb.
Spinning and Weaving.
Artists at Work.
Fishing Scene at Beni-Hassan.
An Ancient Donkey.
A Respectable Citizen.
An Old Inhabitant.
A Scene near Sioot.
A Scene in the Bazaars.
Room in an Oriental House.
An Oriental Gentleman.
An Egyptian Lamp.
Pigeon-houses.
The Oriental Pigeon.
A Watchman's Booth.
Inflated Skin Raft (from Assyrian Sculpture).
An Ancient Life-preserver.
Modern "Keleks," or Skin Rafts.
Girgeh.
Scene during the Inundation.
A Camel on his way to Pasture.
Heads of Captives of Rameses II.
A Lunch-party of Other Days.
Ancient Potters at Work.
Ancient Vases, Cups, and Water-jars.
Date-palms, near Keneh.
Ancient Dancers and Musicians.
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