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East London

East London
Category:
Title: East London
Release Date: 2019-02-11
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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The cover image was created by the transcriber and is placed in the public domain.


I

EAST LONDON


IV

A Street Row in the East End.


VEAST LONDON
BY
WALTER BESANT
AUTHOR OF
“LONDON,” “SOUTH LONDON,” “WESTMINSTER,” ETC.
WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY
PHIL MAY, JOSEPH PENNELL, AND
L. RAVEN-HILL
NEW YORK
THE CENTURY CO.
1901

VICopyright, 1899, 1900, 1901, by
The Century Co.
The DeVinne Press.

vi

CONTENTS

    PAGE
 
I WHAT EAST LONDON IS 1
 
II THE CITY OF MANY CRAFTS 19
 
III THE POOL AND THE RIVERSIDE 39
 
IV THE WALL 101
 
V THE FACTORY GIRL 114
 
VI THE KEY OF THE STREET 153
 
VII THE ALIEN 185
 
VIII THE HOUSELESS 209
 
IX THE SUBMERGED 227
 
X THE MEMORIES OF THE PAST 253
 
XI ON SPORTS AND PASTIMES 285
 
XII THE HELPING HAND 317
 
  INDEX 359

vii

ILLUSTRATIONS

  PAGE
A Street Row in the East End Frontispiece
 
Map of East London 5
 
London Street, Limehouse 11
 
A Typical Street in Bethnal Green 15
 
An East End Wharf 25
 
An East End Factory 31
 
Barge-Builders 36
 
The Water-Gate of London: Tower Bridge Looking Toward St. Paul’s 43
 
The Bank of “The Pool.” Looking Toward Tower Bridge 49
 
In the Docks 53
 
The Tower of London 57
 
The Water-Gate of London: Tower Bridge from the East Side of the Tower 63
 
The Turn of the Tide on the Lower Thames 69
 
Coming Up the Lower Thames with the Tide 75
 
Off Shadwell 80
 
Ratcliffe-Cross Stairs 83
 
Limehouse Basin and Church 89
 
The Thames Side at Limehouse 93
 
Greenwich Hospital 97
 
Wade Street, Limehouse 117
 
In an East End Gin-Shop 125
 
The British Workman in Epping Forest 131
 
Brook Street, Limehouse 139
 
viiiAn August Bank-Holiday in the East End 145
 
A Music-Hall 150
 
The West India Dock Gates 157
 
The Barges that Lie Down the Thames 163
 
East London Loafers 169
 
The “Hooligans” 175
 
Sunday Gambling 179
 
Whitechapel Shops 190
 
A Corner in Petticoat Lane 197
 
A “Schnorrer” (Beggar) of the Ghetto 200
 
East and West Ham 215
 
East and West Ham, from the Marshes 215
 
Salvation Army Shelter 232
 
Sandwich-men 245
 
A Quiet Dullness 259
 
The Street and Old Church Tower, Hackney 262
 
An East London Suburb, Overlooking Hackney Marshes 265
 
Clapton 269
 
The Old Church, Stoke Newington 272
 
A Street in Stoke Newington 274
 
House in Stoke Newington in which Edgar Allan Poe Lived 277
 
Hampstead Heath, Looking “Hendon Way” 293
 
The Shooting-Gallery 299
 
On Margate Sands 305
 
Toynbee Hall and St. Jude’s Church 312
 
The New Whitechapel Art Gallery 322
 
The East London Mission 329
 
The New Model Dwellings 336
 
Dr. Barnardo’s Home, Stepney Causeway 340
 
Mile End Almshouses 347
 
“The Bridge of Hope,” A Well-known East End Night Refuge 355

2I
WHAT EAST LONDON IS

3EAST LONDON

I
 
WHAT EAST LONDON IS

IN my previous books on London I have found it necessaryto begin with some consideration of the history and antiquitiesof the district concerned. For instance, my bookon Westminster demanded this historical treatment, becauseWestminster is essentially an old historical city with its rootsfar down in the centuries of the past: once a Roman station;once the market-place of the island; once a port; always aplace of religion and unction; for six hundred years the siteof the King’s House; for five hundred years the seat of Parliament;for as many the home of our illustrious dead. Butwith East London there is no necessity to speak of history.This modern city, the growth of a single century,—nay, ofhalf a century,—has no concern and no interest in the past;its present is not affected by its past; there are no monumentsto recall the past; its history is mostly a blank—that blankwhich is the history of woods and meadows, arable and pastureland, over which the centuries pass, making no moremark than the breezes of yesterday have made on the wavesand waters of the ocean.

It is, however, necessary that the reader should understandexactly what I

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