The American Missionary — Volume 36, No. 5, May, 1882
|Death of Rev. J. M. Williams||133|
|General Notes——Africa, Indians, Chinese||133|
|Cut of Modoc Funeral||135|
|Revival News——From Tougaloo, Chattanooga,Macon, Atlanta, Hampton, Paris and McIntosh||137|
|Our Youngest, the Tillotson||140|
|Teacher’s Institute at Talladega||140|
|Hon. Wm. E. Dodge and Atlanta Univ.||141|
|atlanta Teacher at Macon||141|
|Mr. Ladd’s Journal||142|
|Elephant Hunting (cut)||143|
|Statistics for February——Chinese New-Year||147|
|Japanese Pleasure Party||149|
|The Grasshopper Teacher||150|
American Missionary Association,
56 READE STREET, NEW YORK.
President, Hon. WM. B. WASHBURN, Mass.
Rev. M. E. STRIEBY. D.D., 56 Reade Street, N.Y.
H. W. HUBBARD, Esq., 56 Reade Street, N.Y.
Rev. C. L. WOODWORTH, Boston. Rev. G. D. PIKE, D.D., New York.
Rev. JAMES POWELL, Chicago.
relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to theCorresponding Secretary; those relating to the collecting fields,to the District Secretaries; letters for the Editor of the“American Missionary,” to Rev. G. D. Pike, D.D., at the New YorkOffice.
DONATIONS AND SUBSCRIPTIONS
may be sent to H. W. Hubbard, Treasurer, 56 Reade Street, New York,or, when more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, Rev. C.L. Woodworth, Dist. Sec., 21 Congregational House, Boston, Mass.,or Rev. James Powell, Dist. Sec., 112 West Washington Street,Chicago, Ill. A payment of thirty dollars at one time constitutes aLife Member. Letters relating to boxes and barrels of clothing maybe addressed to the persons above named.
FORM OF A BEQUEST.
“I bequeath to my executor (or executors) the sum of ————dollars, in trust, to pay the same in ———— days after my decease tothe person who, when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurerof the ‘American Missionary Association’ of New York City, to beapplied, under the direction of the Executive Committee of theAssociation, to its charitable uses and purposes.” The Will shouldbe attested by three witnesses.
The Annual Report of the A. M. A. contains the Constitution of theAssociation and the By-Laws of the Executive Committee. A copy willbe sent free on application.
American Missionary Association.
The friends of the A. M. A. who examine the receipts acknowledgedin this number of the Missionary will be gratified to seea total of $31,976.58 for March, thus making up in some measure forthe falling off in February. But too much encouragement must notbe taken from this single item. Let it only stimulate our friendsto a steady effort to round out the year with the $300,000 calledfor by the annual meeting and by the imperative needs of the work.To reach that sum $168,000 will be required for the remaining sixmonths of the year, or $28,000 per month.
The most infamous enactments of the Congress of theUnited States have been made in response to the demands ofcaste prejudice; as for example in the Fugitive Slave Law. Aparallel to this is found in the recent bill prohibiting Chineseimmigration——an enactment injurious to this country, a wrongto China and a violation of the fundamental principles of theDeclaration of Independence, and of the law of God. It is ashameful repudiation of our boast that this land is an asylum forthe oppressed of all nations, and it is a cowardly acknowledgmentthat a hundred thousand inoffensive Chinamen can so excite andalarm a nation of fifty millions of people. It is with greatgratification that we chronicle the veto of this bill by PresidentArthur. We only regret that he has not put the veto more squarelyagainst the principle of such prohibition.
Popular virtue is spasmodic. It was a spasm of publicrighteousness that overthrew Wm. M. Tweed in New York. But thespasm soon passed and New York was again misgoverned. Suddenuprisings of enthusiasm in the temperance cause have given usprohibitory and other stringent laws, but soon again the tidesof intemperance have swept onward. In missionary as well asreformatory work is the evil of these spasms felt. Some newdevelopments of special need or of special encouragement arousethe churches, and unwonted streams of contributions pour into thetreasuries of the Mission Boards. On the strength of these giftsthe mission work is enlarged and new responsibilities are assumed,but ere long the decay of the special impulse leaves the Boards toface their newly-created obligations with an empty treasury.
This has been specially true in regard to the work among theFreedmen. On the proclamation of Emancipation, and the enactment oflaws giving the ballot to the blacks, the popular enthusiasm knewno bounds. Liberal benefactions called into life the Freedmen’s AidSocieties and filled the treasury of this Association. At length,however, the Freedmen fell into the hands of the politicians, andthe nation lost interest in the conflicts of parties and factionsover them. The Aid Societies were abandoned and the A. M. A. withits vast machinery was left in debt. Now, again, within the lastfew years has the public attention been aroused to the educationof the colored people as their only hope and the nation’s onlysafety. Presidents Hayes and Garfield have voiced the feelings ofthe North, and Senator Brown and Dr. Haygood have re-echoed thesentiment for the South. During these late years the treasury ofthe A. M. A. has felt the new impulse, and again it has venturedupon enlargement. Shall it once more be left on the sands of aretreating tide and the work for the Freedmen be again crippled?Nothing will avert such a result but conscience and Christianprinciple on the part of the friends of the colored race. If thiswork ought to be done, and what patriot or Christian doubts it,then the patriot and the Christian must give it their steady andgenerous support.
Mr. Garry Brooks has given $30,000 to found a Brooks Professorshipat Oberlin College.
The medical department of Dartmouth College receives $2,000 fromthe will of the late E. W. Stoughton, of New York.
Hon. Frederick Billings, of Woodstock, Vt., has given $5,000 tothe fund now being raised for an additional gymnasium building atAmherst College.
Gen. James M. Coale, of Maryland, bequeathed $10,000 each toGeorgetown College, D.C., and St. Mary’s Industrial School forBoys, Baltimore.
The Marquis of Bute offers to add £10,000 to the fund to theproposed University College of Wales, provided the institution beestablished at Cardiff.
Ex-Gov. Morgan, of New York, has given $100,000 to Williams Collegefor a new dormitory building. The gifts of Gov. Morgan to WellsCollege amount in all to $275,000.
Miss Sarah Burr, of New York, bequeathed $95,000 for educationalpurposes in connection with institutions already established and$60,000 towards founding new ones.
During the past twelve months we have recorded under the head of“Benefactions” $9,118,500 to different educational institutionsin the United States. The greater part of this was given forendowments and permanent educational facilities——a portion of ithad been provided by donors during previous years, and a partstill remains unpaid. Of the grand total only $66,500 was forFreedmen——the money for their support having for the most part comethrough the contribution boxes.
The success already achieved by the institutions of thisAssociation and the favor already won by them among all classes ofthe Southern people, amply justify the work hitherto carried on. Itis believed that the time has fully come when this work should beput upon a more substantial basis. Permanent endowments are neededthat these institutions may achieve that larger success which isrightly expected of them.
Certain phases of our work, sometimes overlooked, greatly emphasizethis need. Careful attention is invited to the following points:
1. The unusual difficulties attending the successful prosecutionof our work. It is no ordinary school teaching that we haveundertaken to carry on in the South. Our pupils bring to theclass-room absolutely no inheritance of scholarly mind. Only twoor three generations separate them from the heathenism of the mostuncivilized continent in the world. Some of them come with themost meagre vocabulary——a few hundred tattered and torn remnantsof English words. Many of them have no equipment of generalinformation, such as other children absorb from their parents. Butworse than all is the evil inheritance which many of our pupilsbring from centuries of heathenism and slavery. Let us be frank andadd that even the great boon of freedom, so righteously conferred,has, by the very suddenness of its bestowal, unavoidably broughtpeculiar peril and damage to many of the freedmen.
It is not a light task to deal with such material as this. Moralcharacter must be developed at the outset and carefully nurturedall along. The rubbish of incorrect speech must be cleared away,and a correct and copious vocabulary formed. The commonest factsof general information must be imparted. Of course, in our higherinstitutions there is less of such work to be done; but a stillmore responsible and difficult task takes its place——that ofpreparing college and normal students to perform this same arduousprimary work as teachers and leaders of their own people. Never wassuch a mass of ignorance thrown so suddenly upon the educationalresources of a civilized people. But there is a brighter side.
2. The unprecedented facilities now available for the prosecutionof our work. Never was a civilized people so well prepared asour nation now is to meet this great emergency. The progress madein the science of education was never so great as it has beenin recent years. The adaptation of methods of teaching to thevarying necessities of pupils was never so well understood as now.Text-books and school apparatus, juvenile literature and helps forBiblical study were never so excellent as at present. The valueof industrial training, even as an element in the most liberalculture, is receiving unwonted emphasis. In short, the accumulatedwisdom of the latest and best century stands ready to serve us, ifwe only summon its aid. Much of it is in service already; but farmore is needed than our present financial resources can command.
3. The necessity