Memoirs of the Reign of King George the Third, Volume 3 (of 4)
OF THE REIGN OF
KING GEORGE THE THIRD.
OF THE REIGN OF
KING GEORGE THE THIRD.
By HORACE WALPOLE,
YOUNGEST SON OF SIR ROBERT WALPOLE, EARL OF ORFORD.
NOW FIRST PUBLISHED FROM THE ORIGINAL MSS.
EDITED, WITH NOTES,
By Sir DENIS LE MARCHANT, Bart.
RICHARD BENTLEY, NEW BURLINGTON STREET,
Publisher in Ordinary to Her Majesty.
Printed by S. & J. Bentley, Wilson, and Fley,
Bangor House, Shoe Lane.
Since the publication of the preceding volumesof this work, the Editor has been favoured withsome important communications, which call for hispublic and most grateful acknowledgements.
The Duke of Bedford kindly granted him theuse of the valuable collection of letters at Woburn,left by his ancestor, John Duke of Bedford, fromwhich he should have been less sparing in his extracts,had not the publication of the concludingvolume of that nobleman’s correspondence beenexpected in the course of the present year.
The Editor’s inquiries have, in many instances,been materially assisted by the Journal and Correspondenceof Sir Gilbert Elliot—the counsellorand intimate friend of Lord Bute, and one ofthe most accomplished statesmen of his day. Hisivpapers are particularly valuable, as constituting,perhaps, the only authority which can be reliedon for the views of the Court, at a time thatit has been charged with originating a system ofunconstitutional interference with the governmentof the country. Amongst them have been preservedsome very interesting letters that passedbetween Lord Bute and Sir Gilbert, during criticalperiods of the political career of the former,which throw considerable light on his characterand intentions. Whatever benefit may have beenconferred on this work by the information thusplaced at the Editor’s disposal, is due to theliberality of the Earl of Minto, who readily consentedto the Editor’s consulting such of his grandfather’spapers as related to the early part ofGeorge the Third’s reign, adding at the same timeseveral explanations which, coming from a memberof Sir Gilbert’s family, were especially valuable.
Through the friendship of Lord Brougham, towhom the Editor is also indebted for many valuablesuggestions, access was obtained to a collection ofGeorge the Third’s Letters to Lord North, inthe possession of that nobleman’s accomplisheddaughter, Lady Charlotte Lindsay, from whichthe Editor has made rather copious extracts, illustrating,vas he conceives, very forcibly, the personalcharacter of the King, and its influence on theevents of his reign.
He has also to express his deep obligations tothe Duke of Grafton, for placing in his hands,without reserve, the autobiography of his grandfather(the Minister of George the Third), a workin itself of sufficient importance to deserve separatepublication, and the appearance of whichat an earlier period would have refuted many ofthe calumnies that have attached to the name ofits noble writer. The extracts given in the Appendixrelate, almost exclusively, to his Grace’spublic conduct during his own administration andthat of Lord Rockingham.
It had been the Editor’s intention to insert inthe Appendix the biographies of some of the statesmennoticed in these Memoirs, of whom less hashitherto been generally known than might have beenexpected from their connexion with the politics ofthe day. With this view he had prepared a lifeof Marshal Conway, and a selection from his correspondence,two volumes of which were kindlyentrusted to him by the Right Honourable SirAlexander Johnstone, from whom he also obtainedmuch interesting information respecting the Marshal’svipursuits after he quitted office. The Appendix,however, is without such an additionalready too large; but should the subject appearnot to have been exhausted, the Editor proposesto publish the materials he has collected in aseparate volume, under the title of “Notes andBiographical Sketches illustrative of the Historyof the Early Years of the Reign of George theThird.”
7, Harley Street,
July, 20, 1845.
THE THIRD VOLUME.
|1767.||Debates on East Indian Affairs||1|
|Wilkes and the Duke of Grafton||5|
|March 16th. The Houses adjourn for the Holidays||6|
|Expulsion of the Jesuits from Spain||6|
|March 28th. The Houses reassemble||11|
|May 1st. Conversation on Indian Affairs||15|
|May 6th. Court of Proprietors vote themselves a Dividend||21|
|Conduct of Mr. Townshend||23|
|1767.||May 13th. Proposal to tax the Colonies||28|
|Passing of the Resolutions||37|
|Affairs of Lord Chatham||41|
|May 18th. Violent Conduct of the Court of India Proprietors||44|
|May 21st. Motion for Quebec Papers||45|
|State of Catholicism in England||47|
|May 26th. Motion on the Massachusets Act||47|
|Weakness of the Administration||49|
|June 1st. Grant moved to Prince Ferdinand||50|
|June 2nd. Victory of the Court in the House of Lords||54|
|1767.||Negotiations with the Bedford Party||58|
|July 2nd. Close of the Session||59|
|July 5th. Interview of Conway with the King||61|
|July 15th. Treaty with Lord Rockingham||69|
|July 20th. Meeting at the Duke of Newcastle’s||79|
|July 22nd. Interview of Lord Rockingham with the King||83|
|1767.||Attempt to procure an Earldom for Lord Holland||94|
|July 28th. Walpole sups with the Duke of Grafton||96|
|Sept. 4th. Death of Charles Townshend||99|
|Sept. 17th. Death of the Comte de Guerchy||102|
|Sept. 17th. Death of the Duke of York||103|
|Characters of the Royal Dukes||105|
|French Travellers in England and Ireland||107|
|Generosity of Conway||108|
|Conduct of Lord Townshend in Ireland||109|
|Nov. 24th. Meeting of Parliament||112|
|Debate on the Address||113|
|Nov. 29th. Negotiation with the Bedford Party||117|
|1767.||Affair of Colonel Brereton with the Duke of Grafton||132|
|Tax on Irish Absentees||133|
|Character of Lord Weymouth||135|
|Attempted Treaty with Mr. Grenville||136|
|Dec. 18th. Success of the Negotiation with the Bedfords||140|
|Dec. 21st. The Houses adjourn||141|
|1768.||Case of the Duke of Portland||143|
|Jan. 14th. Dunning made Solicitor-General||146ix|
|Jan. 20th. Resignation of Conway||149|
|Affair of Lord Bottetort||151|
|Corruption of the Corporation of Oxford||153|
|Bill for Septennial Parliaments in Ireland||155|
|Feb. 1st. Death of Sir Robert Rich||156|
|Beckford’s Bribery Bill||157|
|Feb. 17th. Bill to restrain the Recovery of Crown Lands||161|
|Dissolution of Parliament||163|