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Memoirs of the Reign of King George the Third, Volume 3 (of 4)

Memoirs of the Reign of King George the Third, Volume 3 (of 4)
Title: Memoirs of the Reign of King George the Third, Volume 3 (of 4)
Release Date: 2018-10-20
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Date added: 27 March 2019
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MEMOIRS
OF THE REIGN OF
KING GEORGE THE THIRD.

VOL. III.


George III.

J. Cook, sc.

HON. CHARLES TOWNSHEND.

FROM THE ORIGINAL BY SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS.

London. Published by Richard Bentley 1845


MEMOIRS
OF THE REIGN OF
KING GEORGE THE THIRD.

By HORACE WALPOLE,
YOUNGEST SON OF SIR ROBERT WALPOLE, EARL OF ORFORD.

NOW FIRST PUBLISHED FROM THE ORIGINAL MSS.
EDITED, WITH NOTES,
By Sir DENIS LE MARCHANT, Bart.

VOL. III.

LONDON:
RICHARD BENTLEY, NEW BURLINGTON STREET,
Publisher in Ordinary to Her Majesty.
1845.


LONDON:
Printed by S. & J. Bentley, Wilson, and Fley,
Bangor House, Shoe Lane.


iii

Since the publication of the preceding volumesof this work, the Editor has been favoured withsome important communications, which call for hispublic and most grateful acknowledgements.

The Duke of Bedford kindly granted him theuse of the valuable collection of letters at Woburn,left by his ancestor, John Duke of Bedford, fromwhich he should have been less sparing in his extracts,had not the publication of the concludingvolume of that nobleman’s correspondence beenexpected in the course of the present year.

The Editor’s inquiries have, in many instances,been materially assisted by the Journal and Correspondenceof Sir Gilbert Elliot—the counsellorand intimate friend of Lord Bute, and one ofthe most accomplished statesmen of his day. Hisivpapers are particularly valuable, as constituting,perhaps, the only authority which can be reliedon for the views of the Court, at a time thatit has been charged with originating a system ofunconstitutional interference with the governmentof the country. Amongst them have been preservedsome very interesting letters that passedbetween Lord Bute and Sir Gilbert, during criticalperiods of the political career of the former,which throw considerable light on his characterand intentions. Whatever benefit may have beenconferred on this work by the information thusplaced at the Editor’s disposal, is due to theliberality of the Earl of Minto, who readily consentedto the Editor’s consulting such of his grandfather’spapers as related to the early part ofGeorge the Third’s reign, adding at the same timeseveral explanations which, coming from a memberof Sir Gilbert’s family, were especially valuable.

Through the friendship of Lord Brougham, towhom the Editor is also indebted for many valuablesuggestions, access was obtained to a collection ofGeorge the Third’s Letters to Lord North, inthe possession of that nobleman’s accomplisheddaughter, Lady Charlotte Lindsay, from whichthe Editor has made rather copious extracts, illustrating,vas he conceives, very forcibly, the personalcharacter of the King, and its influence on theevents of his reign.

He has also to express his deep obligations tothe Duke of Grafton, for placing in his hands,without reserve, the autobiography of his grandfather(the Minister of George the Third), a workin itself of sufficient importance to deserve separatepublication, and the appearance of whichat an earlier period would have refuted many ofthe calumnies that have attached to the name ofits noble writer. The extracts given in the Appendixrelate, almost exclusively, to his Grace’spublic conduct during his own administration andthat of Lord Rockingham.

It had been the Editor’s intention to insert inthe Appendix the biographies of some of the statesmennoticed in these Memoirs, of whom less hashitherto been generally known than might have beenexpected from their connexion with the politics ofthe day. With this view he had prepared a lifeof Marshal Conway, and a selection from his correspondence,two volumes of which were kindlyentrusted to him by the Right Honourable SirAlexander Johnstone, from whom he also obtainedmuch interesting information respecting the Marshal’svipursuits after he quitted office. The Appendix,however, is without such an additionalready too large; but should the subject appearnot to have been exhausted, the Editor proposesto publish the materials he has collected in aseparate volume, under the title of “Notes andBiographical Sketches illustrative of the Historyof the Early Years of the Reign of George theThird.”

7, Harley Street,
July, 20, 1845.


vii

CONTENTS
OF
THE THIRD VOLUME.

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CHAPTER I.
A. D.   PAGE
1767. Debates on East Indian Affairs 1
  Wilkes and the Duke of Grafton 5
  March 16th. The Houses adjourn for the Holidays 6
  Expulsion of the Jesuits from Spain 6
  March 28th. The Houses reassemble 11
  Parliamentary Discussions 11
  May 1st. Conversation on Indian Affairs 15
  May 6th. Court of Proprietors vote themselves a Dividend 21
  Conduct of Mr. Townshend 23
CHAPTER II.
1767. May 13th. Proposal to tax the Colonies 28
  Passing of the Resolutions 37
  Affairs of Lord Chatham 41
  May 18th. Violent Conduct of the Court of India Proprietors 44
  May 21st. Motion for Quebec Papers 45
  State of Catholicism in England 47
  May 26th. Motion on the Massachusets Act 47
  Weakness of the Administration 49
  June 1st. Grant moved to Prince Ferdinand 50
  June 2nd. Victory of the Court in the House of Lords 54
CHAPTER III.viii
1767. Negotiations with the Bedford Party 58
  July 2nd. Close of the Session 59
  July 5th. Interview of Conway with the King 61
  July 15th. Treaty with Lord Rockingham 69
  July 20th. Meeting at the Duke of Newcastle’s 79
  July 22nd. Interview of Lord Rockingham with the King 83
CHAPTER IV.
1767. Attempt to procure an Earldom for Lord Holland 94
  July 28th. Walpole sups with the Duke of Grafton 96
  Sept. 4th. Death of Charles Townshend 99
  Sept. 17th. Death of the Comte de Guerchy 102
  Sept. 17th. Death of the Duke of York 103
  Characters of the Royal Dukes 105
  French Travellers in England and Ireland 107
  Generosity of Conway 108
  Conduct of Lord Townshend in Ireland 109
  Nov. 24th. Meeting of Parliament 112
  Debate on the Address 113
  Nov. 29th. Negotiation with the Bedford Party 117
CHAPTER V.
1767. Affair of Colonel Brereton with the Duke of Grafton 132
  Tax on Irish Absentees 133
  Character of Lord Weymouth 135
  Attempted Treaty with Mr. Grenville 136
  Dec. 18th. Success of the Negotiation with the Bedfords 140
  Dec. 21st. The Houses adjourn 141
1768. Case of the Duke of Portland 143
  Jan. 14th. Dunning made Solicitor-General 146ix
  Jan. 20th. Resignation of Conway 149
  Affair of Lord Bottetort 151
  Corruption of the Corporation of Oxford 153
  Bill for Septennial Parliaments in Ireland 155
  Feb. 1st. Death of Sir Robert Rich 156
  Beckford’s Bribery Bill 157
  Feb. 17th. Bill to restrain the Recovery of Crown Lands 161
  Dissolution of Parliament 163
CHAPTER VI.
1768.