A Guide to Cromer and its Neighbourhood
The Project Gutenberg eBook, A Guide to Cromer and its Neighbourhood, by AVisitorThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere in the United States and mostother parts of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms ofthe Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org. If you are not located in the United States, you'll haveto check the laws of the country where you are located before using this ebook.Title: A Guide to Cromer and its NeighbourhoodAuthor: A VisitorRelease Date: October 17, 2018 [eBook #58122]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ISO-646-US (US-ASCII)***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK A GUIDE TO CROMER AND ITSNEIGHBOURHOOD***
Transcribed from the 1841 Leak edition by David Price, [email protected]
GUIDE TO CROMER
AND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD.
“Musicis in thy billows,
Grandeur doth walk thy beach, sit on thy cliffs,
Wave in thy woods, and Nature’s smile or frown,
As cast o’er thee, is beautiful.”
PUBLISHEDAND SOLD BY
JERROLD, AND STEVENSON, MATCHATT, & STEVENSON,
BLYTH, NORTH-WALSHAM; CLEMENTS, AYLSHAM;
AND SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO. LONDON.
A Guide to
Cromer, August 3, 1841.
There are few places in thiskingdom which combine to a greater degree the advantages of asalubrious and invigorating air, a fine and open sea, or morepleasing scenery than Cromer. The lover of nature, thestudent, or the invalid may frequent its shores with equalbenefit, and with equal gratification. That it is not moreknown, or become a place of more general resort, is the resultrather of circumstances, than of any deficiency in itself. True, indeed, it has not the metropolitan luxuries of Brighton,or the elegances of some of our more southern favourites torecommend it, neither does it offer any resources of gaiety forthe amusement of its visitors; but nevertheless, it will neverwant admirers, so long as an unvitiated taste, a desire ofscientific knowledge, or a wish for the renovation of healthshall exist.
Cromer is situated on the most north-easterly
For some centuries the sea has continued to make considerableencroachments on this part of
At very low tides, large masses of old wall are still to beseen nearly half a mile from the cliffs, which the fishermen callthe Church Rock, from the supposition that they formed part ofthe old church at Shipden; but some have discredited the idea, onthe ground that the constant action of the sea for so many agesmust have destroyed all vestiges of the building. We have,however, seen a fragment of the wall which was lately obtainedfrom the mass during a very low tide; and it is undoubtedlycomposed of the squared flints, such as are used in the presentchurch of Cromer.
The sea has continued to make rapid encroachments on thecliffs. Many large portions of land were washed away in1611, previous to which the inhabitants had endeavoured, butfruitlessly, although
In the morning of August 19, 1832, the Lighthouse hill againsustained a similar loss. This shoot was so considerable asto cause serious apprehension for the safety of the light-houseitself; in consequence of which the master and elder
Many years ago, the first house was lighted up with coals,which was not only an uncertain light, but also a fixed one, andwas frequently mistaken. The labour and expense likewiseattendant on this method were very great; for the light was keptup by means of a large bellows, which was incessantly worked likea blacksmith’s forge, and the coals, which article isalways at a high price in Cromer, could be brought up the hillonly by small p.6quantities at a time. In addition to which thesmoke and dirt caused by their consumption, made the office oflight-house-keeper a most disagreeable and an unhealthyone. The lamps require to be trimmed every three hours; butas the attendance is shared by two persons, a comfortable portionof sleep is allowed to each, the night being divided betweenthem.
The annual salary formerly paid by the Trinity House to thelight-house-keeper, was fifty pounds, it is now one hundredpounds. When the writer of this article first visitedCromer, many years ago, the situation was held by two females, bywhom the house was kept in such beautiful order, as to form ofitself, an object of attraction and admiration.
The floating-light off Mundesley, twelve miles to the east,may be distinctly seen in the night from the town, where thecliffs are not so lofty as those near the light-house.
Within the last five years the appearance of Cromer, viewedfrom the beach, has been materially changed. Before thattime the undefended cliff alone presented itself to the eye, andthe town seemed to stand much further back. A largesubscription-room, bath-house, and other edifices, wereconstructed on the beach and side of the cliff, and apparentdistance was given to the whole. At present the jettyappears buried under the town, and the tower of the church to
In the month of February, 1837, an extraordinary high tideoccurred, accompanied with a furious gale from the north-west,which washed the whole of the above-mentioned edifices away, andeven for a time threatened the destruction of the town andchurch. For two days, the 17th and 18th of February, thestorm continued to rage. The day previous had beenparticularly fine, and the wind was gentle;—all had retiredto rest in apparent security, fearless of the grand butcapricious element which rolled near them. In the middle ofthe night, however, an alarm was given;—the tide was risingto an unprecedented height, threatening to engulph all within itsreach. In a few moments all was terror and confusion; thecliff was crowded with spectators, every assistance was affordedto those immediately exposed to the fury of the mighty billowswhich poured in, and happily the loss of one life alone is to bedeplored. This poor man was left in charge ofSimons’s bathing-house; he was aroused, but whether he gaveno heed to the admonition, or remained too long on the premises,is uncertain. He was borne away by the waters, togetherwith the house, and his body was afterwards picked up at Bacton,near Mundesley, a distance of ten miles.
Morning presented an awful spectacle, and
From that time till the following year no steps were taken toprotect the town from the increasing advance of the sea; but inthe year 1838, a proposal was made to erect a safety wall for itsdefence. Accordingly the inhabitants subjected themselvesto a rate in order to defray the expense, and the remainder ofthe sum estimated was raised