Memoirs of the Reign of King George the Second, Volume 3 (of 3)

Memoirs of the Reign of King George the Second, Volume 3 (of 3)
Title: Memoirs of the Reign of King George the Second, Volume 3 (of 3)
Release Date: 2019-01-16
Type book: Text
Copyright Status: Public domain in the USA.
Date added: 27 March 2019
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TRANSCRIBER’S NOTE

This is Volume 3 of 3. The first volume can be found in ProjectGutenberg at:
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/57016 .
The second volume can be found in Project Gutenberg at:
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/57851 .

The List of Illustrations has been copied from Volume I. This listdescribes six illustrations, two in each volume.

Footnote anchors are denoted by [number], and the footnotes have beenplaced at the end of each chapter.

When reading this book on the web, the two Indexes have active links back to pages in all three volumes.When reading on a handheld device only the internal links within this volume(vol. iii) are active.

Some minor changes to the text are noted at the end of the book.


MEMOIRS
OF THE REIGN OF
KING GEORGE THE SECOND.

VOL. III.


MR. PITT.
London: Henry Colburn 1846.

MEMOIRS

OF THE REIGN OF

KING GEORGE THE SECOND.

BY

HORACE WALPOLE,

YOUNGEST SON OF SIR ROBERT WALPOLE, EARL OF ORFORD.


EDITED, FROM THE ORIGINAL MSS.

WITH A PREFACE AND NOTES,

BY THE LATE

LORD HOLLAND.


Second Edition, Revised.

WITH THE ORIGINAL MOTTOES.


VOL. III.


LONDON:
HENRY COLBURN, PUBLISHER,
GREAT MARLBOROUGH STREET.
1847.


[Pg v]

CONTENTS
OF
THE THIRD VOLUME.


CHAPTER I.
  A. D.PAGE
1757.Dismissal and Resignation of Ministers1
Efforts to form a new Administration2
Parliamentary Inquiries into the Loss of Minorca4
Mr. Pitt’s Power and Popularity5
Duke of Newcastle and Mr. Foxib.
The Inquiries into the Loss of Minorca7
No Ministry formed11
The Militia Bill passesib.
Great success of the King of Prussia12
Various Plans for forming an Administration14
Vote of a Million16
Bill regulating payment of Seamen’s Wages19
Duke of Newcastle’s irresolution21
Rupture of Negotiation between Pitt and Newcastle22
Duke of Newcastle’s Projects and Difficultiesib.
CHAPTER II.
1757.Prince of Wales interferes to facilitate arrangements25
Lord Waldegrave appointed First Lord of the Treasury26
Resignation of the Duke of Newcastle’s friends27
Author’s advice to Fox28
[vi] Lord Waldegrave’s projected Ministry abandoned—The King’s reluctant acquiescence30
The new Ministry settled31
Charge on the Public32
Lord Waldegrave has the Garter34
King of Prussia defeated by Daun36
Battle of Hastenbeckeib.
King overwhelmed with the misfortunes of Hanover37
Leicester House38
Disturbances on the Militia Bill40
France42
Expedition to Rochfort44
Officers employed on Expedition to Rochfort45
CHAPTER III.
1757.Isle of Aix50
Council of War51
Conway proposes an Attack on Fouras53
Attack on Fouras fails56
Affairs in the East Indies57
Victory of the Prussians over the Russiansib.
Convention of Closter Seven58
The King disavows the Convention of Closter Seven59
The Duke’s return60
Duke’s reception at Court, and conduct thereupon61
The Duke resigns64
Affairs of Ireland65
State of Parties in Ireland68
Inquiry into Miscarriages at Rochfort75
Court-Martial78
Lord Mansfield of Cabinet79
Victories of the King of Prussia80
Sir John Ligonier made Viscount and Marshal81
Death of Princess Caroline82
[vii] CHAPTER IV.
1758.Mr. Pitt84
Five great men85
Lord Granvilleib.
Sir Robert Walpole86
Lord Mansfieldib.
Duke of Cumberlandib.
Mr. Pittib.
Five great men compared87
Parliamentib.
Speech of Mr. Pitt88
King of Prussia takes Breslau90
General Clive’s Victoryib.
Military Appointments91
Affairs of Irelandib.
Picture of some of the Manners of the Age97
King’s Munificence100
Affair of the Habeas Corpus101
Mr. Pratt brings in a Bill103
Anecdotes on the Navy Bill106
CHAPTER V.
1758.Death of Archbishop Hutton107
Affair of Lord Tyrawley108
New Treaty with Prussia110
Sequel of the Habeas Corpus112
Habeas Corpus Bill in Lords116
Judges’ Opinions on Habeas Corpus Bill118
Habeas Corpus Bill dropped121
Leicester Houseib.
Operations of the King of Prussia122
Expedition to St. Maloes124
[viii] Passage of the Rhine by Prince Ferdinand, and his Victory at Crevelt127
Defeats of Prince Ysenberg and M. Chevert128
CHAPTER VI.
1758.History of Dr. Hensey130
Election of a Pope131
Rezzonico elected Pope133
Taking of Cherbourgib.
Cape Breton takenib.
Other Events in America134
Affair at St. Cas135
Battle of Custrin, and relief of Dresden138
Disputes with Holland139
Assassination of the King of Portugal141
Portugal143
The English Army in Germany147
Defeat at Hochkirchen148
Sieges of Neiss, Cosel, and Dresden raised149
Parliament meetsib.
Addresses of Thanks150
Army voted151
Affair of Dr. Shebbear152
Pitt’s behaviour to Conway154
Pitt’s conduct in Ministry156
Lord Arran157
Disgrace of the Cardinal de Bernis158
Conclusionib.
Author’s own Character159
CHAPTER VII.
1759.Author’s motives for continuing the Work164
A memorable era165
Election of Chancellor of Oxford166
[ix] Exchange of Prisoners167
Death of Princess of Orange168
Capture of Goree169
Expeditions to West Indiesib.
Mr. Pitt’s Character and Ministry172
Estimates of the year176
Duty upon Dry Goods177
Mr. Pitt’s speech on Taxes178
Mr. Pitt’s sensibility to censure179
Mr. Pitt’s complaisance to Lord Hardwickeib.
Jealousies in Ministry181
Message on Militia184
Threats of Invasion from France185
Havre de Grace bombarded186
CHAPTER VIII.
1759.Campaign in Germany188
Battle of Minden190
Reports of Battle of Minden191
Lord Granby and Lord G. Sackville192
Reflections on Lord G. Sackville193
Lord G. Sackville returns to England198
Correspondence of French General199
King of Prussia’s Campaign200
Battle of Cunnersdorf201
Prussians defeated203
King of Prussia saves Berlin and retrieves his Affairs204
Spain and Naplesib.
Charles III. of Spain sets aside his eldest son206
Reasons for setting aside Duke of Calabria examine207
King of Spain208
Death of Lady Elizabeth211
Boscawen defeats the French Fleeib.
Conquests in Americaib.
Lord G. Sackville212
[x] CHAPTER IX.
1759.Marshal D’Estrées216
French worsted in East Indies217
Wolfe’s Embarrassmentsib.
Conquest of Quebec, and death of Wolfe219
Perfidy and cruelty of French Government223
Bankruptcy of Franceib.
Thurot sails224
Parliamentib.
Mr. Pitt’s speech225
Lord Temple resigns the Privy Seal228
Lord Temple resumes the Privy Sealib.
Monument to Wolfe, and Thanks to Officers229
Admiral Saunders230
Hawke attacks and destroys Conflans’ Fleet231
Debates on Extraordinary Commissions233
Army Estimate234
Proposals for Peace ineffectual236
Heir-Apparent’s Court237
Victorious Officers rewardedib.
Warburton made Bishop239
Irelandib.
Tumults in Dublin241
Irish Parliament245
CHAPTER X.
1760.War in Germany247
Prince Ferdinand’s detachment to King of Prussia248
Value of contemporary Memoir249
Lord Bath’s Letter250
Macklyn’s Love à la Mode250
Lord G. Sackville demands a Court-Martial251
Earl Ferrers murders his Steward258
Smollett punished for a Libel259
[xi] Thurot’s Expedition to Ireland262
Thurot’s death265
Debate on Trial of Member of House of Commonsib.
Court-Martial on Lord G. Sackville266
Sentence of Court-Martial273
Trial of Earl Ferrers274
Execution of Earl Ferrers278
Qualification Bill279
Militia Bills280
CHAPTER XI.
1760.General Murray beaten at Quebec284
French retreat from Quebecib.
General Amherst takes Montreal288
Successes in East Indies289
Campaign in Germany290
Prussians defeated, and General Fouquet taken291
King of Prussia before Dresden292
Is obliged to raise the siegeib.
King of Prussia defeats Laudohn294
Daun compelled to raise the Siege of Schweidnitz, and retreats295
Allies take Berlinib.
Abandon it296
King of Prussia beats Daun at Torgau297
Campaign in Germanyib.
Duke of Cumberland300
Earl of Clanrickardib.
George the Second dies302
His Character, and Will303
Anecdote of George the First’s Will308

Appendix313
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